Ultrasonic flow meter
About: Ultrasonic flow meter is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3243 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 29772 citation(s).
01 Jun 1995-Optics Letters
TL;DR: Optical Doppler tomography is an accurate method for the characterization of high-resolution fluid flow velocity in transparent glass and turbid collagen conduits and is in excellent agreement with experimental data and theoretical calculations.
Abstract: The spatial profiles of fluid flow velocity in transparent glass and turbid collagen conduits are measured by optical Doppler tomography (ODT). The flow velocity at a discrete user-specified spatial location in the conduit is determined by measurement of the Doppler shift of backscattered light from microspheres suspended in the flowing fluid. Experimental data and theoretical calculations are in excellent agreement. ODT is an accurate method for the characterization of high-resolution fluid flow velocity.
01 Dec 1986-International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Abstract: The application of an external blood flowmeter, an ultrasonic Doppler shift detection device, to the one-dimensional velocity profile measurement of the general flow of water was studied. Experiments were carried out for Poiseuille flow in a 12 mm diameter pipe and for Taylor vortex flow in a roating double cylinder with a 5 mm gap. Measured velocity profiles showed good agreement with theoretical predictions, implying that the device works quite successfully for this purpose.
01 Aug 1993-Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Abstract: The ultrasonic velocity profile measuring method has been developed at PSI for application in fluid mechanics and fluid flow measurement. It uses pulsed ultrasonic echography together with the detection of the instantaneous Doppler shift frequency. This method has the following advantages over the conventional techniques: (1) an efficient flow mapping process, (2) applicability to opaque liquids, and (3) a record of the spatiotemporal velocity field. After a brief introduction of its principle, the characteristics and specifications of the present system are given. Then examples in fluid engineering for oscillating pipe flow, T-branching flow of mercury, and recirculating flow in a square cavity are described that confirm the method's advantages. Several other works under way by other investigators are introduced. A potential for in-depth study of fluid dynamics is demonstrated by several examples from an investigation of modulated wavy flows in a rotating Couette system. The position-averaged power spectrum and the time-averaged energy spectral density were used to study the dynamic characteristics of the flow, and subsequently the velocity field was decomposed into its intrinsic wave structure based on two-dimensional Fourier analysis.
28 Jun 1999-
Abstract: At least one parameter of at least one fluid in a pipe (12) is measured using a spatial array of acoustic pressure sensors (14, 16, 18) placed at predetermined axial locations x1,x2,x3 along the pipe (12). The pressure sensors (14, 16, 18) provide acoustic pressure signals P1(t), P2(t), P3(t) on lines (20, 22, 24) which are provided to signal processing logic (60) which determines the speed of sound amix of the fluid (or mixture) in the pipe (12) using acoustic spatial array signal processing techniques with the direction of propagation of the acoustic signals along the longitudinal axis of the pipe (12). Numerous spatial array processing techniques may be employed to determined the speed of sound amix. The speed of sound amix is provided to logic (48) which calculates the percent composition of the mixture, e.g., water fraction, or any other parameter of the mixture or fluid which is related to the sound speed amix. The logic (60) may also determine the mach number (MX) of the fluid. The acoustic pressure signals P1(t), P2(t), P3(t) measured are lower frequency (and longer wavelength) signals than those used for ultrasonic flow meters, and thus is more tolerant to inhomogeneities in the flow. No external source is required and thus may operate using passive listening. The invention will work with arbitrary sensor spacing and with as few as two sensors if certain information is known about the acoustic properties of the system.
22 Dec 2006-Ultrasonics
TL;DR: This paper tries to answer the question of how ultrasonic flowmeters advance in the past fifty years to support claims by looking at ultrasonic Flowmeter inventions and publications since 1955 to see how four key problems were solved.
Abstract: Ultrasonic flowmeters are one of the fastest-growing technologies within the general field of instruments for process monitoring, measurement and control. Today, acoustic/ultrasonic flowmeters utilize clamp-on and wetted transducers, single and multiple paths, paths on and off the diameter, passive and active principles, contrapropagating transmission, reflection (Doppler), tag correlation, vortex shedding, liquid level sensing of open channel flow or flow in partially-full conduits, and other interactions. Ultrasonic flowmeters are applicable to liquids, gases, and multiphase mixtures, but not without limits. However, no single technology, nor one type of interaction within a technology, can be best for all fluids, occasions and situations. Users who select a particular type of ultrasonic flowmeter over one based on a competing (nonultrasonic) technology often do so for one (or more) of the following reasons: ultrasonic equipment provides a useful measurement whether the fluid is single-phase or not single-phase; equipment is easy to use; flow regime can be laminar, transitional or turbulent; transducers are totally external (no penetration of the pressure boundary); transducers, if not clamp-on, are minimally invasive; no excess pressure drop; when certain conditions are met, accuracy can be better than 0.5%; fast (ms) response; reliable despite temperature extremes; reasonable purchase price, installation, operating and maintenance costs. Sometimes mass flowrate is obtainable. Energy flowrate might be achieved for natural gas and biogas in the near future. How did ultrasonic flowmeters advance in the past fifty years to support such claims? This paper tries to answer this question by looking at ultrasonic flowmeter inventions and publications since 1955, to see how four key problems were solved.