About: Ultrasonic sensor is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 80941 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 761089 citation(s).
TL;DR: A method for simulation of pulsed pressure fields from arbitrarily shaped, apodized and excited ultrasound transducers is suggested, which relies on the Tupholme-Stepanishen method for calculating pulsing pressure fields and can also handle the continuous wave and pulse-echo case.
Abstract: A method for simulation of pulsed pressure fields from arbitrarily shaped, apodized and excited ultrasound transducers is suggested. It relies on the Tupholme-Stepanishen method for calculating pulsed pressure fields, and can also handle the continuous wave and pulse-echo case. The field is calculated by dividing the surface into small rectangles and then Summing their response. A fast calculation is obtained by using the far-field approximation. Examples of the accuracy of the approach and actual calculation times are given. >
07 Jun 1995-Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Abstract: An acoustic imaging system for use within a heart has a catheter, an ultrasound device incorporated into the catheter, and an electrode mounted on the catheter. The ultrasound device directs ultrasonic signals toward an internal structure in the heart to create an ultrasonic image, and the electrode is arranged for electrical contact with the internal structure. A chemical ablation device mounted on the catheter ablates at least a portion of the internal structure by delivery of fluid to the internal structure. The ablation device includes a material that vibrates in response to electrical excitation, the ablation being at least assisted by vibration of the material. The ablation device may alternatively be a transducer incorporated into the catheter, arranged to convert electrical signals into radiation and to direct the radiation toward the internal structure. The electrode may be a sonolucent structure incorporated into the catheter, through which the ultrasound device is arranged to direct signals. An acoustic marker mounted on the catheter emits a sonic wave when electrically excited. A central processing unit creates a graphical representation of the internal structure, and super-imposes items of data onto the graphical representation at locations that represent the respective plurality of locations within the internal structure corresponding to the plurality of items of data. A display system displays the graphical representation onto which the plurality of items of data are super-imposed.
01 Dec 1998-Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
TL;DR: A physical and mathematical basis of SWEI is presented and some experimental results of pilot studies proving feasibility of this new ultrasonic technology are presented, including a theoretical model of shear oscillations in soft biological tissue remotely induced by the radiation force of focused ultrasound.
Abstract: Shear wave elasticity imaging (SWEI) is a new approach to imaging and characterizing tissue structures based on the use of shear acoustic waves remotely induced by the radiation force of a focused ultrasonic beam. SWEI provides the physician with a virtual "finger" to probe the elasticity of the internal regions of the body. In SWEI, compared to other approaches in elasticity imaging, the induced strain in the tissue can be highly localized, because the remotely induced shear waves are attenuated fully within a very limited area of tissue in the vicinity of the focal point of a focused ultrasound beam. SWEI may add a new quality to conventional ultrasonic imaging or magnetic resonance imaging. Adding shear elasticity data ("palpation information") by superimposing color-coded elasticity data over ultrasonic or magnetic resonance images may enable better differentiation of tissues and further enhance diagnosis. This article presents a physical and mathematical basis of SWEI with some experimental results of pilot studies proving feasibility of this new ultrasonic technology. A theoretical model of shear oscillations in soft biological tissue remotely induced by the radiation force of focused ultrasound is described. Experimental studies based on optical and magnetic resonance imaging detection of these shear waves are presented. Recorded spatial and temporal profiles of propagating shear waves fully confirm the results of mathematical modeling. Finally, the safety of the SWEI method is discussed, and it is shown that typical ultrasonic exposure of SWEI is significantly below the threshold of damaging effects of focused ultrasound.
TL;DR: Pulsed wave time-reversal focusing is shown using reciprocity valid in inhomogeneous medium to be optimal in the sense that it realizes the spatial-temporal matched filter to the inhomogeneity propagation transfer function between the array and the target.
Abstract: Time reversal of ultrasonic fields represents a way to focus through an inhomogeneous medium. This may be accomplished by a time-reversal mirror (TRM) made from an array of transmit-receive transducers that respond linearly and allow the incident acoustic pressure to be sampled. The pressure field is then time-reversed and re-emitted. This process can be used to focus through inhomogeneous media on a reflective target that behaves as an acoustic source after being insonified. The time-reversal approach is introduced in a discussion of the classical techniques used for focusing pulsed waves through inhomogeneous media (adaptive time-delay techniques). Pulsed wave time-reversal focusing is shown using reciprocity valid in inhomogeneous medium to be optimal in the sense that it realizes the spatial-temporal matched filter to the inhomogeneous propagation transfer function between the array and the target. The research on time-reversed wave fields has also led to the development of new concepts that are described: time-reversal cavity that extends the concept of the TRM, and iterative time-reversal processing for automatic sorting of targets according to their reflectivity and resonating of extended targets. >
01 Jan 1959-