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Topic

Unsupervised learning

About: Unsupervised learning is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 22790 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1015539 citation(s). The topic is also known as: unsupervised machine learning.

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Papers
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Open accessBook
Vladimir Vapnik1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1995-
Abstract: Setting of the learning problem consistency of learning processes bounds on the rate of convergence of learning processes controlling the generalization ability of learning processes constructing learning algorithms what is important in learning theory?.

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38,164 Citations


Open accessJournal Article
Abstract: Scikit-learn is a Python module integrating a wide range of state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms for medium-scale supervised and unsupervised problems. This package focuses on bringing machine learning to non-specialists using a general-purpose high-level language. Emphasis is put on ease of use, performance, documentation, and API consistency. It has minimal dependencies and is distributed under the simplified BSD license, encouraging its use in both academic and commercial settings. Source code, binaries, and documentation can be downloaded from http://scikit-learn.sourceforge.net.

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33,540 Citations


Open accessBook
Richard S. Sutton1, Andrew G. BartoInstitutions (1)
01 Jan 1988-
Abstract: Reinforcement learning, one of the most active research areas in artificial intelligence, is a computational approach to learning whereby an agent tries to maximize the total amount of reward it receives when interacting with a complex, uncertain environment. In Reinforcement Learning, Richard Sutton and Andrew Barto provide a clear and simple account of the key ideas and algorithms of reinforcement learning. Their discussion ranges from the history of the field's intellectual foundations to the most recent developments and applications. The only necessary mathematical background is familiarity with elementary concepts of probability. The book is divided into three parts. Part I defines the reinforcement learning problem in terms of Markov decision processes. Part II provides basic solution methods: dynamic programming, Monte Carlo methods, and temporal-difference learning. Part III presents a unified view of the solution methods and incorporates artificial neural networks, eligibility traces, and planning; the two final chapters present case studies and consider the future of reinforcement learning.

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Topics: Learning classifier system (69%), Reinforcement learning (69%), Apprenticeship learning (65%) ...read more

32,257 Citations


Open accessBook
28 Jul 2013-
Abstract: During the past decade there has been an explosion in computation and information technology. With it have come vast amounts of data in a variety of fields such as medicine, biology, finance, and marketing. The challenge of understanding these data has led to the development of new tools in the field of statistics, and spawned new areas such as data mining, machine learning, and bioinformatics. Many of these tools have common underpinnings but are often expressed with different terminology. This book describes the important ideas in these areas in a common conceptual framework. While the approach is statistical, the emphasis is on concepts rather than mathematics. Many examples are given, with a liberal use of color graphics. It is a valuable resource for statisticians and anyone interested in data mining in science or industry. The book's coverage is broad, from supervised learning (prediction) to unsupervised learning. The many topics include neural networks, support vector machines, classification trees and boosting---the first comprehensive treatment of this topic in any book. This major new edition features many topics not covered in the original, including graphical models, random forests, ensemble methods, least angle regression and path algorithms for the lasso, non-negative matrix factorization, and spectral clustering. There is also a chapter on methods for ``wide'' data (p bigger than n), including multiple testing and false discovery rates. Trevor Hastie, Robert Tibshirani, and Jerome Friedman are professors of statistics at Stanford University. They are prominent researchers in this area: Hastie and Tibshirani developed generalized additive models and wrote a popular book of that title. Hastie co-developed much of the statistical modeling software and environment in R/S-PLUS and invented principal curves and surfaces. Tibshirani proposed the lasso and is co-author of the very successful An Introduction to the Bootstrap. Friedman is the co-inventor of many data-mining tools including CART, MARS, projection pursuit and gradient boosting.

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Topics: Least-angle regression (59%), Lasso (statistics) (55%), Ensemble learning (54%) ...read more

18,981 Citations


Open accessBook
01 Jan 2001-
Topics: Algorithmic learning theory (60%), Semi-supervised learning (55%), Ensemble learning (54%) ...read more

18,681 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202252
20212,036
20202,297
20191,914
20181,479
20171,305

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Nizar Bouguila

32 papers, 745 citations

Yoshua Bengio

28 papers, 29.3K citations

Witold Pedrycz

21 papers, 237 citations

Damminda Alahakoon

19 papers, 159 citations

Tao Xiang

18 papers, 1.9K citations

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