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Urinary incontinence

About: Urinary incontinence is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 25899 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 625549 citation(s). The topic is also known as: Bladder incontinence & Loss of bladder control. more


Open accessBook
01 Jan 1986-
Abstract: (Contents of Campbell's Urology 8e only listed) VOLUME 1 Part I. Anatomy Surgical Anatomy of the Retroperitoneum, Kidneys, and Ureters Anatomy of the Lower Urinary Tract and Male Genitalia Part II. Urologic Examination and Diagnostic Techniques Evaluation of the Urologic Patient: History, Physical Examination and Urinalysis Basic Instrumentation and Cystoscopy Urinary Tract Imaging - Basic Principles Part III. Physiology, Pathophysiology and Management of Upper Urinary Tract Diseases Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology Renovascular Hypertension and Ischemic Nephropathy Etiology, Pathogenesis, and Management of Renal Failure Basic Principles of Immunology in Urology Renal Transplantation Physiology and Pharmacology of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Pathophysiology of Urinary Tract Obstruction Management of Upper Urinary Tract Obstruction Part IV. Infections and Inflammations of the GU Tract Infections of the Urinary Trarct Prostatitis and Related Conditions Interstitial Cystitis and Related Disorders Sexually Transmitted Diseases Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Related Conditions Cutaneous Diseases of the Male External Genitalia Color Atlas of Cutaneous Diseases of the Male External Genitalia Tuberculosis and Parasitic Diseases of the Genitourinary System Fungal and Actinomycotic Infections of the Genitourinary System VOLUME 2 Part V. Voiding Function and Dysfunction Physiology and Pharmacology of the Bladder and Urethra Pathophysiology and Categorization of Voiding Dysfunction The Neurologic Evaluation Neuromuscular Dysfunction of the Lower Urinary Tract and Its Management Urinary Incontinence: Pathophysiology, Evaluation, and Management Overview Postprostatectomy Incontinence Urinary Incontinence: Nonsurgical Management Vaginal Reconstructive Surgery for Sphincteric Incontinence and Prolapse Retropublic Suspension Surgery for Female Incontinence Pubovaginal Slings Injection Therapy for Urinary Incontinence Implantation of the Artificial Genitourinary Sphincter Surgery for Vesicovaginal Fistula, Urethrovaginal Fistula and Urethral Diverticulum Geriatric Incontinence and Voiding Dysfunction Part VI. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia The Molecular Biology, Endocrinology, and Physiology of the Prostate and Seminal Vesicles Epidemiology, Etiology and Pathophysiology of BPH Natural History, Evaluation, and Nonsurgical Management of Benign Prostatis Hperplasia Minimally Invasive and Endoscopic Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Retropublic and Suprapubic Open Prostatectomy Part VII. Reproductive Function and Dysfunction Male Reproductive Physiology Male Infertility Surgical Management of Male Infertility and Other Scrotal Disorders Part VIII. Sexual Function and Dysfunction Physiology of Penile Erection and Pathophysiology of Erectile Dysfunction and Priapism Pathophysiology, Evaluation and Non-Surgical Management of Erectile Dysfunction and Priapism Surgery for Erectile Dysfunction Female Sexual Function and Dysfunction VOLUME 3 Part IX. Pediatric Urology Normal and Anomalous Development of the Urogenital System Renal Function in the Fetus, Neonate, and Child Perinatal Urology Evaluation of the Pediatric Urologic Patient Renal Disease in Childhood Urinary Tract Infections in Infants and Children Anomalies of the Upper Urinary Tract Renal Dysgenesis and Cystic Disease of the Kidney Anaomalies and Surgery of the Uteropelvic Junction in Children Ectopic Ureter, Ureterocele, and Other Anomalies of the Ureter Vesicoureteral Reflux and Megaureter Prune-Belly Syndrome Exstrophy, Epispadias, and Other Bladder Anomalies Surgical Technique for One-Stage Reconstruction of the Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex Posterior Urethral Valves and Other Urethral Anamalies Voiding Dysfunction in Children-Neurogenic and Non-neurogenic Hypospadias Abnormalities of the Genitalia in Boys and Their Surgical Management Abnormalities of the Testes and Scrotum and Their Surgical Management Sexual Differentiation: Normal and Abnormal Surgical Management of Intersexuality, Cloacal Malformations, and Other Abnormalities of the Genitalia in Girls Pediatric Urologic Oncology Urinary Tract Reconstruction in Children Pediatric Endourology and Laparoscopy Tissue Engineering Perspectives for Reconstructive Surgery VOLUME 4 Part X. Oncology Molecular Genetics and Cancer Biology Renal Tumors Urothelial Tumors: Etiology, Natural History, Pathology, Detection and Staging Management of Superficial Bladder Cancer Management of Invasive and Metastatic Bladder Cancer Surgery of Bladder Cancer Management of Urothelial Tumors of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Neoplasms of the Testis Surgery of Testicular Tumors Tumors of the Penis Surgery of Penile and Urethral Carcinoma Part XI. Carcinoma of the Prostate Epidemiology, Etiology, and Prevention of Prostate Cancer Pathology of Prostatic Neoplasia Ultrasonography and Biopsy of the Prostate Diagnosis and Staging of Prostate Cancer Radical Prostatectomy Anatomic Radial Retropubic Prostatectomy Radical Perineal Prostatectomy Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Cryotherapy for Prostate Cancer Hormonal Therapy of Prostate Cancer Chemotherapy for Hormone-Resistant Prostate Cancer Part XII. Urinary Lithiasis and Endourology Urinary Lithiasis: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Medical Management Ureteroscopy and Retrograde Ureteral Access Percutaneous Approaches to the Upper Urinary Tract Surgical Management of Urinary Lithiasis Part XIII. Urologic Surgery Basics of Laparoscopic Urologic Surgery The Adrenals Surgery of the Kidney Laparoscopic Surgery of the Kidney Other Applications of Laparoscopic Surgery Genitourinary Trauma Use of Intestinal Segments and Urinary Diversion Cutaneous Continent Urinary Diversion Orthotopic Urinary Diversion Surgery of the Seminal Vesicles Surgery of the Penis and Urethra more

Topics: Urinary tract obstruction (66%), Ectopic ureter (64%), Upper urinary tract (62%) more

3,519 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0029-7844(97)00058-6
Abstract: Objective To determine the incidence of surgically managed pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence in a population-based cohort, and to describe their clinical characteristics. Methods Our retrospective cohort study included all patients undergoing surgical treatment for prolapse and incontinence during 1995; all were members of Kaiser Permanente Northwest, which included 149,554 women age 20 or older. A standardized data-collection form was used to review all inpatient and outpatient charts of the 395 women identified. Variables examined included age, ethnicity, height, weight, vaginal parity, smoking history, medical history, and surgical history, including the preoperative evaluation, procedure performed, and details of all prior procedures. Analysis included calculation of age-specific and cumulative incidences and determination of the number of primary operations compared with repeat operations performed for prolapse or incontinence. Results The age-specific incidence increased with advancing age. The lifetime risk of undergoing a single operation for prolapse or incontinence by age 80 was 11.1%. Most patients were older, postmenopausal, parous, and overweight. Nearly half were current or former smokers and one-fifth had chronic lung disease. Reoperation was common (29.2% of cases), and the time intervals between repeat procedures decreased with each successive repair. Conclusion Pelvic floor dysfunction is a major health issue for older women, as shown by the 11.1% lifetime risk of undergoing a single operation for pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence, as well as the large proportion of reoperations. Our results warrant further epidemiologic research in order to determine the etiology, natural history, and long-term treatment outcomes of these conditions. more

Topics: Uterine prolapse (66%), Pelvic floor dysfunction (65%), Urinary incontinence (65%) more

2,920 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.EURURO.2006.09.019
Debra E. Irwin1, Ian Milsom2, Steinar Hunskaar3, Kate Reilly4  +7 moreInstitutions (9)
01 Dec 2006-European Urology
Abstract: Objective Estimate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI), overactive bladder (OAB), and other lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) among men and women in five countries using the 2002 International Continence Society (ICS) definitions. Methods This population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted between April and December 2005 in Canada, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and the United Kingdom using computer-assisted telephone interviews. A random sample of men and women aged ≥ 18 yr residing in the five countries and who were representative of the general populations in these countries was selected. Using 2002 ICS definitions, the prevalence estimates of storage, voiding, and postmicturition LUTS were calculated. Data were stratified by country, age cohort, and gender. Results A total of 19,165 individuals agreed to participate; 64.3% reported at least one LUTS. Nocturia was the most prevalent LUTS (men, 48.6%; women, 54.5%). The prevalence of storage LUTS (men, 51.3%; women, 59.2%) was greater than that for voiding (men, 25.7%; women, 19.5%) and postmicturition (men, 16.9%; women, 14.2%) symptoms combined. The overall prevalence of OAB was 11.8%; rates were similar in men and women and increased with age. OAB was more prevalent than all types of UI combined (9.4%). Conclusions The EPIC study is the largest population-based survey to assess prevalence rates of OAB, UI, and other LUTS in five countries. To date, this is the first study to evaluate these symptoms simultaneously using the 2002 ICS definitions. The results indicate that these symptoms are highly prevalent in the countries surveyed. more

Topics: Lower urinary tract symptoms (59%), Overactive bladder (53%), Nocturia (52%) more

2,051 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/BF01902378
Ulf Ulmsten1, L. Henriksson1, P. Johnson1, G. Varhos1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The object was to study prospectively the results of a modified intravaginal slingplasty for the surgical treatment of female stress incontinence, carried out under local anesthesia as a day procedure. Seventy five patients with genuine stress incontinence were operated upon and followed for a 2-year period. All patients were diagnosed urodynamically to have genuine stress incontinence. Pad tests and quality of life assessments were carried out in all patients both pre- and postoperatively. There were no intra- or postoperative complications and 63 patients (84%) were completely cured throughout the 2-year follow-up period. Six patients (8%) were significantly improved, i.e. they did not loose urine apart from an occasional leakage during severe cold etc. In the remaining 6 patients (8%) no improvement was seen. These failures were obvious at the first postoperative check-up after 2 months. Thus, there were no relapses after 2 months. All but 5 patients were able to void properly directly after surgery. These 5 needed an indwelling catheter during the night directly after the operation. All 75 patients were released from the hospital the same day or the day after surgery without catheterization. Mean sick leave was 10 days and mean operation time 22 minutes. No defect healing or rejection of the sling occurred. It is concluded that the procedure described is a promising new technique for the surgical treatment of female stress incontinence. Prospective long-term studies including more patients are in progress to establish the definitive place of this technique in the clinical routine. more

1,732 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1067/MOB.2002.125704
Paul Abrams1, Linda Cardozo1, Magnus Fall1, Derek Griffiths1  +5 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: The standardisation of terminology of lower urinary tract function: Report from the standardistation sub-committee of the International Continence Society. more

1,515 Citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Holly E. Richter

151 papers, 10.2K citations

Linda Cardozo

136 papers, 7.5K citations

Linda Brubaker

130 papers, 8.7K citations

Roger R. Dmochowski

124 papers, 5.8K citations

Kathryn L. Burgio

107 papers, 9.7K citations

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