About: Uterine Fistula is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 131 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 931 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jun 1995-Human Reproduction
TL;DR: A 31 year old patient presenting with primary infertility underwent an operative laparoscopy for the treatment of bilateral hydrosalpinges, during which a myomectomy was also performed, which revealed a uterine rupture at the site of the previous myomextomy scar.
Abstract: A 31 year old patient presenting with primary infertility underwent an operative laparoscopy for the treatment of bilateral hydrosalpinges, during which a myomectomy was also performed. The uterus was repaired using interrupted sutures. At follow-up laparoscopy seven weeks later, a uterine fistula was diagnosed and was oversewn using a single 'figure of eight' suture. One year later the patient became pregnant through in-vitro fertilization. At 34 weeks gestation, she required an emergency laparotomy for acute abdominal pain and the presence of fetal bradycardia. The operative findings revealed a uterine rupture at the site of the previous myomectomy scar. This was then enlarged with a scalpel and a live baby was delivered. The uterus was repaired in two layers. The postoperative period for both mother and baby was satisfactory. This complication raises the problem of the quality of uterine repair following laparoscopic myomectomy, together with the question of how to prevent this type of life-threatening situation.
TL;DR: Nine cases of vesico-uterine fistula caused by injury to the bladder at Caesarean section or by rupture of the uterus and bladder following obstructed labour are described.
Abstract: Summary— Nine cases of vesico-uterine fistula caused by injury to the bladder at Caesarean section or by rupture of the uterus and bladder following obstructed labour are described. Symptoms depend on the level of the lesion, menstruation into the bladder and menouria occurring when the fistula is above the internal cervical os: whatever the level, most patients with vesico-uterine fistula present with incontinence of urine. A transperitoneal approach appears to give better results than a transvesical repair.
01 Apr 2005-Tropical Doctor
TL;DR: There is preference of dry sex in Malawi and a much-lubricated condom is likely to be unacceptable to those preferring drier sex and a significant number of people who would have used them may be prevented for using the condoms.
Abstract: protected ‘as clients often try to remove or even tear male condoms during sex.’ I believe this practice of removing or tearing the condom stems from the fact that some Malawian men (and women perhaps) believe that for sexual intercourse to be meaningful (an intimate social experience), there must be sharing of body fluids. Contact between mucosa to mucosa (nyama kwa nyama) is preferred and considered superior sex. Anything less than that is counterfeit. The female condom, despite being used in pilot studies and registering high acceptability rates, has not been widely accessible to the majority of the population as compared to the male condom. There were reports, as early as 1997, that UNAIDS wanted to improve the availability of the female condom in developing countries and now, almost a decade later, there seems not much progress has been made. Among the many reasons as to why the female condoms have not been readily available is the financial cost, as the female condom may cost up to 10 times as much as the male condom. The male condom continues to be sold at subsidized costs through social marketing efforts and is distributed for free to sexually transmitted infection (STI) and family planning clients in Malawi. The female condom on the other hand does not get that much attention. One of the reasons given for the lackluster promotion by social marketing organizations is that considering the gender power imbalances between men and women, it is the man who most often decides when and whether sexual intercourse is going to occur and whether a condom is going to be used or not. Promoting the male condom therefore makes much more sense than promoting the female condom, as it is deemed that the male condom target is the decisionmaker (man). Although the proportion of CSWs who perceived the female condom as unacceptable was rather small (2%), it is important that impaired sensation was mentioned as reason for unacceptability. Perception of diminished pleasure has also been mentioned as reasons for not using condoms in Indonesia. There are at least two points that can be said about this. There is some line of thought that CSWs do not mind whether sex is pleasurable or not. This thinking may not be always correct. The second idea is that if condoms (be they male or female) reduce sensation, it is possible that a significant number of people who would have used them may be prevented for using the condoms. As for CSWs, they risk losing clients and they are unlikely to accept such costs. While the perceived impairment of sensation by condoms has been mentioned in many studies, it seems there has not been a concerted effort to address this problem. For instance, while most of the condoms being promoted by social marketing organizations are the cheap ones (and although efficacious in preventing STIs), they may not be the most sexually sensitive ones. On the commercial market, there are condoms with a different thickness of latex, with ribs, with studs and other properties that could be made available widely also in order to deal with this problem of reduced ‘sweetness’ of the ‘conventional’ low-cost condoms. Yes, we may need to spend more. But we are becoming more ready to spend or ask for funding on antiretrovirals. I agree with the authors that there is preference of dry sex (as usual, for some) in Malawi and a much-lubricated condom is likely to be unacceptable to those preferring drier sex. Studies in Zimbabwe have also documented this preference for dry sex. That some of the CSWs in the study re-used the same female condom on consecutive clients would not have worried me much, had the male clients used male condoms also. It is possible these males did not use (male) condoms and that is worrying and a minus for the female condom. While I have no data to substantiate my claim, the likelihood of re-using the male condom on consecutive clients is smaller, I think. Adamson SMuula MBBSMPH
TL;DR: Using unilateral uterine fistulas, the time required for spermatozoa to reach the end of the fistula after natural mating, artificial insemination (AI) in a normal standing posture (NP), and AI standing on the head (SH) was investigated in each of three stages of estrus.
Abstract: Using unilateral uterine fistulas, the time required for spermatozoa to reach the end of the fistula after natural mating, artificial insemination (AI) in a normal standing posture (NP), and AI standing on the head (SH) was investigated in each of three stages of estrus. Conceptivity in these bitches was also investigated. Five experimental bitches were tested during a total of 8 estrous periods. The results are as follows; the time required for spermatozoa to reach the end of the fistula was almost the same in the early and middle stages, i.e., 30 sec to 1 min after natural mating and SH and less than 2 min for half the bitches in NP, although no intrauterine transport could be observed in the other half. In most cases of mating during the late stage no spermatozoa were found after any of the 3 methods of insemination. Five animals became pregnant in these experiments, but the other three failed to conceive. The implantation of fertilized ova occurred also in the fistulated uterine horn in all cases of pregnancy.
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