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Utilization rate

About: Utilization rate is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 717 publications have been published within this topic receiving 5935 citations.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper proposes the concept of gradual utilization to promote the effective utilization of steel slag in China, which has a gap in its usage in road construction and agriculture.

409 citations

ReportDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the role of variable capital utilization rates in propagating shocks over the business cycle was analyzed and an equilibrium business cycle model was formulated in which cyclical capital utilization rate was viewed as a form of factor hoarding.
Abstract: This paper analyzes the role of variable capital utilization rates in propagating shocks over the business cycle. To this end we formulate and estimate an equilibrium business cycle model in which cyclical capital utilization rates are viewed as a form of factor hoarding. We find that variable capital utilization rates substantially magnify and propagate the impact of shocks to agents' environments. The strength of these propagation effects is evident in the dynamic response functions of various economy wide aggregates to shocks in agents' environments, in the statistics that we construct to summarize the strength of the propagation mechanisms in the model and in the volatility of exogenous technology shocks needed to explain the observed variability in aggregate U.S. output. Other authors have argued that standard Real Business Cycle (RBC) models fail to account for certain features of the data because they do not embody quantitatively important propagation mechanisms. These features include the observed positive serial correlation in the growth rate of output, the shape of the spectrum of the growth rate of real output and the correlation between the forecastable component of real output and various other economic aggregates. Allowing for variable capital utilization rates substantially improves the ability of the model to account for these features of the data.

322 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A significant and strong correlation of GDP, health expenditures and obesity prevalence with utilization of knee arthroplasty was found, and patients aged 64 years and younger show a two-fold higher growth rate in knee ar Throplasty compared to the older population.

229 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 May 2006-Chest
TL;DR: The utilization rates for NPPV vary enormously among different acute care hospitals within the same region, and the perceived reasons for lower utilization rates include lack of physician knowledge, insufficient respiratory therapist training, and inadequate equipment.

176 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Male general practitioners, and physicians graduating from the most recently established medical school in the province, had higher rates of new drug utilization, whereas recent graduation was only associated with higher utilization rates among specialists.
Abstract: Background Prescription of new drugs contributes to substantial increases in annual drug expenditures. A small proportion of physicians appear to be early users of new prescription drugs and little is known about their characteristics. Objective To estimate the initial utilization rate of new prescription drugs among physicians, and the physician and practice characteristics associated with early use. Design Cumulative prospective assessment over a 5 year period (1989-1994) of new drug utilization rates in a randomly selected cohort of Quebec physicians. Participants 1661 physicians and 669,867 elderly patients. Outcome Prescribing rate of 20 new drugs, in 6 therapeutic categories, to elderly patients in the first 6 months after inclusion in the Quebec formulary. Results The 20 new drugs were prescribed by 1.3-22.3% of physicians, and there was an 8 to 17-fold difference in new drug utilization rates among prescribers. Characteristics associated with higher rates of utilization differed for general practitioners and specialists. Male general practitioners, and physicians graduating from the most recently established medical school in the province, had higher rates of new drug utilization, whereas recent graduation was only associated with higher utilization rates among specialists. Practice volume was associated with higher rates of utilization among GPs. For both GPs and specialists, having a high proportion of elderly in one's practice and a rural or remote practice location was associated with lower utilization rates. Conclusions Physician sex, specialty, medical school, years since graduation, practice location, volume, and relative proportion of elderly in the physician's practice influence the utilization of new drugs.

136 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20221
202137
202058
201957
201838
201752