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Valence (psychology)

About: Valence (psychology) is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4362 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 204926 citation(s). The topic is also known as: emotional valence & psychological valence. more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.56.3.218
Barbara L. Fredrickson1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In this article, the author describes a new theoretical perspective on positive emotions and situates this new perspective within the emerging field of positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory posits that experiences of positive emotions broaden people's momentary thought-action repertoires, which in turn serves to build their enduring personal resources, ranging from physical and intellectual resources to social and psychological resources. Preliminary empirical evidence supporting the broaden-and-build theory is reviewed, and open empirical questions that remain to be tested are identified. The theory and findings suggest that the capacity to experience positive emotions may be a fundamental human strength central to the study of human flourishing. more

Topics: Flourishing (66%), Savoring (66%), Broaden-and-build (65%) more

8,086 Citations

Open accessBook
29 Jul 1988-
Abstract: 1. Introduction The study of emotion Types of evidence for theories of emotion Some goals for a cognitive theory of emotion 2. Structure of the theory The organisation of emotion types Basic emotions Some implications of the emotions-as-valenced-reactions claim 3. The cognitive psychology of appraisal The appraisal structure Central intensity variables 4. The intensity of emotions Global variables Local variables Variable-values, variable-weights, and emotion thresholds 5. Reactions to events: I. The well-being emotions Loss emotions and fine-grained analyses The fortunes-of-others emotions Self-pity and related states 6. Reactions to events: II. The prospect-based emotions Shock and pleasant surprise Some interrelationships between prospect-based emotions Suspense, resignation, hopelessness, and other related states 7. Reactions to agents The attribution emotions Gratitude, anger, and some other compound emotions 8. Reactions to objects The attraction emotions Fine-grained analyses and emotion sequences 9. The boundaries of the theory Emotion words and cross-cultural issues Emotion experiences and unconscious emotions Coping and the function of emotions Computational tractability. more

Topics: Emotion classification (71%), Emotional contagion (66%), Affective science (64%) more

4,790 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/1089-2680.2.3.300
Barbara L. Fredrickson1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This article opens by noting that positive emotions do not fit existing models of emotions. Consequently, a new model is advanced to describe the form and function of a subset of positive emotions, including joy, interest, contentment, and love. This new model posits that these positive emotions serve to broaden an individual's momentary thought-action repertoire, which in turn has the effect of building that individual's physical, intellectual, and social resources. Empirical evidence to support this broadenand-build model of positive emotions is reviewed, and implications for emotion regulation and health promotion are discussed. Even though research on emotions has this new perspective are featured. My hope is flourished in recent years, investigations that that this article will unlock scientific curiosity expressly target positive emotions remain few and far between. Any review of the psychological literature on emotions will show that psychologists have typically favored negative emotions in theory building and hypothesis testing. In so doing, psychologists have inadvertently marginalized the emotions, such as joy, about positive emotions, not only to test the ideas presented here, but also to build other new models that might illuminate the nature and value of positive emotions. Psychology sorely needs more studies on positive emotions, not simply to level the uneven knowledge bases between negative and positive emotions, but interest, contentment, and love, that share a more critically, to guide applications and pleasant subjective feel. To date, then, psychology's knowledge base regarding positive emotions is so thin that satisfying answers to the question "What good are positive emotions?" have yet to be articulated. This is unfortunate. Experiences of positive emotion are central to human nature and contribute richly to the quality of people's lives (Diener & Larsen, more

Topics: Savoring (69%), Broaden-and-build (67%), Valence (psychology) (65%) more

4,739 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1469-8986.1993.TB03352.X
01 May 1993-Psychophysiology
Abstract: Colored photographic pictures that varied widely across the affective dimensions of valence (pleasant-unpleasant) and arousal (excited-calm) were each viewed for a 6-s period while facial electromyographic (zygomatic and corrugator muscle activity) and visceral (heart rate and skin conductance) reactions were measured. Judgments relating to pleasure, arousal, interest, and emotional state were measured, as was choice viewing time. Significant covariation was obtained between (a) facial expression and affective valence judgments and (b) skin conductance magnitude and arousal ratings. Interest ratings and viewing time were also associated with arousal. Although differences due to the subject's gender and cognitive style were obtained, affective responses were largely independent of the personality factors investigated. Response specificity, particularly facial expressiveness, supported the view that specific affects have unique patterns of reactivity. The consistency of the dimensional relationships between evaluative judgments (i.e., pleasure and arousal) and physiological response, however, emphasizes that emotion is fundamentally organized by these motivational parameters. more

2,913 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1891/0889-8391.15.4.383
Abstract: Contemporary Issues and Historical Perspectives. The Normative Development of Self-representations during Childhood. The Normative Development of Self-representations during Adolescence. The Developmental Emergence of Self-conscious Emotions. The Content, Valence, and Organization of Self-evaluative Judgments. Discrepancies between Real and Ideal Self-concepts. Social Sources of Individual Differences in Self-evaluation. A Model of the Causes, Correlates, and Consequences of Global Self-worth. The Authenticity of the Self. The Effects of Child Abuse on I-self and Me-self Processes. Autonomy and Connectedness as Dimensions of the Self. Interventions to Promote Adaptive Self-evaluations. more

Topics: Child abuse (57%), Normative (55%), Self (54%) more

2,511 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Russell H. Fazio

11 papers, 207 citations

Eddie Harmon-Jones

10 papers, 2.2K citations

Klaus R. Scherer

10 papers, 1.4K citations

Paul Pauli

9 papers, 528 citations

Daniel Casasanto

9 papers, 1.3K citations

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