scispace - formally typeset
Topic

Virtual machine

About: Virtual machine is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 43956 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 718347 citation(s). The topic is also known as: VM.

...read more

Papers
More filters

Journal ArticleDOI
R. K. Shyamasundar1Institutions (1)
01 Sep 1996-Resonance
Abstract: The primary purpose of a programming language is to assist the programmer in the practice of her art. Each language is either designed for a class of problems or supports a different style of programming. In other words, a programming language turns the computer into a ‘virtual machine’ whose features and capabilities are unlimited. In this article, we illustrate these aspects through a language similar tologo. Programs are developed to draw geometric pictures using this language.

...read more

5,749 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Rajkumar Buyya1, Chee Shin Yeo1, Srikumar Venugopal1, James Broberg1  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
TL;DR: This paper defines Cloud computing and provides the architecture for creating Clouds with market-oriented resource allocation by leveraging technologies such as Virtual Machines (VMs), and provides insights on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven service management and computational risk management to sustain Service Level Agreement (SLA) oriented resource allocation.

...read more

Abstract: With the significant advances in Information and Communications Technology (ICT) over the last half century, there is an increasingly perceived vision that computing will one day be the 5th utility (after water, electricity, gas, and telephony). This computing utility, like all other four existing utilities, will provide the basic level of computing service that is considered essential to meet the everyday needs of the general community. To deliver this vision, a number of computing paradigms have been proposed, of which the latest one is known as Cloud computing. Hence, in this paper, we define Cloud computing and provide the architecture for creating Clouds with market-oriented resource allocation by leveraging technologies such as Virtual Machines (VMs). We also provide insights on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven service management and computational risk management to sustain Service Level Agreement (SLA)-oriented resource allocation. In addition, we reveal our early thoughts on interconnecting Clouds for dynamically creating global Cloud exchanges and markets. Then, we present some representative Cloud platforms, especially those developed in industries, along with our current work towards realizing market-oriented resource allocation of Clouds as realized in Aneka enterprise Cloud technology. Furthermore, we highlight the difference between High Performance Computing (HPC) workload and Internet-based services workload. We also describe a meta-negotiation infrastructure to establish global Cloud exchanges and markets, and illustrate a case study of harnessing 'Storage Clouds' for high performance content delivery. Finally, we conclude with the need for convergence of competing IT paradigms to deliver our 21st century vision.

...read more

5,544 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The result of this case study proves that the federated Cloud computing model significantly improves the application QoS requirements under fluctuating resource and service demand patterns.

...read more

Abstract: Cloud computing is a recent advancement wherein IT infrastructure and applications are provided as ‘services’ to end-users under a usage-based payment model. It can leverage virtualized services even on the fly based on requirements (workload patterns and QoS) varying with time. The application services hosted under Cloud computing model have complex provisioning, composition, configuration, and deployment requirements. Evaluating the performance of Cloud provisioning policies, application workload models, and resources performance models in a repeatable manner under varying system and user configurations and requirements is difficult to achieve. To overcome this challenge, we propose CloudSim: an extensible simulation toolkit that enables modeling and simulation of Cloud computing systems and application provisioning environments. The CloudSim toolkit supports both system and behavior modeling of Cloud system components such as data centers, virtual machines (VMs) and resource provisioning policies. It implements generic application provisioning techniques that can be extended with ease and limited effort. Currently, it supports modeling and simulation of Cloud computing environments consisting of both single and inter-networked clouds (federation of clouds). Moreover, it exposes custom interfaces for implementing policies and provisioning techniques for allocation of VMs under inter-networked Cloud computing scenarios. Several researchers from organizations, such as HP Labs in U.S.A., are using CloudSim in their investigation on Cloud resource provisioning and energy-efficient management of data center resources. The usefulness of CloudSim is demonstrated by a case study involving dynamic provisioning of application services in the hybrid federated clouds environment. The result of this case study proves that the federated Cloud computing model significantly improves the application QoS requirements under fluctuating resource and service demand patterns. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

...read more

4,079 citations


Book
Adele E. Goldberg1, David Robson1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1983-
TL;DR: This book is the first detailed account of the Smalltalk-80 system and is divided into four major parts: an overview of the concepts and syntax of the programming language, a specification of the system's functionality, and an example of the design and implementation of a moderate-size application.

...read more

Abstract: From the Preface (See Front Matter for full Preface) Advances in the design and production of computer hardware have brought many more people into direct contact with computers. Similar advances in the design and production of computer software are required in order that this increased contact be as rewarding as possible. The Smalltalk-80 system is a result of a decade of research into creating computer software that is appropriate for producing highly functional and interactive contact with personal computer systems. This book is the first detailed account of the Smalltalk-80 system. It is divided into four major parts: Part One -- an overview of the concepts and syntax of the programming language. Part Two -- an annotated and illustrated specification of the system's functionality. Part Three -- an example of the design and implementation of a moderate-size application. Part Four -- a specification of the Smalltalk-80 virtual machine.

...read more

3,856 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
Hirokazu Kato1, Mark Billinghurst2Institutions (2)
20 Oct 1999-
TL;DR: An augmented reality conferencing system which uses the overlay of virtual images on the real world using fast and accurate computer vision techniques and head mounted display (HMD) calibration is described.

...read more

Abstract: We describe an augmented reality conferencing system which uses the overlay of virtual images on the real world. Remote collaborators are represented on virtual monitors which can be freely positioned about a user in space. Users can collaboratively view and interact with virtual objects using a shared virtual whiteboard. This is possible through precise virtual image registration using fast and accurate computer vision techniques and head mounted display (HMD) calibration. We propose a method for tracking fiducial markers and a calibration method for optical see-through HMD based on the marker tracking.

...read more

2,413 citations


10


Network Information
Related Topics (5)
Middleware

13.8K papers, 206.4K citations

92% related
Load balancing (computing)

27.3K papers, 415.5K citations

91% related
Mobile computing

51.3K papers, 1M citations

90% related
Server

79.5K papers, 1.4M citations

90% related
Mobile device

58.6K papers, 942.8K citations

90% related
Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202221
20211,088
20201,977
20192,618
20182,957
20173,022

Top Attributes

Show by:

Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Michael Tsirkin

158 papers, 980 citations

Yang Song

142 papers, 708 citations

Hai Jin

130 papers, 3.1K citations

Ji Tongkai

101 papers, 588 citations

Mo Zhanpeng

55 papers, 414 citations