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Vortex-induced vibration

About: Vortex-induced vibration is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2991 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 40602 citation(s).

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Abstract: This review summarizes fundamental results and discoveries concerning vortex-induced vibration (VIV), that have been made over the last two decades, many of which are related to the push to explore very low mass and damping, and to new computational and experimental techniques that were hitherto not available. We bring together new concepts and phenomena generic to VIV systems, and pay special attention to the vortex dynamics and energy transfer that give rise to modes of vibration, the importance of mass and damping, the concept of a critical mass, the relationship between force and vorticity, and the concept of "effective elasticity," among other points. We present new vortex wake modes, generally in the framework of a map of vortex modes compiled from forced vibration studies, some of which cause free vibration. Some discussion focuses on topics of current debate, such as the decomposition of force, the relevance of the paradigm flow of an elastically mounted cylinder to more complex systems, and the relationship between forced and free vibration.

1,619 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: When placed ih a fluid stream, some bodies generate separated flow over a substantial proportion of their surface and hence can be classified as bluff. On sharp-edged bluff bodies, separation is fixed at the salient edges, whereas on bluff bodies with continuous surface curvature the location of separation depends both on the shape of the body and the state of the boundary layer. At low Reynolds numbers, when separation first occurs, the flow around a bluff body remains stable, but as the Reynolds number is increased a critical value is reached beyond which instabilities develop. These instabilities can lead to organized unsteady wake motion, dis­ organized motion, or a combination of both. Regular vortex shedding, the subject of this article, is a dominant feature of two-dimensional bluff-body wakes and is present irrespective of whether the separating boundary layers are laminar or turbulent. It has been the subject of research for more than a century, and many hundreds of papers have been written. In recent years vortex shedding has been the topic of Euromech meetings reported on by Mair & Maull (1971) and Bearman & Graham (1980), and a comprehensive review has been undertaken by Berger & Wille (1972). Vortex shedding and general wake turbulence induce fluctuating pres­ sures on the surface of the generating bluff body, and if the body is flexible this can cause oscillations. Oscillations excited by vortex shedding are usually in a direction normal to that of the free stream, and amplitudes as large as 1.5 to 2 body diameters may be recorded. In addition to the generating body, any other bodies in its wake may be forced into oscillation. Broad-band force fluctuations, induced by turbulence produced in the flow around a bluff body, rarely lead to oscillations as severe as those caused by vortex shedding. Some form of aerodynamic instability, such that move-

1,104 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Experiments on the vortex-shedding frequencies of various rectangular cylinders were conducted in a wind tunnel and in a water tank. The results show how Strouhal number varies with a width-to-height ratio of the cylinders in the range of Reynolds number between 70 and 2 × l04. There is found to exist a certain range of Reynolds number for the cylinders with the width-to-height ratios of 2 and 3 where flow pattern abruptly changes with a sudden discontinuity in Strouhal number. The changes in flow pattern corresponding to the discontinuity of Strouhal number have been confirmed by means of measurements of velocity distribution and flow visualization. These data are compared with those of other investigators. The experimental results have been found to show a good agreement with those of numerical calculations.

810 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper reviews the literature on the mathematical models used to investigate vortex-induced vibration (VIV) of circular cylinders. Wake-oscillator models, single-degree-of-freedom, force–decomposition models, and other approaches are discussed in detail. Brief overviews are also given of numerical methods used in solving the fully coupled fluid–structure interaction problem and of key experimental studies highlighting the nature of VIV.

516 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Although there are a great many papers dedicated to the problem of a cylinder vibrating transverse to a fluid flow (, that one observes a rather dramatic departure from previous results, which would suggest a possible modification to offshore design codes.

485 citations

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