Web query classification
About: Web query classification is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 11987 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 339343 citation(s).
TL;DR: The task of multi-label classification is introduced, the sparse related literature is organizes into a structured presentation and comparative experimental results of certain multilabel classification methods are performed.
Abstract: Nowadays, multi-label classification methods are increasingly required by modern applications, such as protein function classification, music categorization and semantic scene classification. This paper introduces the task of multi-label classification, organizes the sparse related literature into a structured presentation and performs comparative experimental results of certain multi-label classification methods. It also contributes the definition of concepts for the quantification of the multi-label nature of a data set.
TL;DR: The main algorithms for color texture, shape and sketch query that are presented, show example query results, and discuss future directions are presented.
Abstract: In the query by image content (QBIC) project we are studying methods to query large on-line image databases using the images' content as the basis of the queries. Examples of the content we use include color, texture, and shape of image objects and regions. Potential applications include medical (`Give me other images that contain a tumor with a texture like this one'), photo-journalism (`Give me images that have blue at the top and red at the bottom'), and many others in art, fashion, cataloging, retailing, and industry. Key issues include derivation and computation of attributes of images and objects that provide useful query functionality, retrieval methods based on similarity as opposed to exact match, query by image example or user drawn image, the user interfaces, query refinement and navigation, high dimensional database indexing, and automatic and semi-automatic database population. We currently have a prototype system written in X/Motif and C running on an RS/6000 that allows a variety of queries, and a test database of over 1000 images and 1000 objects populated from commercially available photo clip art images. In this paper we present the main algorithms for color texture, shape and sketch query that we use, show example query results, and discuss future directions.© (1993) COPYRIGHT SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
07 May 2002-
TL;DR: A set of PageRank vectors are proposed, biased using a set of representative topics, to capture more accurately the notion of importance with respect to a particular topic, and are shown to generate more accurate rankings than with a single, generic PageRank vector.
Abstract: In the original PageRank algorithm for improving the ranking of search-query results, a single PageRank vector is computed, using the link structure of the Web, to capture the relative "importance" of Web pages, independent of any particular search query. To yield more accurate search results, we propose computing a set of PageRank vectors, biased using a set of representative topics, to capture more accurately the notion of importance with respect to a particular topic. By using these (precomputed) biased PageRank vectors to generate query-specific importance scores for pages at query time, we show that we can generate more accurate rankings than with a single, generic PageRank vector. For ordinary keyword search queries, we compute the topic-sensitive PageRank scores for pages satisfying the query using the topic of the query keywords. For searches done in context (e.g., when the search query is performed by highlighting words in a Web page), we compute the topic-sensitive PageRank scores using the topic of the context in which the query appeared.
01 Oct 2001-
TL;DR: This work proposes the use of a support vector machine active learning algorithm for conducting effective relevance feedback for image retrieval and achieves significantly higher search accuracy than traditional query refinement schemes after just three to four rounds of relevance feedback.
Abstract: Relevance feedback is often a critical component when designing image databases. With these databases it is difficult to specify queries directly and explicitly. Relevance feedback interactively determinines a user's desired output or query concept by asking the user whether certain proposed images are relevant or not. For a relevance feedback algorithm to be effective, it must grasp a user's query concept accurately and quickly, while also only asking the user to label a small number of images. We propose the use of a support vector machine active learning algorithm for conducting effective relevance feedback for image retrieval. The algorithm selects the most informative images to query a user and quickly learns a boundary that separates the images that satisfy the user's query concept from the rest of the dataset. Experimental results show that our algorithm achieves significantly higher search accuracy than traditional query refinement schemes after just three to four rounds of relevance feedback.
01 Oct 2007-Journal of Automated Reasoning
TL;DR: It is shown that, for the DLs of the DL-Lite family, the usual DL reasoning tasks are polynomial in the size of the TBox, and query answering is LogSpace in thesize of the ABox, which is the first result ofPolynomial-time data complexity for query answering over DL knowledge bases.
Abstract: We propose a new family of description logics (DLs), called DL-Lite, specifically tailored to capture basic ontology languages, while keeping low complexity of reasoning. Reasoning here means not only computing subsumption between concepts and checking satisfiability of the whole knowledge base, but also answering complex queries (in particular, unions of conjunctive queries) over the instance level (ABox) of the DL knowledge base. We show that, for the DLs of the DL-Lite family, the usual DL reasoning tasks are polynomial in the size of the TBox, and query answering is LogSpace in the size of the ABox (i.e., in data complexity). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first result of polynomial-time data complexity for query answering over DL knowledge bases. Notably our logics allow for a separation between TBox and ABox reasoning during query evaluation: the part of the process requiring TBox reasoning is independent of the ABox, and the part of the process requiring access to the ABox can be carried out by an SQL engine, thus taking advantage of the query optimization strategies provided by current database management systems. Since even slight extensions to the logics of the DL-Lite family make query answering at least NLogSpace in data complexity, thus ruling out the possibility of using on-the-shelf relational technology for query processing, we can conclude that the logics of the DL-Lite family are the maximal DLs supporting efficient query answering over large amounts of instances.