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Work–family conflict

About: Work–family conflict is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3201 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 140403 citation(s).

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An examination of the literature on conflict between work and family roles suggests that work-family conflict exists when time devoted to the requirements of one role makes it difficult to fulfill requirements of another.

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Abstract: An examination of the literature on conflict between work and family roles suggests that work-family conflict exists when: (a) time devoted to the requirements of one role makes it difficult to fulfill requirements of another; (b) strain from participation in one role makes it difficult to fulfill requirements of another; and (c) specific behaviors required by one role make it difficult to fulfill the requirements of another. A model of work-family conflict is proposed, and a series of research propositions is presented.

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6,015 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Researchers report on a 3-sample study that developed and validated short, self-report scales of work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC). Using conceptualizations consistent with the current literature, the researchers offer content domains and definitions of the constructs. Advocated procedures were used to develop the scales and test dimensionality and internal consistency. Estimates of construct validity are presented by relating the scales to 16 other on- and off-job constructs. Mean-level difference tests between WFC and FWC also provide evidence of validity.

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2,705 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Although the model was invariant across gender and race, there were differences across blue- and white-collar workers.

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Abstract: A comprehensive model of the work-family interface was developed and tested. The proposed model extended prior research by explicitly distinguishing between work interfering with family and family interfering with work. This distinction allowed testing of hypotheses concerning the unique antecedents and outcomes of both forms of work-family conflict and a reciprocal relationship between them. The influence of gender, race, and job type on the generalizability of the model was also examined. Data were obtained through household interviews with a random sample of 631 individuals. The model was tested with structural equation modeling techniques. Results were strongly supportive. In addition, although the model was invariant across gender and race, there were differences across blue- and white-collar workers. Implications for future research on the work-family interface are discussed.

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2,544 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Lillian T. Eby1, Wendy J. Casper2, Angie Lockwood1, Chris Bordeaux2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: This monograph reviews 190 work–family studies published in IO/OB journals from 1980 to 2002. The results of a content analysis are presented which catalog these articles with respect to the study focus, nature and direction of the proposed effects, and predictor, criterion, and mediator variables examined. Then a narrative review of the articles is presented, organized in terms of the following topical areas: (1) work–family conflict, (2) work role stress, (3) work–family assistance, (4) work schedules, (5) job-related relocation, (6) career and job-related outcomes, (7) gender and the relationship between work and family domains, (8) dual-earner couples, and (9) relationships among life domains. The review concludes with a discussion of recurring themes in the literature and the identification of blind spots in the IO/OB perspective on work and family. Specific suggestions for future research are also provided.

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1,795 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A comprehensive review of the outcomes associated with work-to-family conflict was conducted and effect sizes were estimated. Atypology was presented that grouped outcomes into 3 categories: work related, nonwork related, and stress related. Issues concerning the measurement of work-family conflict were also discussed. The results demonstrate the widespread and serious consequences associated with work-to-family conflict. On the basis of the results of the review, an agenda for future research was provided.

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1,758 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20225
2021268
2020272
2019207
2018206
2017225

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Tammy D. Allen

25 papers, 6.9K citations

Osman M. Karatepe

20 papers, 2.1K citations

Eric G. Lambert

19 papers, 667 citations

Leslie B. Hammer

18 papers, 2.1K citations

Jeffrey H. Greenhaus

15 papers, 10K citations