About: Wound dehiscence is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2956 publications have been published within this topic receiving 49213 citations. The topic is also known as: surgical wound dehiscence & anastomotic leakage.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Liver function studies showed the absence of hepatic deterioration and liver biopsies showed improvement of liver morphology 1 year after the operation, and it is suggested that this procedure may be an alternative to jejuno‐ileal bypass in the management of obesity.
Abstract: After a successful trial of bilio-pancreatic bypass in dogs, a clinical study has been completed in 18 patients followed for more than 1 year. The operation has been modified to achieve the best weight reduction, and forming the bilio-pancreatic tract of equal length to the alimentary tract with a short common ileal tract, the average weight loss as a percentage of the preoperative body weight was 24.1 +/- 5.4 per cent (mean +/- s.d.) at 6 months and 33.7 +/- 4.1 per cent at 12 months. The only immediate complication was a wound dehiscence, and there were no late complications. Liver function studies showed the absence of hepatic deterioration and liver biopsies showed improvement of liver morphology 1 year after the operation. It is suggested that this procedure may be an alternative to jejuno-ileal bypass in the management of obesity.
TL;DR: The results of this study show that operative treatment of complex intraarticular fractures of the distal tibia remain fraught with difficulty and that the complication rates and need for further reconstructive surgery remains high.
Abstract: In a retrospective study, 58 patients with 60 tibial plafond fractures were treated by internal fixation and reviewed over an average follow-up period of 2.5 years. There were three Reudi Type I, 27 Reudi Type II, and 30 Reudi Type III fractures. Twelve fractures were open, and 60% of the fractures were the result of high-energy trauma. Results were evaluated based on a subjective and objective rating system. There were 15 good and excellent (25%), 15 fair (25%), and 30 poor results (50%). The deep infection rate in Reudi Types I and II fractures was 0%, and in Type III fractures it was 37%. The deep infection rate statistically correlated with the presence of a postoperative wound dehiscence or skin slough but not with the presence of an open fracture. Overall clinical rating correlated with the Reudi classification, quality of reduction, and the presence of a postoperative wound infection. The ankle fusion rate for Reudi Types I and II fractures was 10%, whereas that in Reudi Type III fractures was 26%. The results of this study show that operative treatment of complex intraarticular fractures of the distal tibia remain fraught with difficulty and that the complication rates and need for further reconstructive surgery remains high. If anatomic reduction without soft-tissue complications cannot be predicted preoperatively, consideration should be given to alternative types of treatment.
TL;DR: Various randomized studies have evaluated techniques of abdominal fascia closure but controversy remains, leaving surgeons uncertain about the optimal method of preventing incisional hernia.
Abstract: Background: Various randomized studies have evaluated techniques of abdominal fascia closure but controversy remains, leaving surgeons uncertain about the optimal method of preventing incisional hernia. Method: Medline and Embase databases were searched. All trials with a follow-up of at least 1 year that randomized patients with midline laparotomies to closure of the fascia by different suture techniques and/or suture materials were subjected to meta-analysis. Primary outcome was incisional hernia; secondary outcomes were wound dehiscence, wound infection, wound pain and suture sinus formation. Results: Fifteen studies were identified with a total of 6566 patients. Closure by continuous rapidly absorbable suture was followed by significantly more incisional hernias than closure by continuous slowly absorbable suture (P < 0·009) or non-absorbable suture (P = 0·001). No difference in incisional hernia incidence was found between slowly absorbable and non-absorbable sutures (P = 0·75), but more wound pain (P < 0·005) and more suture sinuses (P = 0·02) occurred after the use of non-absorbable suture. Similar outcomes were observed with continuous and interrupted sutures, but continuous sutures took less time to insert. Conclusion: To reduce the incidence of incisional hernia without increasing wound pain or suture sinus frequency, slowly absorbable continuous sutures appear to be the optimal method of fascial closure. © 2002 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd
TL;DR: Women who have had breast implantation frequently experience local complications during the subsequent five years, and complications were significantly less frequent among patients who received implants for cosmetic reasons than among those whoreceived implants after mastectomy for cancer or for cancer prophylaxis.
Abstract: Background Local complications that require additional surgical procedures are an important problem for women with breast implants. Methods We studied 749 women who lived in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and received a first breast implant at the Mayo Clinic between 1964 and 1991. We identified complications that occurred after the initial procedure and after any subsequent implantation. A complication was defined as a surgical procedure performed for any of the following reasons: capsular contracture; rupture of the implant; hematoma or bleeding; infection or seroma of the wound; chronic pain; extrusion, leakage, or sweating of the implant; necrosis of the nipple, areola, or flap; malfunction of the filler port of a tissue expander; and wound dehiscence. Results During follow-up (mean, 7.8 years; range, 0 to 25.8), 208 (27.8 percent) of the women underwent 450 additional implant-related surgical procedures. Ninety-one (20.2 percent) were anticipated, staged procedures or were done because the patient reques...
TL;DR: There is a decreased incidence of wound dehiscence and total infections after high-risk fractures when patients have NPWT applied to their surgical incisions after closure, and a strong trend for decreases in acute infections after NPWT.
Abstract: Objectives:To investigate negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to prevent wound dehiscence and infection after high-risk lower extremity trauma.Design:Prospective randomized multicenter clinical trial.Setting:Four Level I trauma centers.Patients/Participants:Blunt trauma patients with one of three
Trending Questions (10)