Topic

# XANES

About: XANES is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7737 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 188032 citation(s).

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a selfconsistent real-space multiple-scattering (RSMS) approach for calculations of x-ray-absorption near-edge structure (XANES) is presented and implemented in an ab initio code applicable to arbitrary aperiodic or periodic systems.
Abstract: A self-consistent real-space multiple-scattering (RSMS) approach for calculations of x-ray-absorption near-edge structure (XANES) is presented and implemented in an ab initio code applicable to arbitrary aperiodic or periodic systems This approach yields a quantitative interpretation of XANES based on simultaneous, self-consistent-field (SCF) calculations of local electronic structure and x-ray absorption spectra, which include full multiple scattering from atoms within a small cluster and the contributions of high-order MS from scatterers outside that cluster In addition, the code includes a SCF estimate of the Fermi energy and an account of orbital occupancy and charge transfer We also present a qualitative, scattering-theoretic interpretation of XANES Sample applications are presented for cubic BN, ${\mathrm{UF}}_{6},$ Pu hydrates, and distorted ${\mathrm{PbTiO}}_{3}$ Limitations and various extensions are also discussed

3,696 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: Theory of X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (EXAFS) is described in this paper, where the authors present an experimental setup of EXAFS with Synchrotron Radiation.
Abstract: Theory of EXAFS. Theory of XANES. INSTRUMENTAL AND DATA ANALYSIS. Design of an EXAFS Experiment. EXAFS with Synchrotron Radiation. Laboratory EXAFS Facilities. Data Analysis. APPLICATIONS. Biochemical Application of X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy. Catalysis. Amorphous and Liquid Systems. SEXAFS. XANES Spectroscopy.

1,958 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Andrea Zitolo
TL;DR: Fe-N-C materials quasi-free of crystallographic iron structures after argon or ammonia pyrolysis are synthesized, demonstrating that the turnover frequency of Fe-centred moieties depends on the physico-chemical properties of the support.
Abstract: While platinum has hitherto been the element of choice for catalysing oxygen electroreduction in acidic polymer fuel cells, tremendous progress has been reported for pyrolysed Fe-N-C materials. However, the structure of their active sites has remained elusive, delaying further advance. Here, we synthesized Fe-N-C materials quasi-free of crystallographic iron structures after argon or ammonia pyrolysis. These materials exhibit nearly identical Mossbauer spectra and identical X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) spectra, revealing the same Fe-centred moieties. However, the much higher activity and basicity of NH3-pyrolysed Fe-N-C materials demonstrates that the turnover frequency of Fe-centred moieties depends on the physico-chemical properties of the support. Following a thorough XANES analysis, the detailed structures of two FeN4 porphyrinic architectures with different O2 adsorption modes were then identified. These porphyrinic moieties are not easily integrated in graphene sheets, in contrast with Fe-centred moieties assumed hitherto for pyrolysed Fe-N-C materials. These new insights open the path to bottom-up synthesis approaches and studies on site-support interactions.

1,195 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

TL;DR: This work presents a systematic characterization of the iron nanoparticles prepared with the method of ferric iron reduction by sodium borohydride and results may foster better understanding, facilitate information exchange, and contribute to further research and development of Iron nanoparticles for environmental and other applications.
Abstract: The iron nanoparticle technology has received considerable attention for its potential applications in groundwater treatment and site remediation. Recent studies have demonstrated the efficacy of zero-valent iron nanoparticles for the transformation of halogenated organic contaminants and heavy metals. In this work, we present a systematic characterization of the iron nanoparticles prepared with the method of ferric iron reduction by sodium borohydride. Particle size, size distribution and surface composition were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HR-XPS), X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and acoustic/electroacoustic spectrometry. BET surface area, zeta (ζ) potential, iso-electric point (IEP), solution Eh and pH were also measured. Methods and results presented may foster better understanding, facilitate information exchange, and contribute to further research and development of iron nanoparticles for environmental and other applications.

780 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the adsorption and stability of arsenite on goethite (α-FeOOH) was investigated using a combination of standard batch techniques and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS).
Abstract: The adsorption and stability of arsenite [As(III)] on goethite (α-FeOOH) was investigated using a combination of standard batch techniques and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The reactivity of As(III) with α-FeOOH at varying pH and As(III) concentration provided macroscopic evidence for strong complexation on the α-FeOOH surface. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy gave an average As(III)−Fe interatomic distance of 3.378 ± 0.014 A, which is indicative of bidentate binuclear bridging As(III) complexes on the α-FeOOH surface and which is similar to other oxyanions which adsorb on α-FeOOH by an inner-sphere mechanism. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analysis indicated that the As(III)−α-FeOOH surface complex is stable toward heterogeneous oxidation to As(V), as determined by the energy position of the X-ray absorption edge. The structural information from EXAFS was included in the description of As(III) adsorption on the α-FeOOH surface using a surface complexation...

740 citations

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##### Performance
###### Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20225
2021205
2020232
2019242
2018256
2017272