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Yttria-stabilized zirconia

About: Yttria-stabilized zirconia is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 10561 publications have been published within this topic receiving 214936 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the basic properties of ceramic materials for thermal barrier coatings are summarized, showing that they are more resistant to oxidation, corrosion and wear, as well as being better thermal insulators.
Abstract: This paper summarizes the basic properties of ceramic materials for thermal barrier coatings. Ceramics, in contrast to metals, are often more resistant to oxidation, corrosion and wear, as well as being better thermal insulators. Except yttria stabilized zirconia, other materials such as lanthanum zirconate and rare earth oxides are also promising materials for thermal barrier coatings.

1,789 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the conditions for the retention of a zirconia-rich tetragonal phase at ambient temperature were established and the existence of a miscibility gap, closed below the solidus temperature, in the yttria-rich solid solution region was proposed.
Abstract: Metastable and equilibrium phase relationships in the system ZrO2:YO1.5 have been studied by X-ray diffraction. The conditions for the retention of a zirconia-rich tetragonal phase at ambient temperature are established. The existence of a miscibility gap, closed below the solidus temperature, in the yttria-rich solid solution region is proposed. Some evidence for partially ordered phases is presented.

1,170 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Both redox stability and operation in low steam hydrocarbons have been demonstrated, overcoming two of the major limitations of the current generation of nickel zirconia cermet SOFC anodes.
Abstract: Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) promise high efficiencies in a range of fuels. Unlike lower temperature variants, carbon monoxide is a fuel rather than a poison, and so hydrocarbon fuels can be used directly, through internal reforming or even direct oxidation. This provides a key entry strategy for fuel-cell technology into the current energy economy. Present development is mainly based on the yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte. The most commonly used anode materials are Ni/YSZ cermets, which display excellent catalytic properties for fuel oxidation and good current collection, but do exhibit disadvantages, such as low tolerance to sulphur and carbon deposition when using hydrocarbon fuels, and poor redox cycling causing volume instability. Here, we report a nickel-free SOFC anode, La0.75Sr0.25Cr0.5Mn0.5O3, with comparable electrochemical performance to Ni/YSZ cermets. The electrode polarization resistance approaches 0.2 Omega cm2 at 900 degrees C in 97% H2/3% H2O. Very good performance is achieved for methane oxidation without using excess steam. The anode is stable in both fuel and air conditions, and shows stable electrode performance in methane. Thus both redox stability and operation in low steam hydrocarbons have been demonstrated, overcoming two of the major limitations of the current generation of nickel zirconia cermet SOFC anodes.

1,059 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the double-layer concept, a method to overcome the limited toughness of new TBC materials, is discussed, and an overview is tried on different new materials covering especially doped zirconia, pyrochlores, perovskites, and aluminates.
Abstract: During the last decade a number of ceramic materials, mostly oxides have been suggested as new thermal barrier coating (TBC) materials. These new compositions have to compete with the state-of-the-art TBC material yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) which turns out to be difficult due to its unique properties. On the other hand YSZ has certain shortcomings especially its limited temperature capability above 1200 °C which necessitates its substitution in advanced gas turbines. In the paper an overview is tried on different new materials covering especially doped zirconia, pyrochlores, perovskites, and aluminates. Literature results and also results from our own investigations will be presented and compared to the requirements. Finally, the double-layer concept, a method to overcome the limited toughness of new TBC materials, will be discussed.

884 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Microscope investigation and X-ray diffraction revealed the important role played by the tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation and by the relationship between the glassy matrix and the crystalline phase in the strengthening and toughening mechanisms of these ceramics.

828 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023324
2022625
2021311
2020336
2019397
2018358