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Author

G. Welch

Bio: G. Welch is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Kalman filter. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 3169 citations.
Topics: Kalman filter

Papers
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Proceedings Article
01 Jan 2001

3,169 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 May 2007
TL;DR: A survey on gesture recognition with particular emphasis on hand gestures and facial expressions is provided, and applications involving hidden Markov models, particle filtering and condensation, finite-state machines, optical flow, skin color, and connectionist models are discussed in detail.
Abstract: Gesture recognition pertains to recognizing meaningful expressions of motion by a human, involving the hands, arms, face, head, and/or body. It is of utmost importance in designing an intelligent and efficient human-computer interface. The applications of gesture recognition are manifold, ranging from sign language through medical rehabilitation to virtual reality. In this paper, we provide a survey on gesture recognition with particular emphasis on hand gestures and facial expressions. Applications involving hidden Markov models, particle filtering and condensation, finite-state machines, optical flow, skin color, and connectionist models are discussed in detail. Existing challenges and future research possibilities are also highlighted

1,797 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that trackers can be evaluated objectively by survival curves, Kaplan Meier statistics, and Grubs testing, and it is found that in the evaluation practice the F-score is as effective as the object tracking accuracy (OTA) score.
Abstract: There is a large variety of trackers, which have been proposed in the literature during the last two decades with some mixed success. Object tracking in realistic scenarios is a difficult problem, therefore, it remains a most active area of research in computer vision. A good tracker should perform well in a large number of videos involving illumination changes, occlusion, clutter, camera motion, low contrast, specularities, and at least six more aspects. However, the performance of proposed trackers have been evaluated typically on less than ten videos, or on the special purpose datasets. In this paper, we aim to evaluate trackers systematically and experimentally on 315 video fragments covering above aspects. We selected a set of nineteen trackers to include a wide variety of algorithms often cited in literature, supplemented with trackers appearing in 2010 and 2011 for which the code was publicly available. We demonstrate that trackers can be evaluated objectively by survival curves, Kaplan Meier statistics, and Grubs testing. We find that in the evaluation practice the F-score is as effective as the object tracking accuracy (OTA) score. The analysis under a large variety of circumstances provides objective insight into the strengths and weaknesses of trackers.

1,604 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Characteristics of the process industry data which are critical for the development of data-driven Soft Sensors are discussed.

1,399 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The developments of the last 20 years in the area of vision for mobile robot navigation are surveyed and the cases of navigation using optical flows, using methods from the appearance-based paradigm, and by recognition of specific objects in the environment are discussed.
Abstract: Surveys the developments of the last 20 years in the area of vision for mobile robot navigation. Two major components of the paper deal with indoor navigation and outdoor navigation. For each component, we have further subdivided our treatment of the subject on the basis of structured and unstructured environments. For indoor robots in structured environments, we have dealt separately with the cases of geometrical and topological models of space. For unstructured environments, we have discussed the cases of navigation using optical flows, using methods from the appearance-based paradigm, and by recognition of specific objects in the environment.

1,386 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper provides a comprehensive survey of research on computer-vision-based human motion analysis, namely human detection, tracking and activity understanding, and various methods for each issue are discussed in order to examine the state of the art.

1,106 citations