Jennifer L. Croissant
Other affiliations: Salve Regina University
Bio: Jennifer L. Croissant is an academic researcher from University of Arizona. The author has contributed to research in topics: Doing gender & Technoscience. The author has an hindex of 7, co-authored 15 publications receiving 258 citations. Previous affiliations of Jennifer L. Croissant include Salve Regina University.
TL;DR: In this paper, a framework for agnotology which is shaped by interdisciplinary studies of both ignorance and absence is presented, which identifies properties such as chronicity, granularity, scale, intentionality, and ontology in relation to epistemology as useful for studying ignorance.
Abstract: The study of ignorance, or agnotology, has many similarities with studies of absence. This paper outlines a framework for agnotology which is shaped by interdisciplinary studies of both ignorance and absence, and identifies properties such as chronicity, granularity, scale, intentionality, and ontology in relation to epistemology as useful for studying ignorance. These properties can be used to compare various case studies. While not all problems of ignorance are problems of absent knowledge, those that are can gain by an examination of the literatures on absence and the concept of the privative. The lack of symmetry in explanation and representation are methodological challenges to studying ignorances and absences.
26 Aug 2005
TL;DR: The Dance of Truth as mentioned in this paper is a dance of magic, science, and religion in science and technology, and the dance of truth is a powerful metaphor for the power of technology in the postmodern world.
Abstract: PrefaceP. Introduction Introduction. Our Premises and Our Approach / Nuts and Bolts and the Systems that Tighten Them / Conclusion. 2 Cultures of Science. Birth of a Fact / Society and Culture / Worldviews / The Social Construction Conjecture / Feminism and Science Studies / Technology in Motion / Pre-Scientific: You Or Me? / Mind and Society / What Can Sociologists Say About Mathematics? / Conclusion. 3 The Dance of Truth. Science and Technology as Social Institutions / The Dance of Magic, Science, and Religion / What Is Truth? / Dangerous Icons: From Magic and Religion to Science and Law / Conclusion. 4 STS and Power in the Postmodern World. Technology and Society / Power, Values, and Agency / Cyborgs, Humans, and Technology / Contemporary Society: Globalization Or Bust? / Metaphors, Narratives, and Glocal Cultures / Conclusion: Technoscience and Globalizations. 5 Life after Science and Technology Studies. Technoscience Revisited / Case Study: the New Reproductive Technologies / Case Study: Robots, Minds, and Society / Frontiers and Horizons / Conclusion: Where We Have to Stand in Order to Begin. Glossary. References. Name Index. Subject Index
01 Jan 2001
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TL;DR: Forsythe as mentioned in this paper is an anthropologist in the world of artificial intelligence, with an introduction by David J. Hess and a discussion of the role of anthropologists in the development of AI.
Abstract: Studying Those Who Study Us: An Anthropologist in the World of Artificial Intelligence. Diana E. Forsythe. ed., with an introduction by David J. Hess. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. 240 pp.
TL;DR: Reid and Traweek as discussed by the authors describe how cultural and interdisciplinary studies are changing the way we look at science and medicine and how they are changing our way of thinking about science.
Abstract: Doing Science. Culture: How Cultural and Interdisciplinary Studies are Changing the Way We Look at Science and Medicine. Roddy Reid and Sharon Traweek. eds. New York/London: Routledge, 2000. viii. 339 pp.
01 Jan 1982
Abstract: Introduction 1. Woman's Place in Man's Life Cycle 2. Images of Relationship 3. Concepts of Self and Morality 4. Crisis and Transition 5. Women's Rights and Women's Judgment 6. Visions of Maturity References Index of Study Participants General Index
TL;DR: The era of Big Data has begun as discussed by the authors, where diverse groups argue about the potential benefits and costs of analyzing genetic sequences, social media interactions, health records, phone logs, government records, and other digital traces left by people.
Abstract: The era of Big Data has begun. Computer scientists, physicists, economists, mathematicians, political scientists, bio-informaticists, sociologists, and other scholars are clamoring for access to the massive quantities of information produced by and about people, things, and their interactions. Diverse groups argue about the potential benefits and costs of analyzing genetic sequences, social media interactions, health records, phone logs, government records, and other digital traces left by people. Significant questions emerge. Will large-scale search data help us create better tools, services, and public goods? Or will it usher in a new wave of privacy incursions and invasive marketing? Will data analytics help us understand online communities and political movements? Or will it be used to track protesters and suppress speech? Will it transform how we study human communication and culture, or narrow the palette of research options and alter what ‘research’ means? Given the rise of Big Data as a socio-tech...
04 Dec 2006
TL;DR: Figuring the human in AI and robotics: Demystifications and re-enchantments of the human-like machine examines the role of language in the development of artificial intelligence and robotics.
Abstract: Acknowledgements Introduction 1. Readings and responses 2. Preface to the 1st edition 3. Introduction to the 1st edition 4. Interactive artifacts 5. Plans 6. Situated actions 7. Communicative resources 8. Case and methods 9. Human-machine communication 10. Conclusion to the 1st edition 11. Plans, scripts and other ordering devices 12. Agencies at the interface 13. Figuring the human in AI and robotics 14. Demystifications and re-enchantments of the human-like machine 15. Reconfigurations Notes References.