Author

# Mamoru Ishii

Other affiliations: National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Argonne National Laboratory

Bio: Mamoru Ishii is an academic researcher from Purdue University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Two-phase flow & Turbulence. The author has an hindex of 63, co-authored 467 publications receiving 19382 citations. Previous affiliations of Mamoru Ishii include National Institute of Information and Communications Technology & Argonne National Laboratory.

Topics: Two-phase flow, Turbulence, Bubble, Subcooling, Boiling

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this article, the relative motion correlations for dispersed two-phase flows of bubbles, drops, and particles were developed from simple similarity criteria and a mixture viscosity model, and satisfactory agreements were obtained at wide ranges of the particle concentration and Reynolds number.

Abstract: Drag coefficient and relative motion correlations for dispersed two-phase flows of bubbles, drops, and particles were developed from simple similarity criteria and a mixture viscosity model. The results are compared with a number of experimental data, and satisfactory agreements are obtained at wide ranges of the particle concentration and Reynolds number. Characteristics differences between fluid particle systems and solid particle systems at higher Reynolds numbers or at higher concentration regimes were successfully predicted by the model. Results showed that the drag law in various dispersed two-phase flows could be put on a general and unified base by the present method.

1,685 citations

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29 Nov 2005

TL;DR: In this article, two-phase field equations based on time average are proposed. But they do not consider the effect of structural materials in a control volume on the two-fluid model.

Abstract: Part I Fundamental of two-phase flow.- Introduction.- Local Instant Formulation.- Part II Two-phase field equations based on time average.- Basic Relations in Time Average.- Time Averaged Balance Equation.- Connection to Other Statistical Averages.- Part III. Three-dimensional model based on time average.- Kinematics of Averaged Fields.- Interfacial Transport.- Two-fluid Model.- Interfacial Area Transport.- Constitutive Modeling of Interfacial Area Transport.- Hydrodynamic Constitutive Relations for Interfacial Transfer.- Drift Flux Model.- Part IV: One-dimensional model based on time average.- One-dimensional Drift-flux Model.- One-dimensional Two-fluid Model.- Two-Fluid Model Considering Structural Materials in a Control Volume.

1,289 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the kinematic constitutive equation for the drift velocity has been studied for various two-phase flow regimes, and a comparison of the model with various experimental data over various flow regimes and a wide range of flow parameters shows a satisfactory agreement.

Abstract: In view of the practical importance of the drift-flux model for two-phase flow analysis in general and in the analysis of nuclear-reactor transients and accidents in particular, the kinematic constitutive equation for the drift velocity has been studied for various two-phase flow regimes. The constitutive equation that specifies the relative motion between phases in the drift-flux model has been derived by taking into account the interfacial geometry, the body-force field, shear stresses, and the interfacial momentum transfer, since these macroscopic effects govern the relative velocity between phases. A comparison of the model with various experimental data over various flow regimes and a wide range of flow parameters shows a satisfactory agreement.

799 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a two-fluid formulation for two-phase flow analyses is presented, where a fully threedimensional model is obtained from the time averaging, whereas the one-dimensional model was developed from the area averaging.

Abstract: Two-fluid formulation for two-phase flow analyses is presented. A fully three-dimensional model is obtained from the time averaging, whereas the one-dimensional model is developed from the area averaging. The constitutive equations for the interfacial terms are the weakest link in a two-fluid model because of considerable difficulties in terms of experimentation and modeling. However, these are of supreme importance in determining phase interactions. In view of this, the interfacial transfer terms have been studied in great detail both for the three- and one-dimensional models. New interfacial area, drag, virtual mass, droplet size and entrainment correlations are presented. In the one-dimensional model, a number of serious shortcomings of the conventional model have been pointed out and new formulations to eliminate them are presented. These shortcomings mainly arose due to the improper consideration of phase distributions in the transverse direction.

738 citations

##### Cited by

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01 Jan 1990

TL;DR: An overview of the self-organizing map algorithm, on which the papers in this issue are based, is presented in this article, where the authors present an overview of their work.

Abstract: An overview of the self-organizing map algorithm, on which the papers in this issue are based, is presented in this article.

2,933 citations

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01 Jan 1971

TL;DR: In this paper, Ozaki et al. describe the dynamics of adsorption and Oxidation of organic Molecules on Illuminated Titanium Dioxide Particles Immersed in Water.

Abstract: 1: Magnetic Particles: Preparation, Properties and Applications: M. Ozaki. 2: Maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3): A Versatile Magnetic Colloidal Material C.J. Serna, M.P. Morales. 3: Dynamics of Adsorption and Oxidation of Organic Molecules on Illuminated Titanium Dioxide Particles Immersed in Water M.A. Blesa, R.J. Candal, S.A. Bilmes. 4: Colloidal Aggregation in Two-Dimensions A. Moncho-Jorda, F. Martinez-Lopez, M.A. Cabrerizo-Vilchez, R. Hidalgo Alvarez, M. Quesada-PMerez. 5: Kinetics of Particle and Protein Adsorption Z. Adamczyk.

1,870 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a two-phase mixture theory is presented which describes the deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) in reactive granular materials, based on the continuum theory of mixtures formulated to include the compressibility of all phases and the compaction behavior of the granular material.

Abstract: In this paper, a two-phase mixture theory is presented which describes the deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) in reactive granular materials. The theory is based on the continuum theory of mixtures formulated to include the compressibility of all phases and the compaction behavior of the granular material. By requiring the model to satisfy an entropy inequality, specific expressions for the exchange of mass, momentum and energy are proposed which are consistent with known empirical models. The model is applied to describe the combustion processes associated with DDT in a pressed column of HMX. Numerical results, using the method-of-lines, are obtained for a representative column of length 10 cm packed to a 70% density with an average grain size of 100 μm. The results are found to predict the transition to detonation in run distances commensurate with experimental observations. Additional calculations have been carried out to demonstrate the effect of particle size and porosity and to study bed compaction by varying the compaction viscosity of the granular explosive.

1,155 citations

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01 Jan 2003

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe the development and validation of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methodology for the simulation of dispersed two-phase flows, which employs averaged mass and momentum conservation equations to describe the time-dependent motion of both phases.

Abstract: This study describes the development and validation of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methodology for the simulation of dispersed two-phase flows. A two-fluid (Euler-Euler) methodology previously developed at Imperial College is adapted to high phase fractions. It employs averaged mass and momentum conservation equations to describe the time-dependent motion of both phases and, due to the averaging process, requires additional models for the inter-phase momentum transfer and turbulence for closure. The continuous phase turbulence is represented using a two-equation k − ε−turbulence model which contains additional terms to account for the effects of the dispersed on the continuous phase turbulence. The Reynolds stresses of the dispersed phase are calculated by relating them to those of the continuous phase through a turbulence response function. The inter-phase momentum transfer is determined from the instantaneous forces acting on the dispersed phase, comprising drag, lift and virtual mass. These forces are phase fraction dependent and in this work revised modelling is put forward in order to capture the phase fraction dependency of drag and lift. Furthermore, a correlation for the effect of the phase fraction on the turbulence response function is proposed. The revised modelling is based on an extensive survey of the existing literature. The conservation equations are discretised using the finite-volume method and solved in a solution procedure, which is loosely based on the PISO algorithm, adapted to the solution of the two-fluid model. Special techniques are employed to ensure the stability of the procedure when the phase fraction is high or changing rapidely. Finally, assessment of the methodology is made with reference to experimental data for gas-liquid bubbly flow in a sudden enlargement of a circular pipe and in a plane mixing layer. Additionally, Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) are performed using an interface-capturing methodology in order to gain insight into the dynamics of free rising bubbles, with a view towards use in the longer term as an aid in the development of inter-phase momentum transfer models for the two-fluid methodology. The direct numerical simulation employs the mass and momentum conservation equations in their unaveraged form and the topology of the interface between the two phases is determined as part of the solution. A novel solution procedure, similar to that used for the two-fluid model, is used for the interface-capturing methodology, which allows calculation of air bubbles in water. Two situations are investigated: bubbles rising in a stagnant liquid and in a shear flow. Again, experimental data are used to verify the computational results.

968 citations

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Virginia Tech

^{1}TL;DR: A comprehensive and systematic development of the basic concepts, principles, and procedures for verification and validation of models and simulations that are described by partial differential and integral equations and the simulations that result from their numerical solution.

Abstract: Advances in scientific computing have made modelling and simulation an important part of the decision-making process in engineering, science, and public policy. This book provides a comprehensive and systematic development of the basic concepts, principles, and procedures for verification and validation of models and simulations. The emphasis is placed on models that are described by partial differential and integral equations and the simulations that result from their numerical solution. The methods described can be applied to a wide range of technical fields, from the physical sciences, engineering and technology and industry, through to environmental regulations and safety, product and plant safety, financial investing, and governmental regulations. This book will be genuinely welcomed by researchers, practitioners, and decision makers in a broad range of fields, who seek to improve the credibility and reliability of simulation results. It will also be appropriate either for university courses or for independent study.

966 citations