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Murat Yuksel

Bio: Murat Yuksel is an academic researcher from University of Central Florida. The author has contributed to research in topics: Routing protocol & Wireless network. The author has an hindex of 26, co-authored 199 publications receiving 2501 citations. Previous affiliations of Murat Yuksel include University of Miami & Sun Microsystems.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A tutorial and survey of advances in Free-space-optical and smart lighting technologies and the potential for integration of the two as a single field of study: LIGHTNETs are presented.
Abstract: Recently, rapid increase of mobile devices pushed the radio frequency (RF)-based wireless technologies to their limits. Free-space-optical (FSO), a.k.a. optical wireless, communication has been considered as one of the viable solutions to respond to the ever-increasing wireless capacity demand. Particularly, Visible Light Communication (VLC) which uses light emitting diode (LED) based smart lighting technology provides an opportunity and infrastructure for the high-speed low-cost wireless communication. Though stemming from the same core technology, the smart lighting and FSO communication have inherent tradeoffs amongst each other. In this paper, we present a tutorial and survey of advances in these two technologies and explore the potential for integration of the two as a single field of study: LIGHTNETs. We focus our survey to the context of mobile communications given the recent pressing needs in mobile wireless networking. We deliberate on key challenges involved in designing technologies jointly performing the two functions simultaneously: LIGHTing and NETworking.

166 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the hybrid utilization of angle-of-arrival (AOA) and received signal strength (RSS) information in visible light communication (VLC) systems for 3D localization.
Abstract: In this study, we investigate the hybrid utilization of angle-of-arrival (AOA) and received signal strength (RSS) information in visible light communication (VLC) systems for 3-D localization. We show that AOA-based localization method allows the receiver to locate itself via a least squares estimator by exploiting the directionality of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). We then prove that when the RSS information is taken into account, the positioning accuracy of AOA-based localization can be improved further using a weighted least squares solution. On the other hand, when the radiation patterns of LEDs are explicitly considered in the estimation, RSS-based localization yields highly accurate results. In order to deal with the system of non-linear equations for RSS-based localization, we develop an analytical learning rule based on the Newton–Raphson method. The non-convex structure is addressed by initializing the learning rule based on 1) location estimates, and 2) a newly developed method, which we refer as a random report and cluster algorithm. As a benchmark, we also derive the analytical expression of the Cramer–Rao lower bound for RSS-based localization, which captures any deployment scenario positioning in 3-D geometry. Finally, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed solutions for a wide range of LED characteristics and orientations through extensive computer simulations.

106 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
16 May 2005
TL;DR: It is argued that by lowering mean error and error variance, multi-hop operation facilitates an efficient system design and improves the reliability of the FSO link by application of specific coding schemes (such as forward error correction techniques).
Abstract: In this paper we analyze the error performance of free-space optical (FSO) communication over multiple hops. We first develop an error model for a single hop based on visibility, atmospheric attenuation, and geometric spread of the light beam. We model atmospheric visibility by Gaussian distributions with mean and variance values to reflect clear and adverse weather conditions. Based on this, we find the end-to-end bit error distribution of the FSO link for single hop and multi-hop scenarios. We present simulation results for decoded relaying, where each hop decodes the signal before retransmitting. We demonstrate that multi-hop FSO communication achieves a significant reduction in the mean bit error rate and also reduces the variance of the bit error rate. We argue that by lowering mean error and error variance, multi-hop operation facilitates an efficient system design and improves the reliability of the FSO link by application of specific coding schemes (such as forward error correction techniques).

91 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A new FSO node design is proposed that uses spherical surfaces covered with transmitter and receiver modules for maintaining optical links even when nodes are in relative motion, and provides an LOS at any orientation as long as there are no obstacles in between the communicating nodes.
Abstract: Existence of line of sight (LOS) and alignment between the communicating antennas is one of the key requirements for free-space-optical (FSO) communication. To ensure uninterrupted data flow, auto-aligning transmitter and receiver modules are necessary. We propose a new FSO node design that uses spherical surfaces covered with transmitter and receiver modules for maintaining optical links even when nodes are in relative motion. The spherical FSO node provides angular diversity in 3-dimensions, and hence provides an LOS at any orientation as long as there are no obstacles in between the communicating nodes. For proof-of-concept, we designed and tested an auto-configurable circuit, integrated with light sources and detectors placed on spherical surfaces. We demonstrated communication between a stationary and a mobile node using these initial prototypes of such FSO structures. We also performed the necessary theoretical analysis to demonstrate scalability of our FSO node designs to longer distances as well as feasibility of denser packaging of transceivers on such nodes.

80 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
06 Mar 2005
TL;DR: This work proposes a new optical antenna design that employs spherical antennas covered with transmitter and receiver modules for maintaining optical links even when antennas are in relative motion, and designs and tests an auto-configurable circuit integrated with light sources and detectors placed on spherical surfaces.
Abstract: Existence of line of sight (LOS) and alignment between the communicating antennas are one of the key requirements for free-space-optical (FSO) communication. To ensure uninterrupted data flow, auto-aligning transmitter and receiver modules are necessary. We propose a new optical antenna design that employs spherical antennas covered with transmitter and receiver modules for maintaining optical links even when antennas are in relative motion. In this paper, for proof-of-concept, we design and test an auto-configurable circuit integrated with light sources and detectors placed on spherical surfaces. We also perform simulation-based analysis of these multi-element FSO modules that can enable mobility and high bandwidth in wireless, particularly indoor, networks. Broader impact of our work is to make FSO communication technology widely applicable in mobile, ad-hoc, and multi-hop wireless networks.

71 citations


Cited by
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Journal Article
TL;DR: This book by a teacher of statistics (as well as a consultant for "experimenters") is a comprehensive study of the philosophical background for the statistical design of experiment.
Abstract: THE DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF EXPERIMENTS. By Oscar Kempthorne. New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1952. 631 pp. $8.50. This book by a teacher of statistics (as well as a consultant for \"experimenters\") is a comprehensive study of the philosophical background for the statistical design of experiment. It is necessary to have some facility with algebraic notation and manipulation to be able to use the volume intelligently. The problems are presented from the theoretical point of view, without such practical examples as would be helpful for those not acquainted with mathematics. The mathematical justification for the techniques is given. As a somewhat advanced treatment of the design and analysis of experiments, this volume will be interesting and helpful for many who approach statistics theoretically as well as practically. With emphasis on the \"why,\" and with description given broadly, the author relates the subject matter to the general theory of statistics and to the general problem of experimental inference. MARGARET J. ROBERTSON

13,333 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This handbook is a very useful handbook for engineers, especially those working in signal processing, and provides real data bootstrap applications to illustrate the theory covered in the earlier chapters.
Abstract: tions. Bootstrap has found many applications in engineering field, including artificial neural networks, biomedical engineering, environmental engineering, image processing, and radar and sonar signal processing. Basic concepts of the bootstrap are summarized in each section as a step-by-step algorithm for ease of implementation. Most of the applications are taken from the signal processing literature. The principles of the bootstrap are introduced in Chapter 2. Both the nonparametric and parametric bootstrap procedures are explained. Babu and Singh (1984) have demonstrated that in general, these two procedures behave similarly for pivotal (Studentized) statistics. The fact that the bootstrap is not the solution for all of the problems has been known to statistics community for a long time; however, this fact is rarely touched on in the manuscripts meant for practitioners. It was first observed by Babu (1984) that the bootstrap does not work in the infinite variance case. Bootstrap Techniques for Signal Processing explains the limitations of bootstrap method with an example. I especially liked the presentation style. The basic results are stated without proofs; however, the application of each result is presented as a simple step-by-step process, easy for nonstatisticians to follow. The bootstrap procedures, such as moving block bootstrap for dependent data, along with applications to autoregressive models and for estimation of power spectral density, are also presented in Chapter 2. Signal detection in the presence of noise is generally formulated as a testing of hypothesis problem. Chapter 3 introduces principles of bootstrap hypothesis testing. The topics are introduced with interesting real life examples. Flow charts, typical in engineering literature, are used to aid explanations of the bootstrap hypothesis testing procedures. The bootstrap leads to second-order correction due to pivoting; this improvement in the results due to pivoting is also explained. In the second part of Chapter 3, signal processing is treated as a regression problem. The performance of the bootstrap for matched filters as well as constant false-alarm rate matched filters is also illustrated. Chapters 2 and 3 focus on estimation problems. Chapter 4 introduces bootstrap methods used in model selection. Due to the inherent structure of the subject matter, this chapter may be difficult for nonstatisticians to follow. Chapter 5 is the most impressive chapter in the book, especially from the standpoint of statisticians. It provides real data bootstrap applications to illustrate the theory covered in the earlier chapters. These include applications to optimal sensor placement for knock detection and land-mine detection. The authors also provide a MATLAB toolbox comprising frequently used routines. Overall, this is a very useful handbook for engineers, especially those working in signal processing.

1,292 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents an online feature selection mechanism for evaluating multiple features while tracking and adjusting the set of features used to improve tracking performance, and notes susceptibility of the variance ratio feature selection method to distraction by spatially correlated background clutter.
Abstract: This paper presents an online feature selection mechanism for evaluating multiple features while tracking and adjusting the set of features used to improve tracking performance. Our hypothesis is that the features that best discriminate between object and background are also best for tracking the object. Given a set of seed features, we compute log likelihood ratios of class conditional sample densities from object and background to form a new set of candidate features tailored to the local object/background discrimination task. The two-class variance ratio is used to rank these new features according to how well they separate sample distributions of object and background pixels. This feature evaluation mechanism is embedded in a mean-shift tracking system that adaptively selects the top-ranked discriminative features for tracking. Examples are presented that demonstrate how this method adapts to changing appearances of both tracked object and scene background. We note susceptibility of the variance ratio feature selection method to distraction by spatially correlated background clutter and develop an additional approach that seeks to minimize the likelihood of distraction.

1,279 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This survey provides a technology overview and review of existing literature of visible light communication and sensing and outlines important challenges that need to be addressed in order to design high-speed mobile networks using visible light Communication-VLC.
Abstract: The solid-state lighting is revolutionizing the indoor illumination. Current incandescent and fluorescent lamps are being replaced by the LEDs at a rapid pace. Apart from extremely high energy efficiency, the LEDs have other advantages such as longer lifespan, lower heat generation, and improved color rendering without using harmful chemicals. One additional benefit of LEDs is that they are capable of switching to different light intensity at a very fast rate. This functionality has given rise to a novel communication technology (known as visible light communication—VLC) where LED luminaires can be used for high speed data transfer. This survey provides a technology overview and review of existing literature of visible light communication and sensing. This paper provides a detailed survey of 1) visible light communication system and characteristics of its various components such as transmitter and receiver; 2) physical layer properties of visible light communication channel, modulation methods, and MIMO techniques; 3) medium access techniques; 4) system design and programmable platforms; and 5) visible light sensing and application such as indoor localization, gesture recognition, screen-camera communication, and vehicular networking. We also outline important challenges that need to be addressed in order to design high-speed mobile networks using visible light communication.

1,208 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
13 Mar 2005
TL;DR: This paper suggests that the base station be mobile; in this way, the nodes located close to it change over time and the obtained improvement in terms of network lifetime is in the order of 500%.
Abstract: Although many energy efficient/conserving routing protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks, the concentration of data traffic towards a small number of base stations remains a major threat to the network lifetime. The main reason is that the sensor nodes located near a base station have to relay data for a large part of the network and thus deplete their batteries very quickly. The solution we propose in this paper suggests that the base station be mobile; in this way, the nodes located close to it change over time. Data collection protocols can then be optimized by taking both base station mobility and multi-hop routing into account. We first study the former, and conclude that the best mobility strategy consists in following the periphery of the network (we assume that the sensors are deployed within a circle). We then consider jointly mobility and routing algorithms in this case, and show that a better routing strategy uses a combination of round routes and short paths. We provide a detailed analytical model for each of our statements, and corroborate it with simulation results. We show that the obtained improvement in terms of network lifetime is in the order of 500%.

937 citations