01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: The Shkand Gumanig Wizar as discussed by the authors contains polemics against Islam, Christianity, and Manichaeism, as well as Judaism, and the passages on Judasim include citations of a Jewish sacred text referred to as the First Scripture.
Abstract: Author(s): Thrope, Samuel Frank | Advisor(s): Schwartz, Martin | Abstract: My dissertation examines the critique of Judaism in Chapters Thirteen and Fourteen of the Shkand Gumanig Wizar The Shkand Gumanig Wizar is a ninth century CE Zoroastrian theological work that contains polemics against Islam, Christianity, and Manichaeism, as well as Judaism The chapters on Judasim include citations of a Jewish sacred text referred to as the "First Scripture" and critiques of these citations for their contradictory and illogical portrayals of the divine This dissertation comprises two parts The first part consists of an introductory chapter, four interpretative essays, and a conclusion The second part consists of a text and new English translation of Shkand Gumanig Wizar Chapters Thirteen and FourteenMy first essay presents a new approach to the relation between the citations from the First Scripture in the Shkand Gumanig Wizar and Jewish literature Previous scholars have tried to identify a single parallel text in the Hebrew Bible or rabbinic literature as the origin for each of citation Borrowing approaches developed by scholars of the Qur'an and early Islamic literature, I argue that the Shkand Gumanig Wizar's critique draws on a more diverse and, likely, oral network of traditions about the biblical patriarchs and prophets My second essay contains a close reading of three linked passages concerning angels in Shkand Gumanig Wizar Chapter Fourteen I argue that the depiction of angels in these passages responds to a widespread Jewish belief in Metatron, an angelic co-regent whose power equals God's, This essay analyzes the these angelic passages in light of the traces of this belief that can be found in the Babylonian Talmud, Jewish mystical literature, and other texts My third essay concerns one of the longest citations in the critique of Judaism, a version of the story of the Garden of Eden from the first three chapters of the Book of Genesis This essay demonstrates that this citation is one of a motif of connected and mutually illuminating garden passages found throughout the apologetic and polemical chapters of the Shkand Gumanig Wizar I argue that gardens' prominence in the critique of Judaism, and the Shkand Gumanig Wizar as a whole, derives from gardens' symbolic role in Iranian cultureMy final essay compares the critique of Judaism in the Shkand Gumanig Wizar to a Zoroastrian anti-Jewish text from another Middle Persian work, the Denkard Whereas the earlier Denkard depicts Judaism mythically, relating the story of Judaism's creation by an evil demon, the Shkand Gumanig Wizar depicts Judaism textually, as citations from the First Scripture I argue that the lShkand Gumanig Wizar's presentation of Judaism as a text is an interpretative key for understanding the Zoroastrian work as a whole
TL;DR: Marashi as mentioned in this paper , The Parsi Community of India and the Making of Modern Iran: Exile and the Nation: The Parsis in India and Iran, 1920-1980.
Abstract: Exile and the Nation: The Parsi Community of India and the Making of Modern Iran. Afshin Marashi (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2020). Pp. 328. $55.00 hardcover. ISBN: 9781477320792 - Volume 55 Issue 3
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe the beginning and duration of Gentile Dominion, and the end of the Gentile dominion, including the curse of the great tree of Nebuchadnezzar and his temporary deposition.
Abstract: Click to follow Links. (Introversion) 1: 1—21. THE CAPTIVITY OF JUDAH. Historical Events Connected with its Beginning. *(Historic) 2: 1—49. THE DREAM OF NEBUCHADNEZZAR. The Beginning and Duration of Gentile Dominion. 3: 1—30. DANIEL’S COMPANIONS. The “fiery Furnace”. Angelic Deliverance. 4: 1—37. THE FIRST KING OF BABYLON. Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream of The “Great Tree”, Revealing his Temporary Deposition. 5: 1—31. THE LAST KING OF BABYLON. Belshazzar’s Vision of The “Hand”, Revealing his Final Doom. 6: 1—28. DANIEL HIMSELF. The “Den Of Loins”. Angelic Deliverance. 7: 1—8: 27. THE DREAM AND VISION OF DANIEL. The End of Gentile Dominion. *(Prophetic) 9: 1—12: 13. THE DESOLATIONS OF JERUSALEM. Prophetic Announcements Connected with Their End.
31 Dec 1994
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present an introduction to the Talmud and midrash to improve the quality of life by reading a book that has a different characteristic with others, and this book can be used to improve a person's life.
Abstract: Find the secret to improve the quality of life by reading this introduction to the talmud and midrash. This is a kind of book that you need now. Besides, it can be your favorite book to read after having this book. Do you ask why? Well, this is a book that has different characteristic with others. You may not need to know who the author is, how well-known the work is. As wise word, never judge the words from who speaks, but make the words as your good value to your life.
01 Jan 1979