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Anastasios G. Bakirtzis

Bio: Anastasios G. Bakirtzis is an academic researcher from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. The author has contributed to research in topics: Electric power system & Electricity market. The author has an hindex of 49, co-authored 200 publications receiving 9591 citations. Previous affiliations of Anastasios G. Bakirtzis include National Technical University of Athens & University of Liège.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents a genetic algorithm (GA) solution to the unit commitment problem using the varying quality function technique and adding problem specific operators, satisfactory solutions to theunit commitment problem were obtained.
Abstract: This paper presents a genetic algorithm (GA) solution to the unit commitment problem. GAs are general purpose optimization techniques based on principles inspired from the biological evolution using metaphors of mechanisms such as natural selection, genetic recombination and survival of the fittest. A simple GA algorithm implementation using the standard crossover and mutation operators could locate near optimal solutions but in most cases failed to converge to the optimal solution. However, using the varying quality function technique and adding problem specific operators, satisfactory solutions to the unit commitment problem were obtained. Test results for power systems of up to 100 units and comparisons with results obtained using Lagrangian relaxation and dynamic programming are also reported.

1,119 citations

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TL;DR: A number of functional operating constraints, such as branch flow limits, load bus voltage magnitude limits, and generator reactive capabilities, are included as penalties in the GA fitness function (FF).
Abstract: This paper presents an enhanced genetic algorithm (EGA) for the solution of the optimal power flow (OPF) with both continuous and discrete control variables. The continuous control variables modeled are unit active power outputs and generator-bus voltage magnitudes, while the discrete ones are transformer-tap settings and switchable shunt devices. A number of functional operating constraints, such as branch flow limits, load bus voltage magnitude limits, and generator reactive capabilities, are included as penalties in the GA fitness function (FF). Advanced and problem-specific operators are introduced in order to enhance the algorithm's efficiency and accuracy. Numerical results on two test systems are presented and compared with results of other approaches.

620 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A new solution to the thermal unit-commitment (UC) problem based on an integer-coded genetic algorithm (GA) that achieves significant chromosome size reduction compared to the usual binary coding.
Abstract: This paper presents a new solution to the thermal unit-commitment (UC) problem based on an integer-coded genetic algorithm (GA). The GA chromosome consists of a sequence of alternating sign integer numbers representing the sequence of operation/reservation times of the generating units. The proposed coding achieves significant chromosome size reduction compared to the usual binary coding. As a result, algorithm robustness and execution time are improved. In addition, generating unit minimum up and minimum downtime constraints are directly coded in the chromosome, thus avoiding the use of many penalty functions that usually distort the search space. Test results with systems of up to 100 units and 24-h scheduling horizon are presented.

403 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The optimal bidding strategy of an electric vehicle (EV) aggregator participating in day-ahead energy and regulation markets using stochastic optimization is determined and a new battery model is proposed for better approximation of the battery charging characteristic.
Abstract: This paper determines the optimal bidding strategy of an electric vehicle (EV) aggregator participating in day-ahead energy and regulation markets using stochastic optimization. Key sources of uncertainty affecting the bidding strategy are identified and incorporated in the stochastic optimization model. The aggregator portfolio optimization model should include inevitable deviations between day-ahead cleared bids and actual real-time energy purchases as well as uncertainty for the energy content of regulation signals in order to ensure profit maximization and reliable reserve provision. Energy deviations are characterized as “uninstructed” or “instructed” depending on whether or not the responsibility resides with the aggregator. Price deviations and statistical characteristics of regulation signals are also investigated. Finally, a new battery model is proposed for better approximation of the battery charging characteristic. Test results with an EV aggregator representing one thousand EVs are presented and discussed.

399 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A collaborative evaluation of dynamic-pricing and peak power limiting-based DR strategies with a bi-directional utilization possibility for EV and energy storage system (ESS) is realized and a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) framework-based modeling of a home energy management (HEM) structure is provided.
Abstract: As the smart grid solutions enable active consumer participation, demand response (DR) strategies have drawn much interest in the literature recently, especially for residential areas. As a new type of consumer load in the electric power system, electric vehicles (EVs) also provide different opportunities, including the capability of utilizing EVs as a storage unit via vehicle-to-home (V2H) and vehicle-to-grid (V2G) options instead of peak power procurement from the grid. In this paper, as the main contribution to the literature, a collaborative evaluation of dynamic-pricing and peak power limiting-based DR strategies with a bi-directional utilization possibility for EV and energy storage system (ESS) is realized. A mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) framework-based modeling of a home energy management (HEM) structure is provided for this purpose. A distributed small-scale renewable energy generation system, the V2H and V2G capabilities of an EV together with two-way energy trading of ESS, and different DR strategies are all combined in a single HEM system for the first time in the literature. The impacts of different EV owner consumer preferences together with the availability of ESS and two-way energy trading capabilities on the reduction of total electricity prices are examined with case studies.

398 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Machine learning addresses many of the same research questions as the fields of statistics, data mining, and psychology, but with differences of emphasis.
Abstract: Machine Learning is the study of methods for programming computers to learn. Computers are applied to a wide range of tasks, and for most of these it is relatively easy for programmers to design and implement the necessary software. However, there are many tasks for which this is difficult or impossible. These can be divided into four general categories. First, there are problems for which there exist no human experts. For example, in modern automated manufacturing facilities, there is a need to predict machine failures before they occur by analyzing sensor readings. Because the machines are new, there are no human experts who can be interviewed by a programmer to provide the knowledge necessary to build a computer system. A machine learning system can study recorded data and subsequent machine failures and learn prediction rules. Second, there are problems where human experts exist, but where they are unable to explain their expertise. This is the case in many perceptual tasks, such as speech recognition, hand-writing recognition, and natural language understanding. Virtually all humans exhibit expert-level abilities on these tasks, but none of them can describe the detailed steps that they follow as they perform them. Fortunately, humans can provide machines with examples of the inputs and correct outputs for these tasks, so machine learning algorithms can learn to map the inputs to the outputs. Third, there are problems where phenomena are changing rapidly. In finance, for example, people would like to predict the future behavior of the stock market, of consumer purchases, or of exchange rates. These behaviors change frequently, so that even if a programmer could construct a good predictive computer program, it would need to be rewritten frequently. A learning program can relieve the programmer of this burden by constantly modifying and tuning a set of learned prediction rules. Fourth, there are applications that need to be customized for each computer user separately. Consider, for example, a program to filter unwanted electronic mail messages. Different users will need different filters. It is unreasonable to expect each user to program his or her own rules, and it is infeasible to provide every user with a software engineer to keep the rules up-to-date. A machine learning system can learn which mail messages the user rejects and maintain the filtering rules automatically. Machine learning addresses many of the same research questions as the fields of statistics, data mining, and psychology, but with differences of emphasis. Statistics focuses on understanding the phenomena that have generated the data, often with the goal of testing different hypotheses about those phenomena. Data mining seeks to find patterns in the data that are understandable by people. Psychological studies of human learning aspire to understand the mechanisms underlying the various learning behaviors exhibited by people (concept learning, skill acquisition, strategy change, etc.).

13,246 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a state-of-the-art survey of ANN applications in forecasting and provide a synthesis of published research in this area, insights on ANN modeling issues, and future research directions.

3,680 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The major issues and challenges in microgrid control are discussed, and a review of state-of-the-art control strategies and trends is presented; a general overview of the main control principles (e.g., droop control, model predictive control, multi-agent systems).
Abstract: The increasing interest in integrating intermittent renewable energy sources into microgrids presents major challenges from the viewpoints of reliable operation and control. In this paper, the major issues and challenges in microgrid control are discussed, and a review of state-of-the-art control strategies and trends is presented; a general overview of the main control principles (e.g., droop control, model predictive control, multi-agent systems) is also included. The paper classifies microgrid control strategies into three levels: primary, secondary, and tertiary, where primary and secondary levels are associated with the operation of the microgrid itself, and tertiary level pertains to the coordinated operation of the microgrid and the host grid. Each control level is discussed in detail in view of the relevant existing technical literature.

2,358 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents a detailed overview of the basic concepts of PSO and its variants, and provides a comprehensive survey on the power system applications that have benefited from the powerful nature ofPSO as an optimization technique.
Abstract: Many areas in power systems require solving one or more nonlinear optimization problems. While analytical methods might suffer from slow convergence and the curse of dimensionality, heuristics-based swarm intelligence can be an efficient alternative. Particle swarm optimization (PSO), part of the swarm intelligence family, is known to effectively solve large-scale nonlinear optimization problems. This paper presents a detailed overview of the basic concepts of PSO and its variants. Also, it provides a comprehensive survey on the power system applications that have benefited from the powerful nature of PSO as an optimization technique. For each application, technical details that are required for applying PSO, such as its type, particle formulation (solution representation), and the most efficient fitness functions are also discussed.

2,147 citations

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TL;DR: This review examines a collection of papers (published between 1991 and 1999) that report the application of NNs to short-term load forecasting, and critically evaluating the ways in which the NNs proposed in these papers were designed and tested.
Abstract: Load forecasting has become one of the major areas of research in electrical engineering, and most traditional forecasting models and artificial intelligence techniques have been tried out in this task. Artificial neural networks (NNs) have lately received much attention, and a great number of papers have reported successful experiments and practical tests with them. Nevertheless, some authors remain skeptical, and believe that the advantages of using NNs in forecasting have not been systematically proved yet. In order to investigate the reasons for such skepticism, this review examines a collection of papers (published between 1991 and 1999) that report the application of NNs to short-term load forecasting. Our aim is to help to clarify the issue, by critically evaluating the ways in which the NNs proposed in these papers were designed and tested.

2,029 citations