Other affiliations: Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute
Bio: Atin Chaudhuri is an academic researcher from University of Calcutta. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Polyester resin & Ultimate tensile strength. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 6 publication(s) receiving 16 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Atin Chaudhuri include Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute.
24 May 2019-Journal of The Textile Institute
Abstract: In this study, the jute reeds were equally divided lengthwise from root to tip in three portions namely root, middle and tip. The fibre diameter, fineness, tensile strength and bundle stren...
03 Aug 2017-Journal of The Textile Institute
Abstract: Cotton fabric was coated with aqueous dispersion containing blend of natural rubber latex (NRL), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and starch following a knife-over-roll technique to produce moisture vapour permeable waterproof coating. Coating of cotton with a formulation containing NRL, 15% aqueous PVA and tamarind kernel seed powder as starch, in the ratio of 1:3: 0.3 in presence of a typical sulphur curing system, followed by drying of the coated fabric at 95 °C for 5 min and subsequent vulcanization at 120 °C for 2 h produced most balanced improvements in the properties of the coated fabric such as, waterproofness, breathability as revealed by moisture vapour transmission rate, coating adhesion, tensile properties, abrasion resistance and flex endurance. Incorporation of PVA makes the coating permeable to moisture vapour and such property is promoted further in presence of starch in the coating formulation. Examination of surface morphology of vulcanized coating by scanning electron microscopy revealed...
02 Jan 2019-Journal of The Textile Institute
Abstract: Cotton yarns were modified with pyrrole in the presence of ferric chloride following a dip-nip-dry technique. Treatment of cotton with 23.4% aqueous pyrrole followed by treatment with 40.6% aqueous ferric chloride and subsequent drying in atmospheric air produced balanced improvements in the properties of the yarn such as conductivity, tensile strength and extensibility. Among the three types of yarns such as ring spun, rotor spun and friction spun considered for such treatment, ring spun yarn performed best in respect of conductivity and retention of strength. Examination of surface morphology of yarns by scanning electron microscopy revealed a common discontinuity in the growth of polypyrrole along the length of the yarns spun using friction spinning and rotor spinning systems. Such discontinuity was caused by the wrapper fibres. Ring spun yarn, on the other hand, allowed a continuous spiral growth and deposition of polypyrrole in the inter-fibre space and on the surface of the yarn. Study of py...
01 Sep 2001-Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research
Abstract: Jute and jute-modacrylic yarns of various blend ratios have been prepared and treated with different concentrations of NaOH (5% -22% w/w). It is observed that this treatment results in axial shrinkage and weight loss of the yarns. The axial shrinkage increases with the increase in NaOH concentration up to 18% whereas the weight loss increases with the increase in NaOH conc. up to 22%. Even though the tenacity and modulus of yarns decrease substantially on alkali treatment, the work of rupture increases after treatment which is mainly due to the increase in breaking elongation. Statistical analysis shows that the modulus of different strain levels and tenacity values are positively and significantly correlated with the packing fraction values of the yarns. Blending of modacrylic fibre with jute does not show any appreciable improvement in bulk property of yarn. However, the whiteness index and mean gray value of alkali-treated blended yarns confirm the improvement in appearance of the yarns due to the preferential migration of modacrylic fibres on the surface of the yarn.
03 Aug 2021-Journal of The Textile Institute
Abstract: In the present study, long staple lignocellulosic fibres were extracted from the arecanut leaf sheath, an agricultural biomass. The arecanut leaf sheath (ANLS) fibres have been extracted by alkali ...
12 Oct 2019-Polymers
TL;DR: An overview of a diverse range of fibers, their properties, functionality, classification, and various fiber composite manufacturing techniques is presented to discover the optimized fiber-reinforced composite material for significant applications.
Abstract: Composites have been found to be the most promising and discerning material available in this century. Presently, composites reinforced with fibers of synthetic or natural materials are gaining more importance as demands for lightweight materials with high strength for specific applications are growing in the market. Fiber-reinforced polymer composite offers not only high strength to weight ratio, but also reveals exceptional properties such as high durability; stiffness; damping property; flexural strength; and resistance to corrosion, wear, impact, and fire. These wide ranges of diverse features have led composite materials to find applications in mechanical, construction, aerospace, automobile, biomedical, marine, and many other manufacturing industries. Performance of composite materials predominantly depends on their constituent elements and manufacturing techniques, therefore, functional properties of various fibers available worldwide, their classifications, and the manufacturing techniques used to fabricate the composite materials need to be studied in order to figure out the optimized characteristic of the material for the desired application. An overview of a diverse range of fibers, their properties, functionality, classification, and various fiber composite manufacturing techniques is presented to discover the optimized fiber-reinforced composite material for significant applications. Their exceptional performance in the numerous fields of applications have made fiber-reinforced composite materials a promising alternative over solitary metals or alloys.
28 Feb 2017-Fibers and Polymers
Abstract: Coconut fibres were subjected to chemical treatment to obtain softer and finer fibres, suitable to blend with other finer fibre like jute. The chemical softening recipe was optimized using Box-Behnken design of experiments as 40 % Na2S, 10 % NaOH and 6 % Na2CO3, which notably reduced the fineness (33 %) and flexural rigidity (74 %) and improved tensile property of coconut fibre. Effect of softening of coconut fibre on its process performance was studied in high speed mechanized spinning system at different blend ratios with jute. Blending with jute assists in spinning of coconut fibre to produce yarn of 520 tex at production rate of 5-6 kg/h, as compared to 15 kg/day for hand spun 5300 tex raw coconut fibre yarn in manual system. Analysis of blended yarn structure in terms of packing density, radial distribution of fiber components (SEM) and mass irregularity were investigated. SEM shows yarns made from softened coconut fibre -jute blends are more compact than raw coconut fibre -jute blend yarns. Coconut fibres were preferentially migrated to core of the yarn. Major yarn properties viz., tensile strength, and flexural rigidity of raw and chemically softened blended yarns were compared against their finest possible 100 % coconut fibre yarn properties. Yarn made up to 50:50 chemically softened coconut fibre-jute blend showed much better spinning performance, and having superior property in terms of reduced diameter, higher compactness, strength, initial modulus and less flexural rigidity than 100 % raw, 100 % chemically softened coconut fibre rope, and raw coconut fibre-jute blend yarns.
02 Oct 2020-Journal of The Textile Institute
Abstract: In this study, okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) bast fibers and corn (Zea mays L.) husk fibers were extracted via different degumming methods and subjected to different chemical treatments including a...
20 Apr 2018-Journal of Polymers and The Environment
TL;DR: In vitro studies showed that the isolated pectin blends were an effective matrix for controlled nicotine release and the kinetic models of nicotine were found to be a Higuchi model and zero order for in vitro release and skin permeation, respectively.
Abstract: Pectin is a natural biopolymer, and a major component of a complex heterogeneous polysaccharide found in the primary cell walls and middle lamella of plant tissues. This paper used pectin isolated from Cissampelos pareira (Krueo Ma Noy) leaves to prepare the matrix layer for nicotine transdermal patches. However, the patch was a brittle film, thus, deproteinized natural rubber latex (DNRL) was blended to improve flexibility of the patch. Here we present for the first time a preparation study exploring the suitability of isolated pectin blends to serve as drug carriers and the mechanism controlling the release patterns of nicotine. The hydrophilicity of the patches was found to decrease when increasing the DNRL ratio. Differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction experiments were used to characterize the interactions between the investigated drugs and the matrix polymers. In vitro studies showed that the isolated pectin blends were an effective matrix for controlled nicotine release. The release and permeation patterns of nicotine depend on the hydrophilicity of the patches. The kinetic models of nicotine were found to be a Higuchi model and zero order for in vitro release and skin permeation, respectively.
13 Sep 2020-Fibers
Abstract: Woven jute fabric was used as a reinforcing material for making two types of composite, named Jute/PR and Jute/Epoxy, with two different matrixes of polyester resin and epoxy, respectively, by hand layup techniques. Five different doses of gamma radiation from 100 to 500 krad were used to investigate the effects of the mechanical properties of the composites and the jute fabrics. Though gamma radiation improved the mechanical properties, such as the tensile strength (TS) and Young’s modulus (Y), and decreased the elongation at break % (Eb%) of the composites, it deteriorated all these properties for jute fabrics. The highest values of TS and Y and the lowest value of Eb% were found to be 39.44 Mpa, 1218.33 Mpa, and 7.68% for the Jute/PR; and 48.83 Mpa, 1459.67 Mpa, and 3.68% for the Jute/Epoxy composites, respectively, at a 300 krad gamma radiation dose. A further increase in dose altered all these properties; thus, 300 krad was found to be the optimum dose for both of the composites. Between the two composites, gamma radiation influenced the Jute/PR composite more than the Jute/Epoxy composite.
Author's H-index: 2