C. P. Chen
Bio: C. P. Chen is an academic researcher from Marshall Space Flight Center. The author has contributed to research in topics: Two-phase flow & Computational fluid dynamics. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 2 citations.
••01 Jan 1986
TL;DR: In this paper, a two-phase turbulence closure model was used for gas-particle confined turbulent flows using Eulerian formulations of the transport equations and accounts for the combined effects of interphase slip and turbulent dispersion of particles.
Abstract: Numerical calculations have been carried out for gas-particle confined turbulent flows using a recently developed two-phase turbulence closure model. The present modeling scheme utilizes Eulerian formulations of the transport equations and accounts for the combined effects of interphase slip and turbulent dispersion of particles. A multiple-scale turbulence model is used for the turbulent field modeling of the underlying fluid flow. For the particle size and particle loading considered in this study, the fluid turbulence transport equations must be modified to include the damping effects of particles. Predictions and comparisons are made in the fully developed gas-solid pipe flow and the confined particle-laden jet. Numerical results are in reasonably good agreement with the published experimental information.
TL;DR: In this article, a review of recent advances concerning analysis of dilute sprays and drop/turbulence interactions is presented, where a stochastic separated flow (SSF) method has been developed, which treat both finite interphase transport rates and dispersed phase (drop)/turbulent interactions using random-walk computations for the dispersed phase.
Abstract: Recent advances concerning analysis of sprays and drop/turbulence interactions are reviewed. Consideration is given to dilute sprays and related dilute dispersed flows, which contain well-defined dispersed-phase elements (e.g. spherical drops) and have dispersed-phase volume fractions less than 1%; and to the near-injector, dense spray region, having irregularly-shaped liquid elements and relatively-high liquid fractions. Early analysis of dilute sprays and other dispersed flows assumed either locally-homogeneous flow (LHF), implying infinitely-fast interphase transport rates, or deterministic separated flow (DSF) where finite interphase transport rates are considered, but interactions between dispersed-phase elements and turbulence are ignored. These limits are useful in some instances; however, recent evidence shows that both methods are deficient for quantitative estimates of the structure of most practical dispersed flows, including sprays. As a result, stochastic separated flow (SSF) methods have been developed, which treat both finite interphase transport rates and dispersed phase (drop)/turbulence interactions using random-walk computations for the dispersed phase. Evaluation of SSF methods for particle-laden jets; nonevaporating, evaporating and combusting sprays; and noncondensing and condensing bubbly jets has been encouraging, suggesting capabilities of current SSF methods to treat a variety of interphase processes. However, current methods are relatively ad hoc and many fundamental problems must still be resolved for dilute flows, e.g. effects of anisotropic turbulence, modification of continuous-phase turbulence properties by the dispersed phase (turbulence modulation), effects of turbulence on interphase transport rates, and drop shattering, among others. Dense sprays have received less attention and are poorly understood due to substantial theoretical and experimental difficulties, e.g. the idealization of spherical drops is not realistic, effects of liquid breakup and collisions are difficult to describe, spatial resolution is limited and the flow is opaque to optical diagnostics which have been helpful for studies of dilute sprays. Limited progress thus far, however, suggests that LHF analysis may provide a useful first-approximation of the structure and mixing properties of dense sprays near pressure-atomizing injectors. Since dense-spray processes fix initial conditions needed to rationally analyze dilute sprays, more research is this area is clearly warranted.
TL;DR: In this paper, a model of gas-particle turbulent pipe flow which takes into account phase velocity slip, particle interaction with the wall and rotation of the particles is proposed, which is based on the use of the transport equations for the averaged flow parameters and the correlation moments describing the turbulent transfer of the momentum and angular momentum of the dispersed phase.
Abstract: A model of gas-particle turbulent pipe flow which takes into account phase velocity slip, particle interaction with the wall and rotation of the particles is proposed. Allowance for the Magnus force makes it possible to describe the intense transverse “skipping” motion of the particles and to obtain good agreement between the calculation results and the experimental data over a broad range of flow conditions. The model is based on the use of the transport equations for the averaged flow parameters and the correlation moments describing the turbulent transfer of the momentum and angular momentum of the dispersed phase.