Bio: Claudia Derichs is an academic researcher from University of Duisburg-Essen. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Politics & Globalization. The author has an hindex of 9, co-authored 47 publication(s) receiving 226 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Claudia Derichs include University of Hildesheim & University of Marburg.
Abstract: In contrast to social capital, moral capital remains an under-researched topic in political science. In Asia, however, moral capital is one of the core assets of women politicians on their way to power. Kane defines moral capital as a specific political value of virtue that inclines others, in particular the political public and followers, to bestow (ethical) prestige, respect, loyalty, and authority on a political actor or the representative of an institution that the actor herself/himself can use as a resource to mobilize for political goals, activities, or support. This article addresses two questions. First, in which circumstances does moral capital become a significant asset for women on the rise to the top echelons of political power in Asia? Second, how do women politicians use moral capital as a political strategy, campaign instrument, and/or asset of public imaging? The authors discuss four case studies of female opposition politicians — Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi, Malaysia's Wan Azizah, S...
Abstract: In trying to ascertain the different trajectories followed by monarchies and republics since the “Arab Spring” in 2011, analysts and academics concur that a gap has opened, despite continuing debates as to whether analysing this imbalance between types of polity can help in understanding and explaining these diverse trajectories. Examining the Gulf monarchies produces the following arguments: (1) the monarchy versus republic issue is important for analysing Middle East politics in light of the Arab Spring and (2) the state as a frame of reference is important for understanding the nature of political change. Here, our analytical approach to the durability of the Gulf monarchies incorporates the concept of social order and the impact of pre-state patterns. Both “state” and “regime” are needed in the analytical framework, since, in this specific case, they are different categories, yet two sides of the same coin. Thus, state legitimacy equals regime legitimacy.
Abstract: Malaysian ideas for political change have been articulated by diverse societal groups and communities. The emerging civil society in Southeast Asia is reflected in Malaysia through the power strugg...
01 Jan 2003
01 Jan 2013
Abstract: (1999) ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age History: Reviews of New Books: Vol 27, No 2, pp 90-90
01 Jan 1965
01 Jan 2002
Abstract: * Introduction: Shari'a and Islamic Family Law: Transition and Transformation - Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im * PART I: CENTRAL ASIA AND THE CAUCASUS * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * PART II EAST AND CENTRAL AFRICA * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * 2. Legal Profiles * KENYA, Republic of - TANZANIA, United Republic of * PART III HORN OF AFRICA * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * 2. Legal Profiles * ETHIOPIA, Federal Democratic Republic of - SOMALIA - SUDAN, Republic of * PART IV MIDDLE EAST * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * 2. Legal Profiles * BAHRAIN, State of - IRAN, Islamic Republic of - IRAQ, Republic of - ISRAEL, State of - JORDAN, Hashemite Kingdom of - KUWAIT, State of - LEBANON, (Lebanese Republic) - OMAN, Sultanate of PALESTINE, Palestinian Territories of West Bank and Gaza Strip - QATAR, State of - SAUDI ARABIA, Kingdom of - SYRIA (Syrian Arab Republic) - UNITED ARAB EMIRATES - YEMEN, Republic of * PART V NORTH AFRICA * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * 2. Legal Profiles * ALGERIA, Democratic and Popular Republic of - EGYPT, Arab Republic of - (LIBYA) Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya - MOROCCO, Kingdom of (and Western Sahara) - TUNISIA, Republic of * PART VI SOUTHERN AFRICA * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * PART VII SOUTH ASIA * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * 2. Legal Profiles * BANGLADESH, People's Republic of - INDIA, Republic of - MALDIVES, Republic of - PAKISTAN, Islamic Republic of - SRI LANKA, Democratic Socialist Republic of * PART VIII SOUTHEAST ASIA * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * 2. Legal Profiles * BRUNEI (Negara Brunei Darussalam) - INDONESIA, Republic of - MALAYSIA - PHILIPPINES, Republic of the - SINGAPORE, Republic of * PART IX WEST AFRICA * 1. Social, Cultural and Historical Background * 2. Legal Profiles * GAMBIA, Republic of - GHANA, Republic of - NIGERIA, Federal Republic - SENEGAL, Republic of
Abstract: The study of contemporary Vietnamese politics has been dominated by two main paradigms: “everyday politics” and civil society. This article argues that “everyday politics” and civil society paradigms have marginalized the study of pro-democracy groups that have contested the hegemonic role of the Vietnam Communist Party. It is argued that political change in Vietnam will be significantly determined by how Vietnam’s one-party state manages the challenges posed by political civil society. Political civil society refers to the network of political groups that coalesced into a nascent social movement known as Bloc 8406. Overseas Vietnamese groups, such as the Viet Tan party, play an increasingly important role in providing financial and moral support for political civil society. The civil society paradigm is criticized for its exclusive preoccupation with so-called “non-governmental organizations” and community-based organizations as the prime agents of political change. The article concludes with an assessment of the future impact of political civil society on Vietnam and likely future scenarios.
Abstract: As a Socialist country undergoing rapid social and economic transition, China presents a revealing case study on the role of ideology in the process of institutional change. Based on Douglass North’s theory of institutional change and on David Beetham’s theory of political legitimation, this paper argues that recent ideological reforms have been a crucial factor in sustaining the legitimacy of Communist party rule. Ideological change is conceived as a path-dependent process which helps to stabilize the social perception of transition and to frame the party’s modernization achievements. At the same time, the dominant role of ideology makes the Chinese party-state, despite its economic success, more vulnerable to legitimacy crises compared to other authoritarian regimes. Als ein sozialistisches Land, das eine rasante wirtschaftliche und soziale Transformation durchlauft, stellt China einen interessanten Fall fur die Analyse der Rolle von Ideologie im Prozess institutionellen Wandels dar. Auf der Grundlage der Theorie institutionellen Wandels von Douglass North und der Theorie politischer Legitimation von David Beetham argumentiert der vorliegende Artikel, dass die ideologischen Reformen der letzten Jahre masgeblich zur Aufrechterhaltung der Legitimitat kommunistischer Parteiherrschaft beigetragen haben. Ideologischer Wandel wird als pfadabhangiger Prozess begriffen, der die gesellschaftliche Wahrnehmung des Transformationsprozesses stabilisiert und die Partei als zentrale Modernisierungskraft legitimiert. Zugleich fuhrt die dominante Rolle der Ideologie aber dazu, dass der chinesische Parteistaat trotz seiner wirtschaftlichen Erfolge im Vergleich zu anderen autoritaren Regimen anfalliger fur Legitimitatskrisen ist.