Other affiliations: Indian Institutes of Technology
Bio: F. Khan is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topics: Friction stir processing & Grain boundary. The author has an hindex of 8, co-authored 9 publications receiving 225 citations. Previous affiliations of F. Khan include Indian Institutes of Technology.
TL;DR: In this paper, the influence of friction stir processing on microstructure, mechanical properties and machinability of a cast Al-Si alloy was studied in the presence of FSP.
02 May 2018-Materials Science and Engineering A-structural Materials Properties Microstructure and Processing
TL;DR: In this article, a severe plastic deformation (SPD) based hybrid process has been implemented to develop in-situ AZ91+TiC-TiB2 composite, which results in redistribution of β-Mg17Al12 phase on the grain boundaries along with notable grain refinement.
Abstract: The application of AZ91 magnesium alloy is limited because of dendritic β-Mg17Al12 phase which degrades mechanical properties and causes high tension to compression yield asymmetry (R). To overcome this, a severe plastic deformation (SPD) based hybrid process has been implemented in this study, to develop in-situ AZ91 + TiC-TiB2 composite. This results in redistribution of β-Mg17Al12 phase on the grain boundaries along with notable grain refinement. The combined effect of in-situ reinforcement and grain refinement due to SPD process resulted in simultaneous enhancement of strength and ductility. Further, intense grain refinement and presence of TiC-TiB2 reinforcement in the grain boundary region is found to increase the stress concentration along the grain boundary which hinders twin nucleation and significantly reduces the R value from 1.42 (as-cast condition) to 1.04 (SPDed in-situ composite). The underlying mechanism of significant property enhancement in the developed material has been correlated with the tension and compression tests and microstructures.
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of FSP with and without pre-process thermal treatment is studied up to 3 passes and it is found that both the size of silicon particles and aluminium grains become finer with increasing FSP passes.
TL;DR: The microstructure, mechanical properties and fracture behavior of an as-received QE22 alloy have been investigated under different thermal conditions, including solution treated (ST), under aged (UA), peak aged (PA) and over aged (OA) conditions as mentioned in this paper.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the high-temperature tensile deformation behavior of ultrafine-grained (UFG) QE22 alloy developed by friction stir processing at various strain rates and temperatures.
TL;DR: In this article, a comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals of the microstructural evolution during FSW/P has been developed, including the mechanisms underlying the development of grain structures and textures, phases, phase transformations and precipitation.
TL;DR: Friction stir welding (FSW) has been termed as green technology due to its energy efficiency and environment friendliness as mentioned in this paper, which is an enabling technology for joining metallic materials, in particular lightweight high-strength aluminum and magnesium alloys.
Abstract: Friction stir welding (FSW), a highly efficient solid-state joining technique, has been termed as “green” technology due to its energy efficiency and environment friendliness. It is an enabling technology for joining metallic materials, in particular lightweight high-strength aluminum and magnesium alloys which were classified as unweldable by traditional fusion welding. It is thus considered to be the most significant development in the area of material joining over the past two decades. Friction stir processing (FSP) was later developed based on the basic principles of FSW. FSP has been proven to be an effective and versatile metal-working technique for modifying and fabricating metallic materials. FSW/FSP of aluminum alloys has prompted considerable scientific and technological interest since it has a potential for revolutionizing the manufacturing process in the aerospace, defense, marine, automotive, and railway industries. To promote widespread applications of FSW/FSP technology and ensure t...
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the increasing demand of lightweight structures with exceptional properties elicits materials processing and manufacturing technologies to tailor blanks in order to achieve or enhance those properties.
Abstract: Increasing demand of lightweight structures with exceptional properties elicits materials processing and manufacturing technologies to tailor blanks in order to achieve or enhance those pre...
TL;DR: In this article, a review on the resistance spot welding (RSW) of Al/Al alloys, Al alloys/steel, Al/Mg alloys and Al/Ti alloys with focus on structure, properties, and performance relationships is presented.
Abstract: This paper presents a review on the resistance spot welding (RSW) of Al/Al alloys, Al alloys/steel, Al/Mg alloys, and Al/Ti alloys, with focus on structure, properties, and performance relationships. It also includes weld bonding, effect of welding parameters on joint quality, main metallurgical defects in Al spot welds, and electrode degradation. The high contact resistance, induced by the presence of oxide layer on the surface of Al alloys, and the need for application of high welding current during RSW of Al alloys result in rapid electrode tip wear and inconsistency in weld quality. Studies have shown that cleaning the oxide layer, sliding of a few microns between sheets, enhancing the electrode force, and the application of a low-current pre-heating can significantly reduce the contact resistance and improve joint quality. For Al/steel dissimilar RSW, the technique of resistance element welding, the use of optimized electrode morphology, the technique of RSW with cover plates, and the use of interlayers such as Al-Mg, AlSi12, and AlCu28 alloys were found to suppress the formation of brittle intermetallic compounds (IMC) and improve the joint quality. The employment of pure Ni foil, Au-coated Ni foil, Sn-coated steel, and Zn-coated steel interlayers was also found to restrict the formation of brittle IMCs during RSW of Al/Mg alloys. Furthermore, the techniques of RSW with cover plates and RSW under the influence of electromagnetic stirring effect were found to improve the weldability of Al/Ti dissimilar alloys.
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of the studies of FSP in the modification of the cast structure, superplastic deformation behavior, preparation of fine-grained Mg alloys and Mg-based surface composites, and additive manufacturing is presented.
Abstract: Magnesium (Mg) alloys have been extensively used in various fields, such as aerospace, automobile, electronics, and biomedical industries, due to their high specific strength and stiffness, excellent vibration absorption, electromagnetic shielding effect, good machinability, and recyclability. Friction stir processing (FSP) is a severe plastic deformation technique, based on the principle of friction stir welding. In addition to introducing the basic principle and advantages of FSP, this paper reviews the studies of FSP in the modification of the cast structure, superplastic deformation behavior, preparation of fine-grained Mg alloys and Mg-based surface composites, and additive manufacturing. FSP not only refines, homogenizes, and densifies the microstructure, but also eliminates the cast microstructure defects, breaks up the brittle and network-like phases, and prepares fine-grained, ultrafine-, and nano-grained Mg alloys. Indeed, FSP significantly improves the comprehensive mechanical properties of the alloys and achieves low-temperature and/or high strain rate superplasticity. Furthermore, FSP can produce particle- and fiber-reinforced Mg-based surface composites. As a promising additive manufacturing technique of light metals, FSP enables the additive manufacturing of Mg alloys. Finally, we prospect the future research direction and application with friction stir processed Mg alloys.