R. David Koilpillai
Other affiliations: Dublin City University, Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
Bio: R. David Koilpillai is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Phase noise & Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing. The author has an hindex of 6, co-authored 30 publication(s) receiving 126 citation(s). Previous affiliations of R. David Koilpillai include Dublin City University & Indian Institutes of Technology.
TL;DR: For the first time, to the best of the knowledge, the fronthaul network for providing simultaneous 4G and 5G services by propagating LTE signals in coexistence with UF-OFDM is demonstrated.
Abstract: Fifth generation (5G) mobile communications will require a dense deployment of small cell antenna sites and higher channel bandwidth, in conjunction with a cloud radio access network (C-RAN) architecture This necessitates low latency and high-capacity architecture in addition to energy- and cost-efficient fronthaul links An efficient way of achieving such connectivity is to make use of an opticalfiber- based infrastructure where multiple wireless services may be distributed over the same fiber to remote radio head (RRH) sites In this work, we demonstrate the spectral containment of fourth generation (4G) Long-Term Evolution (LTE) signals and 5G candidate waveforms—generalized frequency division multiplexing and universally filtered orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (UF-OFDM) through a directly modulated link Seventy-five bands of LTEand 10 bands of 5Gwaveforms are successfully transmitted over a 25 km analog intermediate frequency signal over fiber (AIFoF) link through our setup, limited only by the bandwidth of the laser For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, we demonstrate the fronthaul network for providing simultaneous 4G and 5G services by propagating LTE signals in coexistence with UF-OFDM
••01 Nov 2011
TL;DR: Voice services over Adaptive Multiuser channel in One Slot (VAMOS) performance in the presence of GMSK interferer is presented and WL metric is proposed which incorporates error covariance between I/Q components in the metric computation.
Abstract: Voice services over Adaptive Multiuser channel in One Slot (VAMOS) performance in the presence of GMSK interferer is presented. Widely-Linear (WL) MMSE filtering is used to cancel the co-channel GMSK interferer while performing α-QPSK detection. In this paper, two ways of estimating the Sub Channel Power Imbalance Ratio (SCPIR) are discussed. Due to the colouration of the resultant impairment after filtering, WL metric is proposed which incorporates error covariance between I/Q components in the metric computation. WL RSSE is used as the equalizer. Simulation results using the proposed receiver architecture show significant performance important over conventional VAMOS receivers.
••02 Dec 2013
TL;DR: The proposed resource allocation scheme achieves a good balance between throughput and fairness at low complexity under conditions of imperfect CSIT, and achieves high value of Jain's fairness index.
Abstract: OFDMA is one of the promising technologies which can provide high speed wireless data with high spectral efficiency. This paper focuses on the efficient management of resources - power, rate and subcarriers on the OFDMA downlink. A novel approach of considering three factors together for OFDMA resource allocation - imperfect Channel State Information at Transmitter (CSIT), outage, and fairness is presented in this paper. The resource allocation scheme is split into two steps - rate & power allocation step, and subcarrier allocation step. To reduce complexity, equal power allocation is assumed and optimal rate to be allocated on each link to maximise throughput is determined. Then in the second step, heuristic strategies are proposed for subcarrier allocation which will incorporate fairness. We consider methods to ensure both short-term and long-term fairness and also inclusion of fairness among users with different rate requirements. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is demonstrated through simulations. In terms of throughput, the proposed scheme bridges the gap between perfect and imperfect CSIT, and achieves high value of Jain's fairness index. At the same time, there is minimal degradation in throughput in comparison to the performance of throughput-maximising schemes. Thus the proposed resource allocation scheme achieves a good balance between throughput and fairness at low complexity under conditions of imperfect CSIT.
01 Oct 2019
TL;DR: In this article, the effect of subcarrier baud rate and frequency offset variations on the performance of a 60 GHz OFDM signal generated using unlocked fiber lasers was analyzed in a 25 km mm-wave A-RoF heterodyne system.
Abstract: The phase noise (PN) of a photo-generated mmwave carrier, resulting from frequency and phase fluctuations of uncorrelated laser sources, limits the performance of heterodyne/millimeter-wave analog radio-over-fibre links. This work analyzes the effect of subcarrier baud rate and frequency offset (FO) variations on the performance of a 60 GHz OFDM signal generated using unlocked fiber lasers. Conventional digital techniques for FO and PN compensation, in a 25 km mm-wave A-RoF heterodyne system, are shown to overcome relatively large FOs and to enable the successful transmission of kHz range sub-carrier baud rates – in line with recent 5G recommendations.
TL;DR: The IIT Madras nano-satellite (IITMSAT) mission is designed to make sensitive measurements of charged particle fluxes in a Low Earth Orbit to study the nature of charge particle precipitation from the Van Allen radiation belts caused due to seismo-electromagnetic emissions as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: In the past decade, several attempts have been made to study the effects of seismo-electromagnetic emissions - an earthquake precursor, on the ionosphere and the radiation belts. The IIT Madras nano-satellite (IITMSAT) mission is designed to make sensitive measurements of charged particle fluxes in a Low Earth Orbit to study the nature of charged particle precipitation from the Van Allen radiation belts caused due to such emissions. With the Space-based Proton Electron Energy Detector on-board a single nano-satellite, the mission will attempt to gather statistically significant data to verify possible correlations with seismo-electromagnetic emissions before major earthquakes.
TL;DR: It is shown that by replacing the stand-alone optical modulator with an InP-based externally modulated laser chip for the implementation of the IFoF transmitter, a 16-Gb/s aggregate capacity was showcased on a 7-km fiber link and 5-m wireless channel with a 4-band 16-QAM encoded at 1 Gbaud.
Abstract: We experimentally demonstrate a multiband intermediate frequency-over-fiber/mmWave (IFoF/mmWave) fiber/wireless mobile fronthaul link for gigabit capacity over the unlicensed V-band (57–64 GHz). Digital synthesis of the multiband radio waveforms is performed at the baseband unit using digital subcarrier multiplexing technique, whereas digital predistortion is exploited to cope with the analog IFoF channel impairments without any further baseband processing at the digital-free remote radio head. Commercial optoelectronic components and analog V-band radio and antenna equipment for 7-km fiber and 5-m wireless transmission are employed to successfully demonstrate both uplink and downlink connectivity. An aggregate capacity up to 24 Gb/s was demonstrated with a 6-band 1 Gbaud 16-QAM on a 7.2-GHz analog bandwidth over the combined fiber/wireless channel showing error vector magnitude (EVM) values below the 3GPP requirements (<12.5%) for 5G systems. Multiformat assignment on each subcarrier was also realized by using M-PSK and 16-QAM schemes to achieve 18-Gb/s connectivity for both uplink and downlink, while demonstrating flexible resource allocation capabilities. By replacing the stand-alone optical modulator with an InP-based externally modulated laser chip for the implementation of the IFoF transmitter, a 16-Gb/s aggregate capacity was showcased on a 7-km fiber link and 5-m wireless channel with a 4-band 16-QAM encoded at 1 Gbaud. Successful operation with robust EVM performance was demonstrated using also the 6-band scheme of 1 Gbaud QPSK bands.
02 Jul 2019-IEEE Access
TL;DR: A high capacity multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) enabled all-optical analog-millimeter-wave-over fiber (A-MMWoF) fronthaul architecture is proposed for 5G and beyond of wireless networks and a comprehensive state-of-the-art literature review on the recent research works in high capacity A-RoF fr onthaul systems and related transport technologies is presented.
Abstract: The ever-increasing proliferation of mobile users and new technologies, and the demands for ubiquitous connectivity, high data capacity, faster data speed, low latency, and reliable services have been driven the quest for the next generation, fifth generation (5G), of the wireless networks. Cloud radio access network (C-RAN) has been identified as a promising architecture for addressing 5G requirements. However, C-RAN enforces stringent requirements on the fronthaul capacity and latency. To this end, several fronthaul solutions have been proposed in the literature, ranging from transporting digitized radio signals over fiber and functional splits to an entirely analog-radio-over fiber (A-RoF) based fronthual. A-RoF is a highly appealing transport solution for fronthual of 5G and beyond owing to its high bandwidth and energy efficiency, low system complexity, small footprint, cost-effectiveness, and low latency. In this paper, a high capacity multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) enabled all-optical analog-millimeter-wave-over fiber (A-MMWoF) fronthaul architecture is proposed for 5G and beyond of wireless networks. The proposed architecture employs photonic MMW signals generation and mode division multiplexing (MDM) along with wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) for transporting MMW MIMO signals in the optical domain. In support of the proposed architecture design, a comprehensive state-of-the-art literature review on the recent research works in high capacity A-RoF fronthaul systems and related transport technologies is presented. In addition, the corresponding potential challenges and solutions along with potential future directions are highlighted. The proposed design is flexible and scalable for achieving high capacity, high speed, and low latency fronthaul links.
23 Oct 2013-arXiv: Information Theory
TL;DR: A general form of the optimal transmit filter is established, which can be applied to multiple-input multiple-output channels with intersymbol interference and which has possible applications in the faster-than-Nyquist/time packing technique.
Abstract: We consider channels affected by intersymbol interference with reduced-complexity, mutual information optimized, channel-shortening detection. For such settings, we optimize the transmit filter, taking into consideration the reduced receiver complexity constraint. As figure of merit, we consider the achievable information rate of the entire system and with functional analysis, we establish a general form of the optimal transmit filter, which can then be optimized by standard numerical methods. As a corollary to our main result, we obtain some insight of the behavior of the standard waterfilling algorithm for intersymbol interference channels. With only some minor changes, the general form we derive can be applied to multiple-input multiple-output channels with intersymbol interference. To illuminate the practical use of our results, we provide applications of our theoretical results by deriving the optimal shaping pulse of a linear modulation transmitted over a bandlimited additive white Gaussian noise channel which has possible applications in the faster-than-Nyquist/time packing technique.
01 Sep 2019-Applied Sciences
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors proposed an analog optical fronthaul 5G architecture, which exploits the wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) technique and multicarrier intermediate-frequency-over-fiber (IFoF) signal generation per wavelength in order to satisfy the demanding needs of hotspot areas.
Abstract: Analog fronthauling is currently promoted as a bandwidth and energy-efficient solution that can meet the requirements of the Fifth Generation (5G) vision for low latency, high data rates and energy efficiency. In this paper, we propose an analog optical fronthaul 5G architecture, fully aligned with the emerging Centralized-Radio Access Network (C-RAN) concept. The proposed architecture exploits the wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) technique and multicarrier intermediate-frequency-over-fiber (IFoF) signal generation per wavelength in order to satisfy the demanding needs of hotspot areas. Particularly, the fronthaul link employs photonic integrated circuit (PIC)-based WDM optical transmitters (Txs) at the baseband unit (BBU), while novel reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers (ROADMs) cascaded in an optical bus are used at the remote radio head (RRH) site, to facilitate reconfigurable wavelength switching functionalities up to 4 wavelengths. An aggregate capacity of 96 Gb/s has been reported by exploiting two WDM links carrying multi-IF band orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals at a baud rate of 0.5 Gbd with sub-carrier (SC) modulation of 64-QAM. All signals exhibited error vector magnitude (EVM) values within the acceptable 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) limits of 8%. The longest reach to place the BBU away from the hotspot was also investigated, revealing acceptable EVM performance for fiber lengths up to 4.8 km.
TL;DR: The use of analog radio-over-fiber (ARoF) is proposed and demonstrated as a viable alternative which, combined with space division multiplexing in the optical distribution network as well as photonic integration of the required transceivers, shows a path to a scaleable fronthaul solution for 5G.
Abstract: The introduction of millimeter wave (mm-wave) frequency bands for cellular communications with significantly larger bandwidths compared to their sub-6 GHz counterparts, the resulting densification of network deployments and the introduction of antenna arrays with beamforming result in major increases in fronthaul capacity required for 5G networks As a result, a radical re-design of the radio access network is required since traditional fronthaul technologies are not scaleable In this article the use of analog radio-over-fiber (ARoF) is proposed and demonstrated as a viable alternative which, combined with space division multiplexing in the optical distribution network as well as photonic integration of the required transceivers, shows a path to a scaleable fronthaul solution for 5G The trade-off between digitized and analog fronthaul is discussed and the ARoF architecture proposed by blueSPACE is introduced Two options for the generation of ARoF two-tone signals for mm-wave generation via optical heterodyning are discussed in detail, including designs for the implementation in photonic integrated circuits as well as measurements of their phase noise performance The proposed photonic integrated circuit designs include the use of both InP and SiN platforms for ARoF signal generation and optical beamforming respectively, proposing a joint design that allows for true multi-beam transmission from a single antenna array Phase noise measurements based on laboratory implementations of ARoF generation based on a Mach–Zehnder modulator with suppressed carrier and with an optical phase-locked loop are presented and the suitability of these transmitters is evaluated though phase noise simulations Finally, the viability of the proposed ARoF fronthaul architecture for the transport of high-bandwidth mm-wave 5G signals is proven with the successful implementation of a real-time transmission link based on an ARoF baseband unit with full real-time processing of extended 5G new radio signals with 800 MHz bandwidth, achieving transmission over 10 km of 7-core single-mode multi-core fiber and 9 m mm-wave wireless at 255 GHz with bit error rates below the limit for a 7% overhead hard decision forward error correction