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Roberto Cammi

Bio: Roberto Cammi is an academic researcher from University of Parma. The author has contributed to research in topics: Polarizable continuum model & Solvation. The author has an hindex of 53, co-authored 165 publications receiving 26339 citations. Previous affiliations of Roberto Cammi include École Normale Supérieure & University of Toronto.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents a meta-modelling procedure called "Continuum Methods within MD and MC Simulations 3072", which automates the very labor-intensive and therefore time-heavy and expensive process of integrating discrete and continuous components into a discrete-time model.
Abstract: 6.2.2. Definition of Effective Properties 3064 6.3. Response Properties to Magnetic Fields 3066 6.3.1. Nuclear Shielding 3066 6.3.2. Indirect Spin−Spin Coupling 3067 6.3.3. EPR Parameters 3068 6.4. Properties of Chiral Systems 3069 6.4.1. Electronic Circular Dichroism (ECD) 3069 6.4.2. Optical Rotation (OR) 3069 6.4.3. VCD and VROA 3070 7. Continuum and Discrete Models 3071 7.1. Continuum Methods within MD and MC Simulations 3072

13,286 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, an efficient version of the polarizable continuum solvation model was implemented in the GAUSSIAN94 package, which exploits a new definition of surface elements area, and a direct formulation of the electrostatic self-consistent problem.

2,978 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A formal and numerical comparison between the iterative and matrix‐inversion approaches of the polarizable continuum model shows completely the equivalence of the two approaches.
Abstract: We present a formal and numerical comparison between the iterative and matrix-inversion approaches of the polarizable continuum model. The formal analysis shows completely the equivalence of the two approaches. Numerical equivalence is also recovered, introducing in both methods the proper boundary conditions on the apparent charge distribution. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

1,181 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: PCM-TDDFT is shown to be successful in supporting the analysis of experimental data with useful insights for a better understanding of photophysical and photochemical pathways in solution.
Abstract: In this paper we present the theory and implementation of analytic derivatives of time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) excited states energies, both in vacuo and including solvent effects by means of the polarizable continuum model. The method is applied to two case studies: p-nitroaniline and 4-(dimethyl)aminobenzonitrile. For both molecules PCM-TDDFT is shown to be successful in supporting the analysis of experimental data with useful insights for a better understanding of photophysical and photochemical pathways in solution.

1,160 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper presents a meta-modelling procedure called "Continuum Methods within MD and MC Simulations 3072", which automates the very labor-intensive and therefore time-heavy and expensive process of integrating discrete and continuous components into a discrete-time model.
Abstract: 6.2.2. Definition of Effective Properties 3064 6.3. Response Properties to Magnetic Fields 3066 6.3.1. Nuclear Shielding 3066 6.3.2. Indirect Spin−Spin Coupling 3067 6.3.3. EPR Parameters 3068 6.4. Properties of Chiral Systems 3069 6.4.1. Electronic Circular Dichroism (ECD) 3069 6.4.2. Optical Rotation (OR) 3069 6.4.3. VCD and VROA 3070 7. Continuum and Discrete Models 3071 7.1. Continuum Methods within MD and MC Simulations 3072

13,286 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The SMD model may be employed with other algorithms for solving the nonhomogeneous Poisson equation for continuum solvation calculations in which the solute is represented by its electron density in real space, including, for example, the conductor-like screening algorithm.
Abstract: We present a new continuum solvation model based on the quantum mechanical charge density of a solute molecule interacting with a continuum description of the solvent. The model is called SMD, where the “D” stands for “density” to denote that the full solute electron density is used without defining partial atomic charges. “Continuum” denotes that the solvent is not represented explicitly but rather as a dielectric medium with surface tension at the solute−solvent boundary. SMD is a universal solvation model, where “universal” denotes its applicability to any charged or uncharged solute in any solvent or liquid medium for which a few key descriptors are known (in particular, dielectric constant, refractive index, bulk surface tension, and acidity and basicity parameters). The model separates the observable solvation free energy into two main components. The first component is the bulk electrostatic contribution arising from a self-consistent reaction field treatment that involves the solution of the nonho...

10,945 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a new implementation of the conductor-like screening solvation model (COSMO) in the GAUSSIAN94 package is presented, which allows Hartree−Fock (HF), density functional (DF) and post-HF energy, and HF and DF gradient calculations: the cavities are modeled on the molecular shape, using recently optimized parameters, and both electrostatic and nonelectrostatic contributions to energies and gradients are considered.
Abstract: A new implementation of the conductor-like screening solvation model (COSMO) in the GAUSSIAN94 package is presented. It allows Hartree−Fock (HF), density functional (DF) and post-HF energy, and HF and DF gradient calculations: the cavities are modeled on the molecular shape, using recently optimized parameters, and both electrostatic and nonelectrostatic contributions to energies and gradients are considered. The calculated solvation energies for 19 neutral molecules in water are found in very good agreement with experimental data; the solvent-induced geometry relaxation is studied for some closed and open shell molecules, at HF and DF levels. The computational times are very satisfying: the self-consistent energy evaluation needs a time 15−30% longer than the corresponding procedure in vacuo, whereas the calculation of energy gradients is only 25% longer than in vacuo for medium size molecules.

7,616 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a new integral equation formulation of the polarizable continuum model (PCM) is presented, which allows one to treat in a single approach dielectrics of different nature: standard isotropic liquids, intrinsically anisotropic medialike liquid crystals and solid matrices, or ionic solutions.
Abstract: We present a new integral equation formulation of the polarizable continuum model (PCM) which allows one to treat in a single approach dielectrics of different nature: standard isotropic liquids, intrinsically anisotropic medialike liquid crystals and solid matrices, or ionic solutions. The present work shows that integral equation methods may be used with success also for the latter cases, which are usually studied with three-dimensional methods, by far less competitive in terms of computational effort. We present the theoretical bases which underlie the method and some numerical tests which show both a complete equivalence with standard PCM versions for isotropic solvents, and a good efficiency for calculations with anisotropic dielectrics.

5,760 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The emphasis of this review is on the origin of the electrocatalytic activity of nanostructured catalysts toward a series of key clean energy conversion reactions by correlating the apparent electrode performance with their intrinsic electrochemical properties.
Abstract: A fundamental change has been achieved in understanding surface electrochemistry due to the profound knowledge of the nature of electrocatalytic processes accumulated over the past several decades and to the recent technological advances in spectroscopy and high resolution imaging. Nowadays one can preferably design electrocatalysts based on the deep theoretical knowledge of electronic structures, via computer-guided engineering of the surface and (electro)chemical properties of materials, followed by the synthesis of practical materials with high performance for specific reactions. This review provides insights into both theoretical and experimental electrochemistry toward a better understanding of a series of key clean energy conversion reactions including oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The emphasis of this review is on the origin of the electrocatalytic activity of nanostructured catalysts toward the aforementioned reactions by correlating the apparent electrode performance with their intrinsic electrochemical properties. Also, a rational design of electrocatalysts is proposed starting from the most fundamental aspects of the electronic structure engineering to a more practical level of nanotechnological fabrication.

3,918 citations