Bio: Roberto Pereira is an academic researcher from University of Deusto. The author has contributed to research in topics: Aggression & Poison control. The author has an hindex of 4, co-authored 4 publications receiving 157 citations.
TL;DR: The questionnaire developed in this study, the Child-to-Parent Aggression Questionnaire (CPAQ), includes forms of physical and psychological aggression directed at both the mother and the father and highlights the complexity of child- to-parent aggression in adolescence.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire to assess child-to-parent aggression in adolescents and to document the extent of the problem. The questionnaire developed in this study, the Child-to-Parent Aggression Questionnaire (CPAQ), includes forms of physical and psychological aggression directed at both the mother and the father. It also includes open questions about the reasons for the aggressive acts. The CPAQ was completed by a sample of 2719 adolescents (age range: 13–18 years old, 51.4% girls). Confirmatory factor analysis supported a four-factor correlated structure (physical aggression against mother, physical aggression against father, psychological aggression against mother, and psychological aggression against father). Psychological and physical aggression against the mother was more frequent than against the father. However, there were no differences with regard to severe forms of aggression. Girls scored significantly higher on all indicators of psychological aggression, including severe psychological aggression. Nevertheless, except for the prevalence of physical aggression against mothers, which was higher in females, there were no significant differences in physical aggression against parents. Finally, the reasons provided by the adolescents for the aggression included both instrumental (e.g., to obtain permission to get home late and to access their computers) and reactive reasons (e.g., anger and self-defense). These findings highlight the complexity of child-to-parent aggression in adolescence.
TL;DR: Results suggest that CPV is mainly linked to exposure to marital conflict and family violence, permissive discipline, emotional disengagement in the father-child relationship, and symptoms of emotional stress and substance consumption in the children.
Abstract: This study explored the characteristics of child-to-parent violence (CPV) in Spain based on the narrations of adolescents who perpetrate this kind of violence, their parents, and the professionals who work in this area A qualitative design was used Focus groups were asked about the risk factors associated with CPV, such as exposure to family violence, discipline, and psychological characteristics of the adolescents Interviews were videotaped, transcribed, and reviewed independently by each investigator to identify and group distinct comments into categories with specific themes Results suggest that CPV is mainly linked to exposure to marital conflict and family violence, permissive discipline, emotional disengagement in the father-child relationship, and symptoms of emotional stress and substance consumption in the children Lastly, acts of CPV seem to be an attempt by the children to gain power in the context of family relations in which the parents display their incapacity to establish control As several family and personal characteristics appear to be involved in CPV, it is recommended that family and individual approaches be considered for treatment
01 Oct 2017
TL;DR: In this article, a gender perspective language is used to define the concept of Child to Parent Violence (CPV) and a definition of the term as neutral and clear as possible, that can become useful and accessible to everyone interested in this problem.
Abstract: espanolLa Violencia Filio-parental (VFP) ha suscitado en los ultimos anos el interes de numerosos investigadores y profesionales del ambito socio-sanitario, educativo y judicial. Sin embargo, no existe un consenso sobre el concepto, encontrandonos en la literatura cientifica diferentes definiciones sobre esta problematica. La confusion y la disparidad de resultados encontrados en las diferentes investigaciones, induce a preguntarse si en todos los casos se esta hablando del mismo problema. El presente articulo tiene como objetivo: presentar a aquellas personas interesadas en este problema, una definicion que sirva de herramienta para futuras investigaciones y propuestas de intervencion que posibilite delimitar lo que es y no es VFP. Tras una revision de la literatura especifica, la recopilacion y seleccion de las principales definiciones disponibles y su analisis y codificacion, se crearon diferentes categorias que fueron debatidas por los 11 profesionales que formaron el panel de expertos. El resultado obtenido es una definicion consensuada, precisa y practica sobre VFP expresada en un lenguaje con perspectiva de genero. EnglishIn the last years, many scholars and professionals from the socio-sanitary, educational and judicial environments have started to pay increasing attention to Child to Parent Violence (CPV). This emerging phenomenon, however, does not seem to find a consensuated definition in the relevant scientific literature. The confusion found around this concept, as well as the disparate results arising from different research projects, lead us to wonder whether they are all referring to the same problem. The aim of this paper is to clearly establish what is Child to Parent Violence, as well as to provide a definition of the term as neutral and clear as possible, that can become useful and accessible to everyone interested in this problem. This definition can also play a significant role as a tool in future research and intervention proposals. After selecting the main definitions among those available in the specific literature, they were scrutinized and codified to find those categories relevant to the analysis, which were in turn debated by 11 experts in a discussion forum. As a result, we provide a precise and useful definition of CPV phrased employing a gender perspective language.
10 Feb 2014
01 Jan 1988
TL;DR: Focus groups are becoming increasingly popular in research, especially in parent and child research as mentioned in this paper, and focus group interviews allow participants to tell their own stories, express their opinions, and...
Abstract: Focus groups are becoming increasingly popular in research, especially in parent and child research. Focus group interviews allow participants to tell their own stories, express their opinions, and...
TL;DR: In this article, the authors explored the exposure to violence in different settings (school, community, home, and TV) and its relationship to some variables of the social-cognitive processing (hostile social perception, impulsivity, ability to anticipate the consequences of social behaviors and to select the appropriate means to achieve the goals of social behaviours) in a group of juveniles who assaulted their parents.
Abstract: Research suggests that child-to-parent violence (CPV) is related to a previous history of violence within the family setting. The current study was aimed to explore the exposure to violence in different settings (school, community, home, and TV) and its relationship to some variables of the social-cognitive processing (hostile social perception, impulsivity, ability to anticipate the consequences of social behaviors and to select the appropriate means to achieve the goals of social behaviors) in a group of juveniles who assaulted their parents. It is also examined how they differ from other young offenders and non-offender adolescents. The sample included 90 adolescents from Jaen (Spain). Thirty of them were juveniles who had been reported by their parents for being violent towards them and 30 were juveniles who had committed other types of offences. The third group was made up of 30 adolescents without any criminal charge. Adolescents answered measures of exposure to violence, perception of criticism/rejection from parents, hostile social perception, and social problem- solving skills. Results revealed that juveniles who abused their parents reported higher levels of exposure to violence at home when comparing to the other groups. In addition, exposure to violence at home was significantly correlated to the hostile social perception of adolescents in CPV cases. Implications for prevention and treatment are discussed.
TL;DR: In this article, the importance of the quality of family relationships and different strategies of family discipline with regard to violent or prosocial behavior of adolescents toward their parents was analyzed in the context of child-to-parent violence.
Abstract: Child-to-parent violence is a social problem that is qualitatively different from other types of family violence, since adolescents direct their violence toward those who should represent authority and provide for their welfare One of the goals of this study was to analyze the importance of the quality of family relationships and different strategies of family discipline with regard to violent or prosocial behavior of adolescents toward their parents Structural Equation Modeling was used to test a model of violent behavior towards parents Participants were 585 children aged between 12 and 18 from eight schools in the Basque Country (Spain) Positive family discipline and supervision were not associated with lower levels of violence against parents Family relationships had direct effects on child-to-parent violence, and power-assertive discipline showed a mediating effect in that association It seems that affectivity and quality of family relationships are the most important aspects for preventing violent behaviors