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Open accessJournalISSN: 1664-1078

Frontiers in Psychology

About: Frontiers in Psychology is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Cognition & Population. It has an ISSN identifier of 1664-1078. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 25239 publication(s) have been published receiving 392419 citation(s). The journal is also known as: Front. Psychol. & Front Psychol. more

Topics: Cognition, Population, Anxiety more

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FPSYG.2014.00781
Zoltan Dienes1Institutions (1)
Abstract: No scientific conclusion follows automatically from a statistically non-significant result, yet people routinely use non-significant results to guide conclusions about the status of theories (or the effectiveness of practices). To know whether a non-significant result counts against a theory, or if it just indicates data insensitivity, researchers must use one of: power, intervals (such as confidence or credibility intervals), or else an indicator of the relative evidence for one theory over another, such as a Bayes factor. I argue Bayes factors allow theory to be linked to data in a way that overcomes the weaknesses of the other approaches. Specifically, Bayes factors use the data themselves to determine their sensitivity in distinguishing theories (unlike power), and they make use of those aspects of a theory’s predictions that are often easiest to specify (unlike power and intervals, which require specifying the minimal interesting value in order to address theory). Bayes factors provide a coherent approach to determining whether non-significant results support a null hypothesis over a theory, or whether the data are just insensitive. They allow accepting and rejecting the null hypothesis to be put on an equal footing. Concrete examples are provided to indicate the range of application of a simple online Bayes calculator, which reveal both the strengths and weaknesses of Bayes factors. more

Topics: Bayes factor (60%), Bayes' theorem (59%), Null hypothesis (52%) more

1,197 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FPSYG.2014.01072
Nienke Meulman1, Laurie A. Stowe1, Simone Sprenger1, Moniek Bresser1  +2 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) can reveal online processing differences between native speakers and second language (L2) learners during language comprehension. Using the P600 as a measure of native-likeness, we investigated processing of grammatical gender agreement in highly proficient immersed Romance L2 learners of Dutch. We demonstrate that these late learners consistently fail to show native-like sensitivity to gender violations. This appears to be due to a combination of differences from the gender marking in their L1 and the relatively opaque Dutch gender system. We find that L2 use predicts the effect magnitude of non-finite verb violations, a relatively regular and transparent construction, but not that of gender agreement violations. There were no effects of age of acquisition, length of residence, proficiency or offline gender knowledge. Additionally, a within-subject comparison of stimulus modalities (written vs. auditory) shows that immersed learners may show some of the effects only in the auditory modality; in non-finite verb violations, an early native-like N400 was only present for auditory stimuli. However, modality failed to influence the response to gender. Taken together, the results confirm the persistent problems of Romance learners of Dutch with online gender processing and show that they cannot be overcome by reducing task demands related to the modality of stimulus presentation. more

Topics: Grammatical gender (53%), Verb (52%), N400 (51%)

1,057 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FPSYG.2017.00839
Luca Rollè1, Laura Elvira Prino1, Cristina Sechi2, Laura Vismara2  +14 moreInstitutions (7)
Abstract: Objective: In the first year of the postpartum period, parenting stress, mental health, and dyadic adjustment are important for the wellbeing of both parents and the child. However, there are few studies that analyze the relationship among these three dimensions. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between parenting stress, mental health (depressive and anxiety symptoms), and dyadic adjustment among first-time parents. Method: We studied 268 parents (134 couples) of healthy babies. At 12 months postpartum, both parents filled out, in a counterbalanced order, the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the potential mediating effects of mental health on the relationship between parenting stress and dyadic adjustment. Results: Results showed the full mediation effect of mental health between parenting stress and dyadic adjustment. A multi-group analysis further found that the paths did not differ across mothers and fathers. Discussion: The results suggest that mental health is an important dimension that mediates the relationship between parenting stress and dyadic adjustment in the transition to parenthood. more

Topics: Postpartum period (55%), Mental health (55%)

969 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FPSYG.2012.00001
Ana B. Chica1, Paolo Bartolomeo1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The relationships between spatial attention and conscious perception are currently the object of intense debate. Recent evidence of double dissociations between attention and consciousness cast doubt on the time-honored concept of attention as a gateway to consciousness. Here we review evidence from behavioral, neurophysiologic, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging experiments, showing that distinct sorts of spatial attention can have different effects on visual conscious perception. While endogenous, or top-down attention, has weak influence on subsequent conscious perception of near-threshold stimuli, exogenous, or bottom-up forms of spatial attention appear instead to be a necessary, although not sufficient, step in the development of reportable visual experiences. Fronto-parietal networks important for spatial attention, with peculiar inter-hemispheric differences, constitute plausible neural substrates for the interactions between exogenous spatial attention and conscious perception. more

Topics: Consciousness (52%)

919 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FPSYG.2011.00001
Elysia Poggi Davis1, Claudia Buss1, L. Tugan Muftuler1, Kevin Head1  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Disruptions to brain development associated with shortened gestation place individuals at risk for the development of behavioral and psychological dysfunction throughout the lifespan. The purpose of the present study was to determine if the benefit for brain development conferred by increased gestational length exists on a continuum across the gestational age spectrum among healthy children with a stable neonatal course. Neurodevelopment was evaluated with structural magnetic resonance imaging in 100 healthy right-handed 6- to 10-year-old children born between 28 and 41 gestational weeks with a stable neonatal course. Data indicate that a longer gestational period confers an advantage for neurodevelopment. Longer duration of gestation was associated with region-specific increases in gray matter density. Further, the benefit of longer gestation for brain development was present even when only children born full term were considered. These findings demonstrate that even modest decreases in the duration of gestation can exert profound and lasting effects on neurodevelopment for both term and preterm infants and may contribute to long-term risk for health and disease. more

Topics: Gestational age (52%), Full Term (51%)

914 Citations

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Journal's top 5 most impactful authors

Gianluca Castelnuovo

42 papers, 998 citations

Bernhard Hommel

27 papers, 1.1K citations

Ståle Pallesen

15 papers, 293 citations

Giada Pietrabissa

15 papers, 884 citations

Gian Mauro Manzoni

14 papers, 359 citations

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