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A. Demma

Bio: A. Demma is an academic researcher from Imperial College London. The author has contributed to research in topics: Reflection (physics) & Guided wave testing. The author has an hindex of 6, co-authored 7 publications receiving 661 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A quantitative study of the reflection of the T(0,1) mode from defects in pipes in the frequency range 10-300 kHz has been carried out, finite element predictions being validated by experiments on selected cases.
Abstract: A quantitative study of the reflection of the T(0,1) mode from defects in pipes in the frequency range 10-300 kHz has been carried out, finite element predictions being validated by experiments on selected cases. Both cracklike defects with zero axial extent and notches with varying axial extents have been considered. The results show that the reflection coefficient from axisymmetric cracks increases monotonically with depth at all frequencies and increases with frequency at any given depth. In the frequency range of interest there is no mode conversion at axisymmetric defects. With nonaxisymmetric cracks, the reflection coefficient is a roughly linear function of the circumferential extent of the defect at relatively high frequencies, the reflection coefficient at low circumferential extents falling below the linear prediction at lower frequencies. With nonaxisymmetric defects, mode conversion to the F(1,2) mode is generally seen, and at lower frequencies the F(1,3) mode is also produced. The depth and circumferential extent are the parameters controlling the reflection from cracks; when notches having finite axial extent, rather than cracks, are considered, interference between the reflections from the start and the end of the notch causes a periodic variation of the reflection coefficient as a function of the axial extent of the notch. The results have been explained in terms of the wave-number-defect size product, ka. Low frequency scattering behavior is seen when ka 1.

264 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the effect of pipe size, defect size, guided wave mode and frequency on the reflection from notches was analyzed for a 3-in. schedule 40 steel pipe.
Abstract: Ultrasonic guided waves are used for the rapid screening of pipelines in service and simple, standard testing procedures are already defined. The implementation of the method enables the localization of the defects along the length of the pipe and offers a rough estimate of defect size. In this article we present a systematic analysis of the effect of pipe size, defect size, guided wave mode and frequency on the reflection from notches. The maximum and minimum value of the reflection coefficient at varying axial extent are identified and used for the purpose of defect sizing. Maps of reflection coefficient as a function of the circumferential extent and depth of the defect are presented for a 3 in. schedule 40 steel pipe. An approximate formula, which allows these results to be extrapolated to other pipe sizes, is proposed and evaluated.

253 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that it is possible to use this method to obtain the reflection from a notch of any depth and at any frequency, and the limits of this method in approximating cracklike defects have been studied.
Abstract: The scattering of the SH0 mode from discontinuities in the geometry of a plate has been studied. Both finite element and modal decomposition methods have been used to study the reflection and transmission characteristics from a thickness step in a plate, obtaining very good agreement. The significance of nonpropagating modes in the scattering from steps in plates has been specifically investigated. A method to approximate the reflection from rectangular notches by superimposing the reflection from a step down (start of the notch) and a step up (end of the notch) has been proposed. It is demonstrated that it is possible to use this method to obtain the reflection from a notch of any depth and at any frequency. The effect of frequency on the reflection from notches has been examined. The limits of this method in approximating cracklike defects have also been studied.

89 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the dispersion curves for toroidal structures have been calculated using a finite element method, as there is no available analytical solution, and the factors affecting the transmission and reflection behavior have been identified by studying a straight-curved-straight structure both numerically and experimentally.
Abstract: The practical testing of pipes in a pipe network has shown that there are issues concerning the propagation of ultrasonic guided waves through bends. It is therefore desirable to improve the understanding of the reflection and transmission characteristics of the bend. First, the dispersion curves for toroidal structures have been calculated using a finite element method, as there is no available analytical solution. Then the factors affecting the transmission and reflection behavior have been identified by studying a straight-curved-straight structure both numerically and experimentally. The frequency dependent transmission behavior obtained is explained in terms of the modes propagating in the straight and curved sections of the pipe.

74 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide a state-of-the-art review of guided wave based structural health monitoring (SHM) and highlight the future directions and open areas of research in guided wave-based SHM.
Abstract: The paper provides a state of the art review of guided wave based structural health monitoring (SHM). First, the fundamental concepts of guided wave propagation and its implementation for SHM is explained. Following sections present the different modeling schemes adopted, developments in the area of transducers for generation, and sensing of wave, signal processing and imaging technique, statistical and machine learning schemes for feature extraction. Next, a section is presented on the recent advancements in nonlinear guided wave for SHM. This is followed by section on Rayleigh and SH waves. Next is a section on real-life implementation of guided wave for industrial problems. The paper, though briefly talks about the early development for completeness,. is primarily focussed on the recent progress made in the last decade. The paper ends by discussing and highlighting the future directions and open areas of research in guided wave based SHM.

664 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors quantitatively describe two different methods to compensate for the temperature effect, namely optimal baseline selection (OBS) and baseline signal stretch (BSS), and investigate the effect of temperature separation between baseline time traces in OBS and the parameters used in the BSS method.

322 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the effect of pipe size, defect size, guided wave mode and frequency on the reflection from notches was analyzed for a 3-in. schedule 40 steel pipe.
Abstract: Ultrasonic guided waves are used for the rapid screening of pipelines in service and simple, standard testing procedures are already defined. The implementation of the method enables the localization of the defects along the length of the pipe and offers a rough estimate of defect size. In this article we present a systematic analysis of the effect of pipe size, defect size, guided wave mode and frequency on the reflection from notches. The maximum and minimum value of the reflection coefficient at varying axial extent are identified and used for the purpose of defect sizing. Maps of reflection coefficient as a function of the circumferential extent and depth of the defect are presented for a 3 in. schedule 40 steel pipe. An approximate formula, which allows these results to be extrapolated to other pipe sizes, is proposed and evaluated.

253 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Yan Shi1, Chao Zhang1, Rui Li1, Rui Li2, Maolin Cai1, Guanwei Jia1 
10 Dec 2015-Sensors
TL;DR: The main principles, measurement and processing of MFL data, the identification of the leakage magnetic signal is discussed, and future developments in pipeline MFL detection are predicted.
Abstract: Magnetic flux leakage (MFL) detection is one of the most popular methods of pipeline inspection. It is a nondestructive testing technique which uses magnetic sensitive sensors to detect the magnetic leakage field of defects on both the internal and external surfaces of pipelines. This paper introduces the main principles, measurement and processing of MFL data. As the key point of a quantitative analysis of MFL detection, the identification of the leakage magnetic signal is also discussed. In addition, the advantages and disadvantages of different identification methods are analyzed. Then the paper briefly introduces the expert systems used. At the end of this paper, future developments in pipeline MFL detection are predicted.

227 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a comprehensive review of shearography and active thermography and their applications in nondestructive evaluation of materials is presented, and a comparison of the advantages and limitations of two techniques for non-destructive evaluation is also presented.
Abstract: Shearography and thermography are optical techniques, both proven to be valuable tools for material nondestructive evaluation. Papers on these topics, however, are scattered and mainly appeared in optical journals. For the convenience of the materials community, this paper aims to present a comprehensive review of shearography and active thermography and their applications in nondestructive evaluation of materials. Both techniques enjoy the merits of full-field, non-contact and allowing speedy detection of material defects in metal, non-metal as well as composites materials. However, they are fundamentally different in flaw detection mechanisms. Shearography measures materials’ mechanical response to stresses, whereas active thermography measures material's heat-transfer response to an instantaneous thermal excitation. A comparison of the advantages and limitations of two techniques for nondestructive evaluation will also be presented.

219 citations