Bio: Brian Carse is an academic researcher from University of the West of England. The author has contributed to research in topics: Neuro-fuzzy & Fuzzy logic. The author has an hindex of 13, co-authored 46 publications receiving 678 citations.
TL;DR: An overview of current research applying the genetic algorithm to fuzzy rule based control is presented and a novel approach to genetics-based machine learning of fuzzy controllers, called a Pittsburgh Fuzzy Classifier System # 1 (P-FCS1), is proposed.
Abstract: The synthesis of genetics-based machine learning and fuzzy logic is beginning to show promise as a potent tool in solving complex control problems in multi-variate non-linear systems. In this paper an overview of current research applying the genetic algorithm to fuzzy rule based control is presented. A novel approach to genetics-based machine learning of fuzzy controllers, called a Pittsburgh Fuzzy Classifier System # 1 (P-FCS1) is proposed. P-FCS1 is based on the Pittsburgh model of learning classifier systems and employs variable length rule-sets and simultaneously evolves fuzzy set membership functions and relations. A new crossover operator which respects the functional linkage between fuzzy rules with overlapping input fuzzy set membership functions is introduced. Experimental results using P-FCS 1 are reported and compared with other published results. Application of P-FCS1 to a distributed control problem (dynamic routing in computer networks) is also described and experimental results are presented.
TL;DR: The intention of this contribution is to propose an approach to properly develop a fuzzy XCS system for single-step reinforcement problems.
Abstract: The issue of finding fuzzy models with an interpretability as good as possible without decreasing the accuracy is one of the main research topics on genetic fuzzy systems. When they are used to perform online reinforcement learning by means of Michigan-style fuzzy rule systems, this issue becomes even more difficult. Indeed, rule generalization (description of state-action relationships with rules as compact as possible) has received a great attention in the nonfuzzy evolutionary learning field (e.g., XCS is the subject of extensive ongoing research). However, the same issue does not appear to have received a similar level of attention in the case of Michigan-style fuzzy rule systems. This may be due to the difficulty in extending the discrete-valued system operation to the continuous case. The intention of this contribution is to propose an approach to properly develop a fuzzy XCS system for single-step reinforcement problems.
01 Apr 1996
TL;DR: A parsimonious allocation of training sets and training epochs to evaluation of candidate networks during evolution is proposed in order to accelerate the learning process.
Abstract: A hybrid algorithm for determining Radial Basis Function (RBF) networks is proposed. Evolutionary learning is applied to the non-linear problem of determining RBF network architecture (number of hidden layer nodes, basis function centres and widths) in conjunction with supervised gradient-based learning for tuning connection weights. A direct encoding of RBF hidden layer node basis function centres and widths is employed. The genetic operators utilised are adapted from those used in recent work on evolution of fuzzy inference systems. A parsimonious allocation of training sets and training epochs to evaluation of candidate networks during evolution is proposed in order to accelerate the learning process.
••09 Oct 1994
TL;DR: In this model genetic operations and fitness assignment apply to complete rule-sets, rather than to individual rules, thus overcoming the problem of conflicting individual and collective interests of classifiers.
Abstract: This paper describes a fuzzy classifier system using the Pittsburgh model. In this model genetic operations and fitness assignment apply to complete rule-sets, rather than to individual rules, thus overcoming the problem of conflicting individual and collective interests of classifiers. The fuzzy classifier system presented here dynamically adjusts both membership functions and fuzzy relations. A modified crossover operator for particular use in Pittsburgh-style fuzzy classifier systems, with variable length rule-sets, is introduced and evaluated. Experimental results of the new system, which appear encouraging, are presented and discussed.
TL;DR: This article describes some of the important currently used methods for solving classification problems, focusing on feature selection and extraction as parts of the overall classification task, and proposes that the next major step is the elaboration of a theory of how the methods ofselection and extraction interact during the classification process for particular problem domains.
Abstract: In this article, we describe some of the important currently used methods for solving classification problems, focusing on feature selection and extraction as parts of the overall classification task. We then go on to discuss likely future directions for research in this area, in the context of the other articles from this special issue. We propose that the next major step is the elaboration of a theory of how the methods of selection and extraction interact during the classification process for particular problem domains, along with any learning that may be part of the algorithms. Preferably this theory should be tested on a set of well-established benchmark challenge problems. Using this theory, we will be better able to identify the specific combinations that will achieve best classification performance for new tasks.
••01 Feb 2004
TL;DR: An approach to the online learning of Takagi-Sugeno (TS) type models is proposed, based on a novel learning algorithm that recursively updates TS model structure and parameters by combining supervised and unsupervised learning.
Abstract: An approach to the online learning of Takagi-Sugeno (TS) type models is proposed in the paper. It is based on a novel learning algorithm that recursively updates TS model structure and parameters by combining supervised and unsupervised learning. The rule-base and parameters of the TS model continually evolve by adding new rules with more summarization power and by modifying existing rules and parameters. In this way, the rule-base structure is inherited and up-dated when new data become available. By applying this learning concept to the TS model we arrive at a new type adaptive model called the Evolving Takagi-Sugeno model (ETS). The adaptive nature of these evolving TS models in combination with the highly transparent and compact form of fuzzy rules makes them a promising candidate for online modeling and control of complex processes, competitive to neural networks. The approach has been tested on data from an air-conditioning installation serving a real building. The results illustrate the viability and efficiency of the approach. The proposed concept, however, has significantly wider implications in a number of fields, including adaptive nonlinear control, fault detection and diagnostics, performance analysis, forecasting, knowledge extraction, robotics, behavior modeling.
••29 Apr 2010
TL;DR: Reinforcement Learning and Dynamic Programming Using Function Approximators provides a comprehensive and unparalleled exploration of the field of RL and DP, with a focus on continuous-variable problems.
Abstract: From household appliances to applications in robotics, engineered systems involving complex dynamics can only be as effective as the algorithms that control them. While Dynamic Programming (DP) has provided researchers with a way to optimally solve decision and control problems involving complex dynamic systems, its practical value was limited by algorithms that lacked the capacity to scale up to realistic problems. However, in recent years, dramatic developments in Reinforcement Learning (RL), the model-free counterpart of DP, changed our understanding of what is possible. Those developments led to the creation of reliable methods that can be applied even when a mathematical model of the system is unavailable, allowing researchers to solve challenging control problems in engineering, as well as in a variety of other disciplines, including economics, medicine, and artificial intelligence. Reinforcement Learning and Dynamic Programming Using Function Approximators provides a comprehensive and unparalleled exploration of the field of RL and DP. With a focus on continuous-variable problems, this seminal text details essential developments that have substantially altered the field over the past decade. In its pages, pioneering experts provide a concise introduction to classical RL and DP, followed by an extensive presentation of the state-of-the-art and novel methods in RL and DP with approximation. Combining algorithm development with theoretical guarantees, they elaborate on their work with illustrative examples and insightful comparisons. Three individual chapters are dedicated to representative algorithms from each of the major classes of techniques: value iteration, policy iteration, and policy search. The features and performance of these algorithms are highlighted in extensive experimental studies on a range of control applications. The recent development of applications involving complex systems has led to a surge of interest in RL and DP methods and the subsequent need for a quality resource on the subject. For graduate students and others new to the field, this book offers a thorough introduction to both the basics and emerging methods. And for those researchers and practitioners working in the fields of optimal and adaptive control, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and operations research, this resource offers a combination of practical algorithms, theoretical analysis, and comprehensive examples that they will be able to adapt and apply to their own work. Access the authors' website at www.dcsc.tudelft.nl/rlbook/ for additional material, including computer code used in the studies and information concerning new developments.
TL;DR: The objective of this paper is to provide an account of genetic fuzzy systems, with special attention to genetic fuzzy rule-based systems.
Abstract: Fuzzy systems have demonstrated their ability to solve different kinds of problems in various application domains. Currently, there is an increasing interest to augment fuzzy systems with learning and adaptation capabilities. Two of the most successful approaches to hybridise fuzzy systems with learning and adaptation methods have been made in the realm of soft computing. Neural fuzzy systems and genetic fuzzy systems hybridise the approximate reasoning method of fuzzy systems with the learning capabilities of neural networks and evolutionary algorithms. The objective of this paper is to provide an account of genetic fuzzy systems, with special attention to genetic fuzzy rule-based systems. After a brief introduction to models and applications of genetic fuzzy systems, the field is overviewed, new trends are identified, a critical evaluation of genetic fuzzy systems for fuzzy knowledge extraction is elaborated, and open questions that remain to be addressed in the future are raised. The paper also includes some of the key references required to quickly access implementation details of genetic fuzzy systems.
15 Feb 2002
TL;DR: Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems Evolutionary Computation Introduction to Genetic Fuzzy Systems Genetic Tuning Processes Learning with Genetic Algorithms and Other Kinds of Evolutionary Fuzzies Applications.
Abstract: Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems Evolutionary Computation Introduction to Genetic Fuzzy Systems Genetic Tuning Processes Learning with Genetic Algorithms Genetic Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems Based on the Michigan Approach Genetic Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems Based on the Pittsburgh Approach Genetic Fuzzy Rule-Based Systems Based on the lterative Rule Learning Approach Other Genetic Fuzzy Rule-Based System Other Kinds of Evolutionary Fuzzy Systems Applications.
TL;DR: An overview of the field of GFSs, with a taxonomy proposal focused on the fuzzy system components involved in the genetic learning process, and some potential future research directions.
Abstract: The use of genetic algorithms for designing fuzzy systems provides them with the learning and adaptation capabilities and is called genetic fuzzy systems (GFSs). This topic has attracted considerable attention in the Computation Intelligence community in the last few years. This paper gives an overview of the field of GFSs, being organized in the following four parts: (a) a taxonomy proposal focused on the fuzzy system components involved in the genetic learning process; (b) a quick snapshot of the GFSs status paying attention to the pioneer GFSs contributions, showing the GFSs visibility at ISI Web of Science including the most cited papers and pointing out the milestones covered by the books and the special issues in the topic; (c) the current research lines together with a discussion on critical considerations of the recent developments; and (d) some potential future research directions.