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Cheng-Shan Guo

Bio: Cheng-Shan Guo is an academic researcher from Shandong Normal University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Holography & Polarization (waves). The author has an hindex of 21, co-authored 77 publications receiving 1877 citations. Previous affiliations of Cheng-Shan Guo include Nanjing University & Nankai University.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A computer-generated hologram is introduced onto SLM for performing the beam conversion and optical realization of a variety of polarization configurations confirms the reliability and flexibility of the method.
Abstract: We describe a convenient approach for generating arbitrary vector beams in a 4-f system with a spatial light modulator (SLM) and a common path interferometric arrangement. A computer-generated hologram is introduced onto SLM for performing the beam conversion. Optical realization of a variety of polarization configurations confirms the reliability and flexibility of our method.

439 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Optical trapping experiments validate that the vector fields, which have no additional phase vortex, exert torques to drive the orbital motion of the trapped isotropic microspheres.
Abstract: We predict a new category of optical orbital angular momentum that is associated with the curl of polarization and a kind of vector field with radial-variant hybrid states of polarization that can carry such novel optical orbital angular momentum. We present a scheme for creating the desired vector fields. Optical trapping experiments validate that the vector fields, which have no additional phase vortex, exert torques to drive the orbital motion of the trapped isotropic microspheres.

204 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An idea based on Poincaré sphere is presented and the creation of a new type of vector fields, which have hybrid states of polarization, which are anticipated to result in new effects, phenomena, and applications.
Abstract: We present an idea based on Poincare sphere and demonstrate the creation of a new type of vector fields, which have hybrid states of polarization. Such a type of hybridly polarized vector fields have completely different property from the reported scalar and vector fields. The novel vector fields are anticipated to result in new effects, phenomena, and applications.

181 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The spatial frequency property of the far-field diffraction intensity pattern of an optical vortex after passing through an annular aperture is explored and it is revealed that the spatial spectrum consists of alternate bright and dark rings and the number of the bright rings is nicely identical to the absolute value of the topological charge.
Abstract: We explore the spatial frequency property of the far-field diffraction intensity pattern of an optical vortex after passing through an annular aperture in detail. The result reveals that the spatial spectrum consists of alternate bright and dark rings and, in particular, the number of the bright rings is nicely identical to the absolute value of the topological charge. Based on this property, we present and demonstrate a simple technique to characterize the topological charge of an optical vortex through its diffraction intensity pattern after an annular aperture.

142 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Theoretical analysis and real experiments show that the LGSF possesses some advantages in comparison with the conventional spiral phase plate, which allows us to realize a radial Hilbert transform for achieving a high contrast edge enhancement with high resolution.
Abstract: We analyze the point spread function (PSF) of the image processing system for radial Hilbert transform and propose a novel spiral phase filter, called the Laguerre-Gaussian spatial filter (LGSF). Theoretical analysis and real experiments show that the LGSF possesses some advantages in comparison with the conventional spiral phase plate (SPP). For example, the PSF of the imaging system with a LGSF presents smaller suboscillations than that with the conventional SPP, which allows us to realize a radial Hilbert transform for achieving a high contrast edge enhancement with high resolution.

100 citations


Cited by
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Journal Article
TL;DR: In this article, a fast Fourier transform method of topography and interferometry is proposed to discriminate between elevation and depression of the object or wave-front form, which has not been possible by the fringe-contour generation techniques.
Abstract: A fast-Fourier-transform method of topography and interferometry is proposed. By computer processing of a noncontour type of fringe pattern, automatic discrimination is achieved between elevation and depression of the object or wave-front form, which has not been possible by the fringe-contour-generation techniques. The method has advantages over moire topography and conventional fringe-contour interferometry in both accuracy and sensitivity. Unlike fringe-scanning techniques, the method is easy to apply because it uses no moving components.

3,742 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Qiwen Zhan1
TL;DR: An overview of the recent developments in the field of cylindrical vector beams is provided in this paper, where the authors also discuss the potential of using these beams in other fields.
Abstract: An overview of the recent developments in the field of cylindrical vector beams is provided. As one class of spatially variant polarization, cylindrical vector beams are the axially symmetric beam solution to the full vector electromagnetic wave equation. These beams can be generated via different active and passive methods. Techniques for manipulating these beams while maintaining the polarization symmetry have also been developed. Their special polarization symmetry gives rise to unique high-numerical-aperture focusing properties that find important applications in nanoscale optical imaging and manipulation. The prospects for cylindrical vector beams and their applications in other fields are also briefly discussed.

2,361 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The fact that light carries both linear and angular momentum is well-known to physicists as discussed by the authors, and one application of the linear momentum of light is for optical tweezers, in which the refraction of a laser beam through a particle provides a reaction force that draws the particle towards the centre of the beam.
Abstract: The fact that light carries both linear and angular momentum is well-known to physicists. One application of the linear momentum of light is for optical tweezers, in which the refraction of a laser beam through a particle provides a reaction force that draws the particle towards the centre of the beam. The angular momentum of light can also be transfered to particles, causing them to spin. In fact, the angular momentum of light has two components that act through different mechanisms on various types of particle. This Review covers the creation of such beams and how their unusual intensity, polarization and phase structure has been put to use in the field of optical manipulation.

1,679 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this article, a self-scanned 1024 element photodiode array and a minicomputer are used to measure the phase (wavefront) in the interference pattern of an interferometer to lambda/100.
Abstract: A self-scanned 1024 element photodiode array and minicomputer are used to measure the phase (wavefront) in the interference pattern of an interferometer to lambda/100. The photodiode array samples intensities over a 32 x 32 matrix in the interference pattern as the length of the reference arm is varied piezoelectrically. Using these data the minicomputer synchronously detects the phase at each of the 1024 points by a Fourier series method and displays the wavefront in contour and perspective plot on a storage oscilloscope in less than 1 min (Bruning et al. Paper WE16, OSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 1972). The array of intensities is sampled and averaged many times in a random fashion so that the effects of air turbulence, vibrations, and thermal drifts are minimized. Very significant is the fact that wavefront errors in the interferometer are easily determined and may be automatically subtracted from current or subsequent wavefrots. Various programs supporting the measurement system include software for determining the aperture boundary, sum and difference of wavefronts, removal or insertion of tilt and focus errors, and routines for spatial manipulation of wavefronts. FFT programs transform wavefront data into point spread function and modulus and phase of the optical transfer function of lenses. Display programs plot these functions in contour and perspective. The system has been designed to optimize the collection of data to give higher than usual accuracy in measuring the individual elements and final performance of assembled diffraction limited optical systems, and furthermore, the short loop time of a few minutes makes the system an attractive alternative to constraints imposed by test glasses in the optical shop.

1,300 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Digital holography is an emerging field of new paradigm in general imaging applications as discussed by the authors, and a review of a subset of the research and development activities in digital holographic microscopy techniques and applications is presented.
Abstract: Digital holography is an emerging field of new paradigm in general imaging applications. We present a review of a subset of the research and development activities in digital holography, with emphasis on microscopy techniques and applications. First, the basic results from the general theory of holography, based on the scalar diffraction theory, are summarized, and a general description of the digital holographic microscopy process is given, including quantitative phase microscopy. Several numerical diffraction methods are described and compared, and a number of representative configurations used in digital holography are described, including off-axis Fresnel, Fourier, image plane, in-line, Gabor, and phase-shifting digital holographies. Then we survey numerical techniques that give rise to unique capabilities of digital holography, including suppression of dc and twin image terms, pixel resolution control, optical phase unwrapping, aberration compensation, and others. A survey is also given of representative application areas, including biomedical microscopy, particle field holography, micrometrology, and holographic tomography, as well as some of the special techniques, such as holography of total internal reflection, optical scanning holography, digital interference holography, and heterodyne holography. The review is intended for students and new researchers interested in developing new techniques and exploring new applications of digital holography.

672 citations