Other affiliations: Giresun University
Bio: Derya Yanmis is an academic researcher from Atatürk University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Essential oil & Mentha longifolia. The author has an hindex of 11, co-authored 30 publications receiving 437 citations. Previous affiliations of Derya Yanmis include Giresun University.
TL;DR: It is suggested that melatonin can improve plant resistance to cold stress in wheat seedlings by directly scavenging ROS and by modulating redox balance and other defence mechanisms.
Abstract: We investigated the possible mediatory role of melatonin in protecting wheat plants from cold stress. Ten-day-old wheat seedlings were pretreated with 1 mmol l−1 melatonin for 12 h and subsequently exposed to stress conditions at 5/2 °C (day/night) for 3 days. Cold stress caused serious reductions in leaf surface area, water content, and photosynthetic pigment content, whereas melatonin application attenuated these reductions. Accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, was very high in cold-stressed plants and caused lipid peroxidation in membranes. Concomitantly, ROS damaged the DNA profile and negatively influenced expression and/or activity of many enzymes, including RuBisCo. When compared to controls, cold-stressed plants had higher activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, guaicol peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, and glutathione reductase and higher levels of the antioxidant compounds total ascorbate, reduced ascorbate, total glutathione, reduced glutathione, and phenolic substances; however, this elevation could not cope with the destructive effects of cold stress. Melatonin-pretreated plants exhibited greater increases in these parameters comparison with untreated cold-stressed plants. Isozyme bands monitored in native gel and RuBisCo expression supported these changes. Also, due to the cold-induced increase in dehydroascorbate and oxidized glutathione, the corrupted redox status in the cell was ameliorated by melatonin application. Similarly, levels of the osmoprotectants total soluble protein, carbohydrate, and proline were also increased by cold stress; however, melatonin-applied seedlings had a higher content of these solutes in comparison to untreated cold-stressed plants. We suggest that melatonin can improve plant resistance to cold stress in wheat seedlings by directly scavenging ROS and by modulating redox balance and other defence mechanisms.
TL;DR: The findings showed that the antimutagenic properties of luteolin derivatives on TA1537 and TA1535 strains have been found to be structure dependent.
Abstract: This study was designed to evaluate the mutagenic and antimutagenic activities of luteolin derivatives (luteolin 7-O-glucoside, luteolin 7-O-rutinoside and luteolin 7-O-glucuronide) isolated from Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds. subsp. longifolia by using Ames Salmonella test (TA 1535 and TA1537 strains). In the antimutagenicity assays, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, luteolin 7-O-rutinoside and luteolin 7-O-glucuronide showed antimutagenic effects on TA1537 and TA1535 strains. The highest inhibition rates for luteolin 7-O-glucoside, luteolin 7-O-rutinoside and luteolin 7-O-glucuronide on TA1537 strain were 84.03%, 87.63% and 67.77%, respectively. Similarly, in the antimutagenicity assays performed with the TA1535 strain, the inhibition rates for luteolin 7-O-glucoside and luteolin 7-O-rutinoside were 23.86% and 23.76% respectively. Our findings showed that the antimutagenic properties of luteolin derivatives on TA1537 and TA1535 strains have been found to be structure dependent. The clarification of differences in antimutagenic potency of these luteolin derivatives based on their structures has been demonstrated in this study.
TL;DR: The results reported here are indicative of a new GI with desirable kinetics and stability parameters for the efficient production of HFCS at industrial scale.
Abstract: In the continuing search for novel enzymes suitable for the production of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), a new glucose isomerase (GI) from the thermophile Anoxybacillus gonensis G2T is described. The gene encoding this GI (AgoG2GI) was cloned and then engineered for heterologous expression in Escherichia coli. The recombinant enzyme was purified from the heat treated cell-free extract by anion exchange chromatography followed by hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The purified enzyme showed optimal activity at 85 °C and pH 6.5. The steady state parameters of Km and kcat with d -glucose were found to be 146.08 ± 9.50 mM and 36.47 ± 2.01 (1/s), respectively. l- arabinose, d -ribose and d -mannose also served as substrates for the enzyme with comparable kinetic parameters. AgoG2GI requires the divalent cations of Co2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+ for its maximal activity and thermostability. The results reported here are indicative of a new GI with desirable kinetics and stability parameters for the efficient production of HFCS at industrial scale.
TL;DR: The results revealed that the essential oils of S. hortensis and C. nepeta have significant antibacterial activity and are valuable for future investigations focusing on the alternative natural compounds to control plant diseases.
Abstract: In this study, we aimed to determine chemical composition and antibacterial activities of Satureja hortensis and Calamintha nepeta against to 20 phytopathogenic bacteria causing serious crop loss. The essential oils of S. hortensis and C. nepeta were isolated by the hydrodistillation method and the chemical composition of the essential oils were analyzed by GC-MS. The antibacterial properties of the essential oils were evaluated against 20 phytopathogenic bacteria through Disc diffusion assay and micro dilution assay. The results revealed that the essential oils of S. hortensis and C. nepeta have significant antibacterial activity. Furthermore, the findings of the study are valuable for future investigations focusing on the alternative natural compounds to control plant diseases.
TL;DR: The basis of interactions between plants, like allelopathy, may be related with genotoxic effects of EO, and the data observed from the protein profiles of sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that there was a little differentiation between band profiles of treated samples and control group.
Abstract: We aimed to determine the genotoxic potential of essential oil (EO) obtained from Nepeta nuda. The chemical content of EO was measured via gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The most abundant co...
01 Jan 1979
TL;DR: The multiple changes in gene expression caused by melatonin point to its role as a multiregulatory molecule capable of coordinating many aspects of plant development, suggesting that melatonin is an excellent prospect for crop improvement.
Abstract: The number of studies on melatonin in plants has increased significantly in recent years. This molecule, with a large set of functions in animals, has also shown great potential in plant physiology. This review outlines the main functions of melatonin in the physiology of higher plants. Its role as antistress agent against abiotic stressors, such as drought, salinity, low and high ambient temperatures, UV radiation and toxic chemicals, is analyzed. The latest data on their role in plant-pathogen interactions are also discussed. Both abiotic and biotic stresses produce a significant increase in endogenous melatonin levels, indicating its possible role as effector in these situations. The existence of endogenous circadian rhythms in melatonin levels has been demonstrated in some species, and the data, although limited, suggest a central role of this molecule in the day/night cycles in plants. Finally, another aspect that has led to a large volume of research is the involvement of melatonin in aspects of plant development regulation. Although its role as a plant hormone is still far of from being fully established, its involvement in processes such as growth, rhizogenesis, and photosynthesis seems evident. The multiple changes in gene expression caused by melatonin point to its role as a multiregulatory molecule capable of coordinating many aspects of plant development. This last aspect, together with its role as an alleviating-stressor agent, suggests that melatonin is an excellent prospect for crop improvement.
TL;DR: Recent data on the gene-regulation capacity of melatonin point to many interesting features, such as the upregulation of anti-stress genes and recent aspects of the auxin-independent effects ofmelatonin as a plant growth regulator, which makes melatonin an interesting candidate for use as a natural biostimulating treatment for field crops.
Abstract: Melatonin regulates the growth of roots, shoots, and explants, to activate seed germination and rhizogenesis and to delay induced leaf senescence. The antioxidant properties of melatonin would seem to explain, at least partially, its ability to fortify plants subjected to abiotic stress. In this Review we examine recent data on the gene-regulation capacity of melatonin that point to many interesting features, such as the upregulation of anti-stress genes and recent aspects of the auxin-independent effects of melatonin as a plant growth regulator. This, together with the recent data on endogenous melatonin biosynthesis induction by environmental factors, makes melatonin an interesting candidate for use as a natural biostimulating treatment for field crops.
TL;DR: Promising chemical agents such as sodium nitroprusside, hydrogen peroxide, sodium hydrosulfide, melatonin, and polyamines that can potentially confer enhanced tolerance when plants are exposed to multiple abiotic stresses are reviewed.
Abstract: Crop plants are subjected to multiple abiotic stresses during their lifespan that greatly reduce productivity and threaten global food security. Recent research suggests that plants can be primed by chemical compounds to better tolerate different abiotic stresses. Chemical priming is a promising field in plant stress physiology and crop stress management. We review here promising chemical agents such as sodium nitroprusside, hydrogen peroxide, sodium hydrosulfide, melatonin, and polyamines that can potentially confer enhanced tolerance when plants are exposed to multiple abiotic stresses. The challenges and opportunities of chemical priming are addressed, with the aim to boost future research towards effective application in crop stress management.
TL;DR: It is argued that the availability of promising technical and analytical methods will shed further light on the important roles that gene flow and divergent selection have in shaping the genomic landscape of speciation and proposes a road map for future speciation research.
Abstract: Speciation, the evolution of reproductive isolation among populations, is continuous, complex, and involves multiple, interacting barriers. Until it is complete, the effects of this process vary along the genome and can lead to a heterogeneous genomic landscape with peaks and troughs of differentiation and divergence. When gene flow occurs during speciation, barriers restricting gene flow locally in the genome lead to patterns of heterogeneity. However, genomic heterogeneity can also be produced or modified by variation in factors such as background selection and selective sweeps, recombination and mutation rate variation, and heterogeneous gene density. Extracting the effects of gene flow, divergent selection and reproductive isolation from such modifying factors presents a major challenge to speciation genomics. We argue one of the principal aims of the field is to identify the barrier loci involved in limiting gene flow. We first summarize the expected signatures of selection at barrier loci, at the genomic regions linked to them and across the entire genome. We then discuss the modifying factors that complicate the interpretation of the observed genomic landscape. Finally, we end with a road map for future speciation research: a proposal for how to account for these modifying factors and to progress towards understanding the nature of barrier loci. Despite the difficulties of interpreting empirical data, we argue that the availability of promising technical and analytical methods will shed further light on the important roles that gene flow and divergent selection have in shaping the genomic landscape of speciation.