Other affiliations: De Montfort University, University of Science and Technology Beijing, University of Southampton
Bio: Liming Chen is an academic researcher from Ulster University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Activity recognition & Ontology (information science). The author has an hindex of 28, co-authored 220 publications receiving 4411 citations. Previous affiliations of Liming Chen include De Montfort University & University of Science and Technology Beijing.
Papers published on a yearly basis
••01 Nov 2012
TL;DR: A comprehensive survey to examine the development and current status of various aspects of sensor-based activity recognition, making a primary distinction in this paper between data-driven and knowledge-driven approaches.
Abstract: Research on sensor-based activity recognition has, recently, made significant progress and is attracting growing attention in a number of disciplines and application domains. However, there is a lack of high-level overview on this topic that can inform related communities of the research state of the art. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey to examine the development and current status of various aspects of sensor-based activity recognition. We first discuss the general rationale and distinctions of vision-based and sensor-based activity recognition. Then, we review the major approaches and methods associated with sensor-based activity monitoring, modeling, and recognition from which strengths and weaknesses of those approaches are highlighted. We make a primary distinction in this paper between data-driven and knowledge-driven approaches, and use this distinction to structure our survey. We also discuss some promising directions for future research.
TL;DR: This paper presents a generic system architecture for the proposed knowledge-driven approach to real-time, continuous activity recognition based on multisensor data streams in smart homes, and describes the underlying ontology-based recognition process.
Abstract: This paper introduces a knowledge-driven approach to real-time, continuous activity recognition based on multisensor data streams in smart homes The approach goes beyond the traditional data-centric methods for activity recognition in three ways First, it makes extensive use of domain knowledge in the life cycle of activity recognition Second, it uses ontologies for explicit context and activity modeling and representation Third and finally, it exploits semantic reasoning and classification for activity inferencing, thus enabling both coarse-grained and fine-grained activity recognition In this paper, we analyze the characteristics of smart homes and Activities of Daily Living (ADL) upon which we built both context and ADL ontologies We present a generic system architecture for the proposed knowledge-driven approach and describe the underlying ontology-based recognition process Special emphasis is placed on semantic subsumption reasoning algorithms for activity recognition The proposed approach has been implemented in a function-rich software system, which was deployed in a smart home research laboratory We evaluated the proposed approach and the developed system through extensive experiments involving a number of various ADL use scenarios An average activity recognition rate of 9444 percent was achieved and the average recognition runtime per recognition operation was measured as 25 seconds
TL;DR: A novel approach to activity recognition based on the use of ontological modeling, representation and reasoning, aiming to consolidate and improve existing approaches in terms of scalability, applicability and easy‐of‐use is introduced.
Abstract: Purpose – This paper aims to serve two main purposes. In the first instance it aims to it provide an overview addressing the state‐of‐the‐art in the area of activity recognition, in particular, in the area of object‐based activity recognition. This will provide the necessary material to inform relevant research communities of the latest developments in this area in addition to providing a reference for researchers and system developers who ware working towards the design and development of activity‐based context aware applications. In the second instance this paper introduces a novel approach to activity recognition based on the use of ontological modeling, representation and reasoning, aiming to consolidate and improve existing approaches in terms of scalability, applicability and easy‐of‐use.Design/methodology/approach – The paper initially reviews the existing approaches and algorithms, which have been used for activity recognition in a number of related areas. From each of these, their strengths and w...
TL;DR: A novel approach to real-time sensor data segmentation for continuous activity recognition based on the notion of varied time windows, which can shrink and expand the segmentation window size by using temporal information of sensor data and activities as well as the state of activity recognition.
TL;DR: An ontology-based hybrid approach to activity modeling that combines domain knowledge based model specification and data-driven model learning is introduced that has been implemented in a feature-rich assistive living system.
Abstract: Activity models play a critical role for activity recognition and assistance in ambient assisted living. Existing approaches to activity modeling suffer from a number of problems, e.g., cold-start, model reusability, and incompleteness. In an effort to address these problems, we introduce an ontology-based hybrid approach to activity modeling that combines domain knowledge based model specification and data-driven model learning. Central to the approach is an iterative process that begins with “seed” activity models created by ontological engineering. The “seed” models are deployed, and subsequently evolved through incremental activity discovery and model update. While our previous work has detailed ontological activity modeling and activity recognition, this paper focuses on the systematic hybrid approach and associated methods and inference rules for learning new activities and user activity profiles. The approach has been implemented in a feature-rich assistive living system. Analysis of the experiments conducted has been undertaken in an effort to test and evaluate the activity learning algorithms and associated mechanisms.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
TL;DR: Reading a book as this basics of qualitative research grounded theory procedures and techniques and other references can enrich your life quality.
TL;DR: As an example of how the current "war on terrorism" could generate a durable civic renewal, Putnam points to the burst in civic practices that occurred during and after World War II, which he says "permanently marked" the generation that lived through it and had a "terrific effect on American public life over the last half-century."
Abstract: The present historical moment may seem a particularly inopportune time to review Bowling Alone, Robert Putnam's latest exploration of civic decline in America. After all, the outpouring of volunteerism, solidarity, patriotism, and self-sacrifice displayed by Americans in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks appears to fly in the face of Putnam's central argument: that \"social capital\" -defined as \"social networks and the norms of reciprocity and trustworthiness that arise from them\" (p. 19)'has declined to dangerously low levels in America over the last three decades. However, Putnam is not fazed in the least by the recent effusion of solidarity. Quite the contrary, he sees in it the potential to \"reverse what has been a 30to 40-year steady decline in most measures of connectedness or community.\"' As an example of how the current \"war on terrorism\" could generate a durable civic renewal, Putnam points to the burst in civic practices that occurred during and after World War II, which he says \"permanently marked\" the generation that lived through it and had a \"terrific effect on American public life over the last half-century.\" 3 If Americans can follow this example and channel their current civic
TL;DR: The state of the art in HAR based on wearable sensors is surveyed and a two-level taxonomy in accordance to the learning approach and the response time is proposed.
Abstract: Providing accurate and opportune information on people's activities and behaviors is one of the most important tasks in pervasive computing. Innumerable applications can be visualized, for instance, in medical, security, entertainment, and tactical scenarios. Despite human activity recognition (HAR) being an active field for more than a decade, there are still key aspects that, if addressed, would constitute a significant turn in the way people interact with mobile devices. This paper surveys the state of the art in HAR based on wearable sensors. A general architecture is first presented along with a description of the main components of any HAR system. We also propose a two-level taxonomy in accordance to the learning approach (either supervised or semi-supervised) and the response time (either offline or online). Then, the principal issues and challenges are discussed, as well as the main solutions to each one of them. Twenty eight systems are qualitatively evaluated in terms of recognition performance, energy consumption, obtrusiveness, and flexibility, among others. Finally, we present some open problems and ideas that, due to their high relevance, should be addressed in future research.