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Mengliang Yao

Bio: Mengliang Yao is an academic researcher from Boston College. The author has contributed to research in topics: Thermoelectric effect & Electrical resistivity and conductivity. The author has an hindex of 10, co-authored 17 publications receiving 528 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is emphasized that a high power factor (PF) is equivalently important for high power generation, in addition to high efficiency, because power is determined by (Th − Tc)2(S2σ)/L, where Th, Tc, and L are the hot and cold side temperatures, and leg length, respectively.
Abstract: Thermoelectric power generation is one of the most promising techniques to use the huge amount of waste heat and solar energy. Traditionally, high thermoelectric figure-of-merit, ZT, has been the only parameter pursued for high conversion efficiency. Here, we emphasize that a high power factor (PF) is equivalently important for high power generation, in addition to high efficiency. A new n-type Mg2Sn-based material, Mg2Sn0.75Ge0.25, is a good example to meet the dual requirements in efficiency and output power. It was found that Mg2Sn0.75Ge0.25 has an average ZT of 0.9 and PF of 52 μW⋅cm−1⋅K−2 over the temperature range of 25–450 °C, a peak ZT of 1.4 at 450 °C, and peak PF of 55 μW⋅cm−1⋅K−2 at 350 °C. By using the energy balance of one-dimensional heat flow equation, leg efficiency and output power were calculated with Th = 400 °C and Tc = 50 °C to be of 10.5% and 6.6 W⋅cm−2 under a temperature gradient of 150 °C⋅mm−1, respectively.

185 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the Seebeck coefficient and power factor of n-type PbSe at temperatures below 600 K were investigated and it was found that the higher Seebeck coefficients and power factors are due to higher Hall mobility ≈1000 cm2 V−1s−1 at lower carrier concentration.
Abstract: Ti, V, Cr, Nb, and Mo are found to be effective at increasing the Seebeck coefficient and power factor of n-type PbSe at temperatures below 600 K. It is found that the higher Seebeck coefficients and power factors are due to higher Hall mobility ≈1000 cm2 V−1s−1 at lower carrier concentration. A larger average ZT value (relevant for applications) can be obtained by an optimization of carrier concentration to ≈1018–1019 cm−3. Even though the highest room temperature power factor ≈3.3 × 10−3 W m−1 K−2 is found in 1 at% Mo-doped PbSe, the highest ZT is achieved in Cr-doped PbSe. Combined with the lower thermal conductivity, ZT is improved to ≈0.4 at room temperature and peak ZTs of ≈1.0 are observed at ≈573 K for Pb0.9925Cr0.0075Se and ≈673 K for Pb0.995Cr0.005Se. The calculated device efficiency of Pb0.995Cr0.005Se is as high as ≈12.5% with cold side 300 K and hot side 873 K, higher than those of all the n-type PbSe materials reported in the literature.

92 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the evolution of the electronic properties of electron-doped (Sr1-xLax)2IrO4 is experimentally explored as the doping limit of La is approached.
Abstract: The evolution of the electronic properties of electron-doped (Sr1-xLax)2IrO4 is experimentally explored as the doping limit of La is approached. As electrons are introduced, the electronic ground state transitions from a spin-orbit Mott phase into an electronically phase separated state, where long-range magnetic order vanishes beyond x = 0:02 and charge transport remains percolative up to the limit of La substitution (x =0:06). In particular, the electronic ground state remains inhomogeneous even beyond the collapse of the parent state's long-range antiferromagnetic order, while persistent short-range magnetism survives up to the highest La-substitution levels. Furthermore, as electrons are doped into Sr2IrO4, we observe the appearance of a low temperature magnetic glass-like state intermediate to the complete suppression of antiferromagnetic order. Universalities and di erences in the electron-doped phase diagrams of single layer and bilayer Ruddlesden-Popper strontium iridates are discussed.

84 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, surface treatments remove chemicals or absorbed molecules on the surface of Bi2S3 particles, leading to a significant decrease or even elimination of barrier energy at grain boundaries and hence yield a higher power factor.

68 citations

01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this paper, the Seebeck coefficient and power factor of n-type PbSe at temperatures below 600 K were investigated and it was found that the higher Seebeck coefficients and power factors are due to higher Hall mobility ≈1000 cm2 V−1s−1 at lower carrier concentration.
Abstract: Ti, V, Cr, Nb, and Mo are found to be effective at increasing the Seebeck coefficient and power factor of n-type PbSe at temperatures below 600 K. It is found that the higher Seebeck coefficients and power factors are due to higher Hall mobility ≈1000 cm2 V−1s−1 at lower carrier concentration. A larger average ZT value (relevant for applications) can be obtained by an optimization of carrier concentration to ≈1018–1019 cm−3. Even though the highest room temperature power factor ≈3.3 × 10−3 W m−1 K−2 is found in 1 at% Mo-doped PbSe, the highest ZT is achieved in Cr-doped PbSe. Combined with the lower thermal conductivity, ZT is improved to ≈0.4 at room temperature and peak ZTs of ≈1.0 are observed at ≈573 K for Pb0.9925Cr0.0075Se and ≈673 K for Pb0.995Cr0.005Se. The calculated device efficiency of Pb0.995Cr0.005Se is as high as ≈12.5% with cold side 300 K and hot side 873 K, higher than those of all the n-type PbSe materials reported in the literature.

64 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Novel concepts and paradigms are described here that have emerged, targeting superior TE materials and higher TE performance, including band convergence, "phonon-glass electron-crystal", multiscale phonon scattering, resonant states, anharmonicity, etc.
Abstract: The past two decades have witnessed the rapid growth of thermoelectric (TE) research. Novel concepts and paradigms are described here that have emerged, targeting superior TE materials and higher TE performance. These superior aspects include band convergence, "phonon-glass electron-crystal", multiscale phonon scattering, resonant states, anharmonicity, etc. Based on these concepts, some new TE materials with distinct features have been identified, including solids with high band degeneracy, with cages in which atoms rattle, with nanostructures at various length scales, etc. In addition, the performance of classical materials has been improved remarkably. However, the figure of merit zT of most TE materials is still lower than 2.0, generally around 1.0, due to interrelated TE properties. In order to realize an "overall zT > 2.0," it is imperative that the interrelated properties are decoupled more thoroughly, or new degrees of freedom are added to the overall optimization problem. The electrical and thermal transport must be synergistically optimized. Here, a detailed discussion about the commonly adopted strategies to optimize individual TE properties is presented. Then, four main compromises between the TE properties are elaborated from the point of view of the underlying mechanisms and decoupling strategies. Finally, some representative systems of synergistic optimization are also presented, which can serve as references for other TE materials. In conclusion, some of the newest ideas for the future are discussed.

1,014 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors summarized the crystal structures, microstructures, electronic structures and physical/chemical properties of BiCuSeO oxyselenides and discussed the approaches that successfully enhanced the thermoelectric performances of these materials.
Abstract: BiCuSeO oxyselenides have recently acquired ever-increasing attention and have been extensively studied as very promising thermoelectric materials. The ZT of the BiCuSeO system was significantly increased from 0.5 to 1.4 in the past three years, which indicates that BiCuSeO oxyselenides are robust candidates for energy conversion applications. In this review, we first discuss and summarize the crystal structures, microstructures, electronic structures and physical/chemical properties of BiCuSeO oxyselenides. Then, the approaches that successfully enhanced the thermoelectric performances in the BiCuSeO system are outlined, which include increasing carrier concentration, optimizing Cu vacancies, a simple and facile ball milling method, multifunctional Pb doping, band gap tuning, and increasing carrier mobility through texturing. Theoretical calculations to predict a maximum ZT in the BiCuSeO system are also described. Finally, a discussion of future possible strategies is proposed to aim at further enhancing the thermoelectric figure of merit of these materials.

498 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss some of the challenges that must be overcome to enable widespread use of thermoelectric power generation (TEG) devices, including thermal stability at the material level, and reliable contact at the device level.

426 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An engineering dimensionless figure of merit (ZT)eng and an engineering power factor (PF)eng are defined as functions of the temperature difference between the cold and hot sides to predict reliably and accurately the practical conversion efficiency and output power, respectively, overcoming the reporting of unrealistic efficiency using average ZT values.
Abstract: The formula for maximum efficiency (ηmax) of heat conversion into electricity by a thermoelectric device in terms of the dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) has been widely used to assess the desirability of thermoelectric materials for devices. Unfortunately, the ηmax values vary greatly depending on how the average ZT values are used, raising questions about the applicability of ZT in the case of a large temperature difference between the hot and cold sides due to the neglect of the temperature dependences of the material properties that affect ZT. To avoid the complex numerical simulation that gives accurate efficiency, we have defined an engineering dimensionless figure of merit (ZT)eng and an engineering power factor (PF)eng as functions of the temperature difference between the cold and hot sides to predict reliably and accurately the practical conversion efficiency and output power, respectively, overcoming the reporting of unrealistic efficiency using average ZT values.

396 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the inherent relationship between the structural characteristics and the thermoelectric performance of tin selenide (SnSe) is discussed, including the thermodynamics, crystal structures, and electronic structures.

389 citations