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S. Senthil Kumar

Bio: S. Senthil Kumar is an academic researcher from VIT University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Materials science & Catalysis. The author has an hindex of 14, co-authored 38 publications receiving 744 citations. Previous affiliations of S. Senthil Kumar include Yonsei University & University of Madras.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
28 Jan 2014-ACS Nano
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that combining anionic, redox-active Au25 clusters with imidazolium cations leads to a stable ionic liquid possessing both ionic and electronic conductivity.
Abstract: Ionic liquids are room-temperature molten salts that are increasingly used in electrochemical devices, such as batteries, fuel cells, and sensors, where their intrinsic ionic conductivity is exploited. Here we demonstrate that combining anionic, redox-active Au25 clusters with imidazolium cations leads to a stable ionic liquid possessing both ionic and electronic conductivity. The Au25 ionic liquid was found to act as a versatile matrix for amperometric enzyme biosensors toward the detection of glucose. Enzyme electrodes prepared by incorporating glucose oxidase in the Au25 ionic liquid show high electrocatalytic activity and substrate affinity. Au25 clusters in the electrode were found to act as effective redox mediators as well as electronic conductors determining the detection sensitivity. With the unique electrochemical properties and almost unlimited structural tunability, the ionic liquids of quantum-sized gold clusters may serve as versatile matrices for a variety of electrochemical biosensors.

128 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors reported the stabilization of silver and gold nanoparticles (Ag/Au NPs) on graphene oxide (GO) functionalized with PAMAMAM dendrimers.
Abstract: Herein, we report the stabilization of silver and gold nanoparticles (Ag/Au NPs) on graphene oxide (GO) functionalized with PAMAM dendrimers. The grafting of the PAMAM dendrimers on GO has been investigated using TGA and Raman spectral studies and the stabilization of the Ag/Au NPs on the dendritic structures has been confirmed using XRD, UV-Vis and FT-IR spectra, SEM and TEM studies. The catalytic activity of the prepared nanocatalysts towards the degradation of organic azo dyes, namely methyl orange and congo red, has been tested. The prepared nanocatalysts were found to exhibit excellent catalytic activity towards the complete degradation of both methyl orange and congo red within only a few seconds.

98 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The electron transfer study has further revealed the correlation between the electronic conductivity of the Au(25) film and the sensing sensitivity, and manifested the dual role of Au( 25) as an electronic conductor as well as a redox mediator.
Abstract: This paper describes the electrocatalytic activity of quantum-sized thiolate protected Au25 nanoparticles and their use in electrochemical sensing. The Au25 film modified electrode exhibited excellent mediated electrocatalytic activity that was utilized for amperometric sensing of biologically relevant analytes, namely, ascorbic acid and uric acid. The electron transfer dynamics in the Au25 film was examined as a function of Au25 concentration, which manifested the dual role of Au25 as an electronic conductor as well as a redox mediator. The electron transfer study has further revealed the correlation between the electronic conductivity of the Au25 film and the sensing sensitivity.

94 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Catalytic activity of prepared heterogeneous GO grafted chitosan stabilized silver and gold nanocatalysts (GO-Chit-Ag/AuNPs) was explored for the reduction of aromatic nitroarenes and degradation of hazardous azo dyes in the presence of NaBH4 and both catalysts exhibited excellent catalytic activity.
Abstract: Herein we report the covalent grafting of chitosan on graphene oxide (GO) followed by a simple approach for anchoring silver (AgNPs) and gold (AuNPs) nanoparticles onto a chitosan grafted graphene oxide surface by a NaBH4 reduction method. Catalytic activity of prepared heterogeneous GO grafted chitosan stabilized silver and gold nanocatalysts (GO–Chit-Ag/AuNPs) was explored for the reduction of aromatic nitroarenes and degradation of hazardous azo dyes in the presence of NaBH4. Both catalysts were found to exhibit excellent catalytic activity towards the reduction of aromatic nitroarenes and azo dyes degradation. Furthermore, the nanocatalysts were found to be selective towards the reduction of nitro groups in halonitroarenes without any dehalogenation under mild conditions.

91 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Mechanical investigation revealed that the selectivity is attained by the selective formation of an electrostatic complex between the negatively charged GS-Au(25) and DA cation, and the modified sol-gel electrode showed excellent selectivity for DA in the presence of an interferent, ascorbic acid.
Abstract: We report here the selective determination of dopamine (DA) using quantum-sized gold nanoparticles coated with charge selective ligands. Glutathione protected gold nanoparticles (GS-Au(25)) were synthesized and immobilized into a sol-gel matrix via thiol linkers. The GS-Au(25) modified sol-gel electrode was found to show excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of DA but no activity towards the oxidation of ascorbic acid. The role of electrostatic charge in the selective electrocatalytic activity of GS-Au(25) was verified by voltammetry of redox markers carrying opposite charges. The pH dependent sensitivity for the determination of DA further confirmed the charge screening effect of GS-Au(25). Mechanistic investigation revealed that the selectivity is attained by the selective formation of an electrostatic complex between the negatively charged GS-Au(25) and DA cation. The GS-Au(25) modified sol-gel electrode also showed excellent selectivity for DA in the presence of an interferent, ascorbic acid.

58 citations


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Reference EntryDOI
31 Oct 2001
TL;DR: The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) as mentioned in this paper is an independent organization devoted to the development of standards for testing and materials, and is a member of IEEE 802.11.
Abstract: The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is an independent organization devoted to the development of standards.

3,792 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review summarizes the major progress in the field, including the principles that permit atomically precise synthesis, new types of atomic structures, and unique physical and chemical properties ofatomically precise nanoparticles, as well as exciting opportunities for nanochemists to understand very fundamental science of colloidal nanoparticles.
Abstract: Colloidal nanoparticles are being intensely pursued in current nanoscience research. Nanochemists are often frustrated by the well-known fact that no two nanoparticles are the same, which precludes the deep understanding of many fundamental properties of colloidal nanoparticles in which the total structures (core plus surface) must be known. Therefore, controlling nanoparticles with atomic precision and solving their total structures have long been major dreams for nanochemists. Recently, these goals are partially fulfilled in the case of gold nanoparticles, at least in the ultrasmall size regime (1–3 nm in diameter, often called nanoclusters). This review summarizes the major progress in the field, including the principles that permit atomically precise synthesis, new types of atomic structures, and unique physical and chemical properties of atomically precise nanoparticles, as well as exciting opportunities for nanochemists to understand very fundamental science of colloidal nanoparticles (such as the s...

2,144 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Luminescence in the visible region, especially by clusters protected with proteins, with a large Stokes shift, has been used for various sensing applications, down to a few tens of molecules/ions, in air and water.
Abstract: Atomically precise pieces of matter of nanometer dimensions composed of noble metals are new categories of materials with many unusual properties. Over 100 molecules of this kind with formulas such as Au25(SR)18, Au38(SR)24, and Au102(SR)44 as well as Ag25(SR)18, Ag29(S2R)12, and Ag44(SR)30 (often with a few counterions to compensate charges) are known now. They can be made reproducibly with robust synthetic protocols, resulting in colored solutions, yielding powders or diffractable crystals. They are distinctly different from nanoparticles in their spectroscopic properties such as optical absorption and emission, showing well-defined features, just like molecules. They show isotopically resolved molecular ion peaks in mass spectra and provide diverse information when examined through multiple instrumental methods. Most important of these properties is luminescence, often in the visible–near-infrared window, useful in biological applications. Luminescence in the visible region, especially by clusters prot...

1,443 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A mini-review of fabrication strategies for AuNPs is presented and a selection of recent applications of these materials in bionanotechnology is highlighted.
Abstract: Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are important components for biomedical applications. AuNPs have been widely employed for diagnostics, and have seen increasing use in the area of therapeutics. In this mini-review, we present fabrication strategies for AuNPs and highlight a selection of recent applications of these materials in bionanotechnology.

988 citations