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Yahia M. M. Antar

Bio: Yahia M. M. Antar is an academic researcher from Royal Military College of Canada. The author has contributed to research in topics: Antenna (radio) & Microstrip antenna. The author has an hindex of 44, co-authored 487 publications receiving 7195 citations. Previous affiliations of Yahia M. M. Antar include National Research Council & Department of National Defence.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Several novel elements are presented that offer significant enhancements to parameters such as impedance bandwidth, circular-polarization bandwidth, gain, or coupling to various feed structures in the dielectric-resonator antenna environment.
Abstract: This paper features some of the advances in dielectric-resonator antenna technology at the Communications Research Centre. Several novel elements are presented that offer significant enhancements to parameters such as impedance bandwidth, circular-polarization bandwidth, gain, or coupling to various feed structures. Several linear and planar arrays are also presented, to illustrate the performance of dielectric-resonator antenna elements in the array environment.

450 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a four-layer transmit array operating at 30 GHz is designed using a dual-resonant double square ring as the unit cell element. And the design procedure for both the single-layer unit cell and the cascaded connection of four layers is described and it leads to a 50% increase in the -1 dB gain bandwidth over that of previous transmitarrays.
Abstract: A four-layer transmitarray operating at 30 GHz is designed using a dual-resonant double square ring as the unit cell element. The two resonances of the double ring are used to increase the per-layer phase variation while maintaining a wide transmission magnitude bandwidth of the unit cell. The design procedure for both the single-layer unit cell and the cascaded connection of four layers is described and it leads to a 50% increase in the -1 dB gain bandwidth over that of previous transmitarrays. Results of a 7.5% -1 dB gain bandwidth and 47% radiation efficiency are reported.

329 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a defected ground structure (DGS) pattern is proposed to reduce the cross-polarized (XP) radiation of a microstrip patch antenna, which is simple and easy to etch on a commercial microstrip substrate.
Abstract: A defected ground structure (DGS) is proposed to reduce the cross-polarized (XP) radiation of a microstrip patch antenna. The proposed DGS pattern is simple and easy to etch on a commercial microstrip substrate. This will only reduce the XP radiation field without affecting the dominant mode input impedance and co-polarized radiation patterns of a conventional antenna. The new concept has been examined and verified experimentally for a particular DGS pattern employing a circular patch as the radiator. Both simulation and experimental results are presented.

275 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of different approaches in estimating the field inside the scatterer on the backscattering cross section are illustrated numerically for a circular disk, a needle and a finite-length cylinder as a function of the wave number and the incidence angle.
Abstract: For an incident plane wave, the field inside a thin scatterer (disk and needle) is estimated by the generalized Rayleigh-Gans (GRG) approximation. This leads to a scattering amplitude tensor equal to that obtained via the Rayleigh approximation (dipole term) with a modifying function. For a finite-length cylinder the inner field is estimated by the corresponding field for the same cylinder of infinite length. The effects of different approaches in estimating the field inside the scatterer on the backscattering cross section are illustrated numerically for a circular disk, a needle and a finite-length cylinder as a function of the wave number and the incidence angle. Finally, the modeling predictions are compared with measurements. >

270 citations

BookDOI
08 Nov 2010
TL;DR: In this article, Chen et al. present a survey of the state-of-the-art in the field of reconfigurable antenna design and their application in WSNs and wearable antenna networks.
Abstract: Preface. List of Contributors. Acknowledgments. 1 Numerical Analysis Techniques (Ramesh Garg). 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Standard (Yee s) FDTD Method. 1.3 Numerical Dispersion of FDTD Algorithms and Hybrid Schemes. 1.4 Stability of Algorithms. 1.5 Absorbing Boundary Conditions. 1.6 LOD-FDTD Algorithm. 1.7 Robustness of Printed Patch Antennas. 1.8 Thin Dielectric Approximation. 1.9 Modeling of PEC and PMC for Irregular Geometries. References. 2 Computer Aided Design of Microstrip Antennas (Debatosh Guha and Jawad Y. Siddiqui). 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Microstrip Patch as Cavity Resonator. 2.3 Resonant Frequency of Circular Microstrip Patch (CMP). 2.4 Resonant Frequency of Rectangular Microstrip Patch (RMP) with Variable Air Gap. 2.5 Resonant Frequency of an Equilateral Triangular Microstrip Patch (ETMP) with Variable Air Gap. 2.6 Input Impedance of a Microstrip Patch. 2.7 Feed Reactance of a Probe-Fed Microstrip Patch. 2.8 Radiation Characteristics. 2.9 Radiation Efficiency. 2.10 Bandwidth. 2.11 Conclusion. References. 3 Generalized Scattering Matrix Approach for Multilayer Patch Arrays (Arun K. Bhattacharyya). 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Outline of the GSM Approach. 3.3 Mutual Coupling Formulation. 3.4 Finite Array: Active Impedance and Radiation Patterns. 3.5 Numerical Example. 3.6 Conclusions. 3.7 References. 4 Optimization Techniques for Planner Antennas (Rabindra K. Mishra). 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Basic Optimization Concepts. 4.3 Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA). 4.4 Neurospectral Design of Rectangular Patch Antenna. 4.5 Inset-fed Patch Antenna Design Using Particle Swarm Optimization. 4.6 Conclusion. References. 5 Microstrip Reflectarray Antennas (Jafar Shaker and Reza Chaharmir). 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 General Review of Reflectarrays: Mathematical Formulation and General Trends. 5.3 Comparison of Reflectarray and Conventional Parabolic Reflector. 5.4 Cell Elements and Specific Applications: A General Survey. 5.5 Wideband Techniques for Reflectarrays. 5.6 Development of Novel Loop-Based Cell Elements. 5.7 Conclusion. References. 6 Reconfigurable Microstrip Antennas (Jennifer T. Bernhard). 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Substrate Modification for Reconfigurability. 6.3 Conductor Modification for Reconfigurability. 6.4 Enabling Reconfigurability: Considerations for Reconfiguration Mechanisms. 6.5 Future Trends in Reconfigurable Microstrip Antenna Research and Development. References. 7 Wearable Antennas for Body Area Networks (Peter S. Hall and Yang Hao). 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Sources on the Human Body. 7.3 Narrowband Antennas. 7.4 Fabric Antennas. 7.5 Ultra Wideband Antennas. 7.6 Multiple Antenna Systems. 7.7 Conclusion. References. 8 Printed Antennas for Wireless Communications (Satish K. Sharma and Lotfollah Shafai). 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Broadband Microstrip Patch Antennas. 8.3 Patch Antennas for Multiband Wireless Communications. 8.4 Enhanced Gain Patch Antennas. 8.5 Wideband Compact Patch Antennas. 8.6 Microstrip Slot Antennas. 8.7 Microstrip Planar Monopole Antenna. References. 9 UHF Passive RFID Tag Antennas (Daniel Deavours and Daniel Dobkin). 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Application Requirements. 9.3 Approaches. 9.4 Fabrication. 9.5 Conclusion. References. 10 Printed UWB Antennas (Zhi Ning Chen, Xianming Qing and Shie Ping See). 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Swan Antenna with Reduced Ground Plane Effect. 10.3 Slim UWB Antenna. 10.4 Diversity Antenna. 10.5 Printed Slot UWB Antenna and Band-Notched Solutions. References. 11 Metamaterial Antennas and Radiative Systems (Christophe Caloz). 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Fundamentals of Metamaterials. 11.3 Leaky-Wave Antennas. 11.4 Resonant Antennas. 11.5 Exotic Radiative Systems. References. 12 Defected Ground Structure for Microstrip Antennas (Debatosh Guha, Sujoy Biswas, and Yahia M. M. Antar). 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 Fundamentals of DGS. 12.3 DGS for controlling Microstrip Antenna Feeds and Front-End Characteristics. 12.4 DGS to Control/Improve Radiation Properties of Microstrip Patch Antennas. 12.5 DGS for Reduced Mutual Coupling between Microstrip Array Elements and Associated Improvements. 12.6 Conclusion. Appendix: A Brief DGS Chronology. References. 13 Printed Leaky Wave Antennas (Samir F. Mahmoud and Yahia M. M. Antar). 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 The Leaky Wave as a Complex Plane Wave. 13.3 Radiation Pattern of a Leaky Wave. 13.4 Examples of Leaky Mode Supporting Structures. 13.5 The Excitation Problem. 13.6 Two-Dimensional Leaky Waves. 13.7 Further Advances on a Class of Periodic Leaky Wave Antennas. References. Appendix I Preliminary Ideas: PTFE-Based Microwave Lamiantes and Making Prototypes. Appendix II Preliminary Ideas: Microwave Connectors for Printed Circuits and Antennas. Index.

260 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
21 Oct 2011-Science
TL;DR: In this article, a two-dimensional array of optical resonators with spatially varying phase response and subwavelength separation can imprint phase discontinuities on propagating light as it traverses the interface between two media.
Abstract: Conventional optical components rely on gradual phase shifts accumulated during light propagation to shape light beams. New degrees of freedom are attained by introducing abrupt phase changes over the scale of the wavelength. A two-dimensional array of optical resonators with spatially varying phase response and subwavelength separation can imprint such phase discontinuities on propagating light as it traverses the interface between two media. Anomalous reflection and refraction phenomena are observed in this regime in optically thin arrays of metallic antennas on silicon with a linear phase variation along the interface, which are in excellent agreement with generalized laws derived from Fermat’s principle. Phase discontinuities provide great flexibility in the design of light beams, as illustrated by the generation of optical vortices through use of planar designer metallic interfaces.

6,763 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
15 Mar 2013-Science
TL;DR: Progress in the optics of metasurfaces is reviewed and promising applications for surface-confined planar photonics components are discussed and the studies of new, low-loss, tunable plasmonic materials—such as transparent conducting oxides and intermetallics—that can be used as building blocks for metAsurfaces will complement the exploration of smart designs and advanced switching capabilities.
Abstract: Metamaterials, or engineered materials with rationally designed, subwavelength-scale building blocks, allow us to control the behavior of physical fields in optical, microwave, radio, acoustic, heat transfer, and other applications with flexibility and performance that are unattainable with naturally available materials. In turn, metasurfaces-planar, ultrathin metamaterials-extend these capabilities even further. Optical metasurfaces offer the fascinating possibility of controlling light with surface-confined, flat components. In the planar photonics concept, it is the reduced dimensionality of the optical metasurfaces that enables new physics and, therefore, leads to functionalities and applications that are distinctly different from those achievable with bulk, multilayer metamaterials. Here, we review the progress in developing optical metasurfaces that has occurred over the past few years with an eye toward the promising future directions in the field.

2,562 citations

Book
15 Jan 2002
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present an overview of the most recent advances in regular-size Dual-Frequency Antennas and their application in a wide range of applications, including: 1.1 Introduction.
Abstract: Preface. 1. Introduction and Overview. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Compact Microstrip Antennas. 1.3 Compact Broadband Microstrip Antennas. 1.4 Compact Dual-Frequency Microstrip Antennas. 1.5 Compact Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 1.6 Compact Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 1.7 Compact Microstrip Antennas with Enhanced Gain. 1.8 Broadband Microstrip Antennas. 1.9 Broadband Dual-Frequency and Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 1.10 Broadband and Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 2. Compact Microstrip Antennas. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Use of a Shorted Patch with a Thin Dielectric Substrate. 2.3 Use of a Meandered Patch. 2.4 Use of a Meandered Ground Plane. 2.5 Use of a Planar Inverted-L Patch. 2.6 Use of an Inverted U-Shaped or Folded Patch. 3. Compact Broadband Microstrip Antennas. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Use of a Shorted Patch with a Thick Air Substrate. 3.3 Use of Stacked Shorted Patches. 3.4 Use of Chip-Resistor and Chip-Capacitor Loading Technique. 3.5 Use of a Slot-Loading Technique. 3.6 Use of a Slotted Ground Plane. 4. Compact Dual-Frequency and Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Some Recent Advances in Regular-Size Dual-Frequency Designs. 4.3 Compact Dual-Frequency Operation with Same Polarization Planes. 4.4 Compact Dual-Frequency Operation. 4.5 Dual-Band or Triple-Band PIFA. 4.6 Compact Dual-Polarized Designs. 5. Compact Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Designs with a Cross-Slot of Unequal Arm Lengths. 5.3 Designs with a Y-Shaped Slot of Unequal Arm Lengths. 5.4 Designs with Slits. 5.5 Designs with Spur Lines. 5.6 Designs with Truncated Corners. 5.7 Designs with Peripheral Cuts. 5.8 Designs with a Tuning Stub. 5.9 Designs with a Bent Tuning Stub. 5.10 Compact CP Designs with an Inset Microstrip-Line Feed. 6. Compact Microstrip Antennas with Enhanced Gain. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Compact Microstrip Antennas with High-Permittivity Superstrate. 6.3 Compact Microstrip Antennas with Active Circuitry. 7. Broadband Microstrip Antennas. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Use of Additional Microstrip Resonators. 7.3 Microstrip Antennas with an Air Substrate. 7.4 Broadband Slot-Loaded Microstrip Antennas. 7.5 Broadband Microstrip Antennas with an Integrated Reactive Loading. 7.6 Broadband Microstrip Antennas with Reduced Cross-Polarization Radiation. 8. Broadband Dual-Frequency and Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Broadband Dual-Frequency Microstrip Antennas. 8.3 Broadband Dual-Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9. Broadband and Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Broadband Single-Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9.3 Broadband Two-Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9.4 Broadband Four-Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. 9.5 Dual-Band Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Index.

1,734 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The concept of optical phase discontinuities is applied to the design and demonstration of aberration-free planar lenses and axicons, comprising a phased array of ultrathin subwavelength-spaced optical antennas.
Abstract: The concept of optical phase discontinuities is applied to the design and demonstration of aberration-free planar lenses and axicons, comprising a phased array of ultrathin subwavelength-spaced optical antennas. The lenses and axicons consist of V-shaped nanoantennas that introduce a radial distribution of phase discontinuities, thereby generating respectively spherical wavefronts and nondiffracting Bessel beams at telecom wavelengths. Simulations are also presented to show that our aberration-free designs are applicable to high-numerical aperture lenses such as flat microscope objectives.

1,614 citations

01 Jan 1992
TL;DR: In this article, a brief overview of the basic characteristics of microstrip antennas is given, and the most significant developments in microstrip antenna technology have been made in the last several years.
Abstract: Microstrip antennas have been one of the most innovative topics in antenna theory and design in recent years, and are increasingly finding application in a wide range of modern microwave systems. This paper begins with a brief overview of the basic characteristics of microstrip antennas, and then concentrates on the most significant developments in microstrip antenna technology that have been made in the last several years. Emphasis is on new antenna configurations for improved electrical performance and manufacturability and on advances in the analytical modeling of microstrip antennas and arrays. >

1,604 citations