Advances in Inorganic Chemistry and Radiochemistry
About: Advances in Inorganic Chemistry and Radiochemistry is an academic journal published by Academic Press. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Chemistry & Transition metal. It has an ISSN identifier of 0065-2792. Over the lifetime, 126 publications have been published receiving 9495 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, a review is concerned with the neglected class of inorganic compounds, which contain ions of the same element in two different formal states of oxidation, and a number of references cite that many individual examples of this class have been studied, yet they have very rarely been treated as a class, and there has never before, to our knowledge, been a systematic attempt to classify their properties in terms of their electronic and molecular structures.
Abstract: Publisher Summary This review is concerned with the neglected class of inorganic compounds, which contain ions of the same element in two different formal states of oxidation. Although the number of references cited in our review show that many individual examples of this class have been studied, yet they have very rarely been treated as a class, and there has never before, to our knowledge, been a systematic attempt to classify their properties in terms of their electronic and molecular structures. In the past, systems containing an element in two different states of oxidation have gone by various names, the terms “mixed valence,” nonintegral valence,” “mixed oxidation,” “oscillating valency,” and “controlled valency” being used interchangeably. Actually, none of these is completely accurate or all-embracing, but in our hope to avoid the introduction of yet another definition, we have somewhat arbitrarily adopted the phrase “mixed valence” for the description of these systems. The concept of resonance among various valence bond structures is one of the cornerstones of modern organic chemistry.
TL;DR: In this paper, the borane-carborane structural pattern has been studied in a wide range of other compounds, including metal clusters, metal-hydrocarbon 7∼ complexes, and various neutral or charged hydrocarbons.
Abstract: Publisher Summary This is one of two articles in this volume that is concerned with the borane-carborane structural pattern. In the other, Williams has shown how the pattern reflects the coordination number preferences of the various atoms involved. The purpose of the present article is to note some bonding implications of the pattern, and to show its relevance to a wide range of other compounds, including metal clusters, metal-hydrocarbon 7∼ complexes, and various neutral or charged hydrocarbons. Boranes and carboranes may be regarded as cluster compounds in the sense defined by Cotton; they contain a finite group or skeleton of atoms held together entirely, mainly, or at least to a significant extent by bonding directly between those atoms, even though some other atoms may be associated intimately with the cluster. Examples of their structural pattern, however, can be found far beyond the confines of what is normally regarded as cluster chemistry, so this survey includes many systems not commonly referred to as clusters.
TL;DR: In this article, a qualitative explanation of the secondary bond behavior is given, and it is argued that the secondary bonds are the result of directed forces rather than electrostatic or non-nondirectional van der Waals forces.
Abstract: Publisher Summary A number of recent crystal structure determinations on compounds of the nonmetals have discovered intramolecular distances that are much longer than normal bonds, and intermolecular distances that are much shorter than van der Waals distances. In this chapter, these interactions are examined and a qualitative explanation is attempted. It will become clear that in most of them an approximately linear arrangement is found, Y-A—X where Y-A is a normal bond and A—X is a short intermolecular distance. It is with these approximately linear interactions that we are particularly concerned, and it will be our contention that they are the result of directed forces and that their behavior is sufficiently regular and understandable for the name secondary bond to be appropriate. The only conclusive method of establishing the presence of secondary interactions is by crystal structure determinations. An intermolecular interaction can be recognized as being significant by being shorter than the expected intermolecular (van der Waals) distance, but if it is the result of directed forces— that is, bonds rather than electrostatic or nondirectional van der Waals forces.
TL;DR: There have been many reviews and books on electron spin resonance (ESR) and several on transition metal ions as discussed by the authors, and many of these publications have been written by physicists or theoreticians and are very comprehensive.
Abstract: Publisher Summary There have been many reviews and books on electron spin resonance (ESR) and several on transition metal ions. Many of these publications have been written by physicists or theoreticians and are very comprehensive. This review is aimed at inorganic chemists, who have had no experience relating to electron spin resonance and who are becoming more and more likely either to use the technique or to need to appreciate the significance of the information available from the technique. The first part of the review gives an elementary account of the relevant theory. There are many good books for further reading for the inorganic chemist, who wishes to go deeper into the subject. The second part of the review is a comprehensive survey of the results of ESR studies on compounds of transition elements. Inevitably, there has had to be some selection of material, and the criteria for inclusion or rejection has been based upon the likely interest of an inorganic chemist might have in the species. This is particularly in the areas, where there is a lot of related work, e.g., the Mn2+ host-lattice data. In the case of copper dg complexes, there has been much duplication of work and papers devoted to the spectra of complexes where a minor substitutive change has been made to a bulky organic ligand.
TL;DR: In this paper, the formation and constitution of these intercalation compounds may be explained in terms of the structure of graphite and the special bonding relationships encountered in it, as well as its ability to take up atoms, ions, or molecules in its lattice while leaving its structure largely unchanged.
Abstract: Publisher Summary Of the two modifications of elementary carbon, diamond and graphite, the latter is not only more abundant and of greater technical importance, but it is also more versatile and interesting in its reactions. In its reactions diamond depends on the removal of successive carbon atoms from the three-dimensional net and the formation of compounds of low molecular weight, as for example, in combustion to carbon monoxide and dioxide. Graphite, on the other hand, is able under certain conditions to take up atoms, ions, or molecules in its lattice while leaving its structure largely unchanged. The formation and constitution of these intercalation compounds may be explained in terms of the structure of graphite and the special bonding relationships encountered in it. Graphite crystallizes in a layer lattice. The carbon atoms form regular sheets of linked hexagons, which are displaced relative to one another.