About: Food Microbiology is an academic journal published by Elsevier BV. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Fermentation & Population. It has an ISSN identifier of 0740-0020. Over the lifetime, 4499 publications have been published receiving 200927 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Non-covalent bonds such as hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds and hydrophobic bonds are important for the aggregation of gliadins and glutenins and implicate structure and physical properties of dough.
Abstract: Gluten proteins play a key role in determining the unique baking quality of wheat by conferring water absorption capacity, cohesivity, viscosity and elasticity on dough. Gluten proteins can be divided into two main fractions according to their solubility in aqueous alcohols: the soluble gliadins and the insoluble glutenins. Both fractions consist of numerous, partially closely related protein components characterized by high glutamine and proline contents. Gliadins are mainly monomeric proteins with molecular weights (MWs) around 28,000-55,000 and can be classified according to their different primary structures into the alpha/beta-, gamma- and omega-type. Disulphide bonds are either absent or present as intrachain crosslinks. The glutenin fraction comprises aggregated proteins linked by interchain disulphide bonds; they have a varying size ranging from about 500,000 to more than 10 million. After reduction of disulphide bonds, the resulting glutenin subunits show a solubility in aqueous alcohols similar to gliadins. Based on primary structure, glutenin subunits have been divided into the high-molecular-weight (HMW) subunits (MW=67,000-88,000) and low-molecular-weight (LMW) subunits (MW=32,000-35,000). Each gluten protein type consists or two or three different structural domains; one of them contains unique repetitive sequences rich in glutamine and proline. Native glutenins are composed of a backbone formed by HMW subunit polymers and of LMW subunit polymers branched off from HMW subunits. Non-covalent bonds such as hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds and hydrophobic bonds are important for the aggregation of gliadins and glutenins and implicate structure and physical properties of dough.
TL;DR: The potential value of natural antimicrobial agents from plants as secondary preservatives is considered as well as the effectiveness and use of similar aromatic and phenolic compounds in wood smoke for the safe extension of perishable food shelf-life.
Abstract: This review examines the potency of natural antimicrobial agents from plants, outlining the ranges of microbial susceptibility and factors affecting antimicrobial action. Methods used for estimation of inhibitory activity are evaluated and currently understood mechanisms of their action are described. The potential value of these agents as secondary preservatives is considered as well as the effectiveness and use of similar aromatic and phenolic compounds in wood smoke for the safe extension of perishable food shelf-life.
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of chitosan coatings on controlling decay of minimally processed fruits and vegetables (strawberry and lettuce) were investigated. And the results showed that chitoshan had a deacetylation degree of 94% and a molecular weight of 43 kDa on different psychrotrophic spoilage organisms and food pathogens.
Abstract: Chitosan has recently gained more interest due to its applications in food and pharmaceutics. Among others, the antimicrobial activity of chitosan has been pointed out as one of its most interesting properties of chitosan. The aim of this study was threefold: (1) the quantification of the antimicrobial effect of chitosan with a deacetylation degree of 94% and a molecular weight of 43 kDa on different psychrotrophic spoilage organisms and food pathogens. (2) The determination of the influence of different food components (starch, whey protein, NaCl and oil) on the antimicrobial effect of chitosan and (3) the investigation of the effects of chitosan coatings on controlling decay of minimally processed fruits and vegetables (strawberry and lettuce). For the first aim several bacteria and yeast were exposed to chitosan concentrations varying from 40 to 750 mg/l. Generally, Gram-negative bacteria seemed to be very sensitive for the applied chitosan (MIC⩽0.006% (w/v)) while the sensitivity of Gram-positive bacteria was highly variable and that of yeast was intermediary (0.01% (w/v)). To achieve the second aim, the media, with one of these components added, were inoculated with Candida lambica (±2 log cfu/ml) and were incubated at 7°C until the yeast reached the stationary phase. Starch, whey proteins and NaCl had a negative effect on the antimicrobial activity. Oil conversely had no influence. For the third aim, the chitosan coating was formed by dipping the products in a chitosan–lactic acid/Na-lactate solution from which the pH was adjusted to the pH of the products. These products were equilibrium modified atmosphere (EMA)-packaged, stored at 7°C and during storage sensorially and microbiologically evaluated. A chitosan coating on strawberries was applicable while on mixed lettuce the chitosan coating was not applicable due to the development of a bitter taste. The microbiological load on the chitosan-dipped samples was lower for both products. The antimicrobial effect of chitosan on lettuce disappeared after 4 days of storage, while it maintained on the strawberries during 12 days.
TL;DR: New information on illness outbreaks caused by produce is considered, factors which influence their frequency and size are identified and intervention effectiveness is examined and research needed to increase understanding of the factors influencing microbial safety of fresh produce is addressed.
Abstract: Increased consumption, larger scale production and more efficient distribution of fresh produce over the past two decades have contributed to an increase in the number of illness outbreaks caused by this commodity. Pathogen contamination of fresh produce may originate before or after harvest, but once contaminated produce is difficult to sanitize. The prospect that some pathogens invade the vascular system of plants and establish “sub-clinical” infection needs to be better understood to enable estimation of its influence upon risk of human illness. Conventional surface sanitation methods can reduce the microbial load, but cannot eliminate pathogens if present. Chlorine dioxide, electrolyzed water, UV light, cold atmospheric plasma, hydrogen peroxide, organic acids and acidified sodium chlorite show promise, but irradiation at 1 kGy in high oxygen atmospheres may prove to be the most effective means to assure elimination of both surface and internal contamination of produce by pathogens. Pathogens of greatest current concern are Salmonella (tomatoes, seed sprouts and spices) and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on leafy greens (spinach and lettuce). This review considers new information on illness outbreaks caused by produce, identifies factors which influence their frequency and size and examines intervention effectiveness. Research needed to increase our understanding of the factors influencing microbial safety of fresh produce is addressed.
TL;DR: This review gives an overview of V. parahaemolyticus food poisoning and provides information on recent development in methods for detecting and reducing risk of infections associated with seafood consumption.
Abstract: Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a human pathogen that is widely distributed in the marine environments. This organism is frequently isolated from a variety of raw seafoods, particularly shellfish. Consumption of raw or undercooked seafood contaminated with V. parahaemolyticus may lead to development of acute gastroenteritis characterized by diarrhea, headache, vomiting, nausea, and abdominal cramps. This pathogen is a common cause of foodborne illnesses in many Asian countries, including China, Japan and Taiwan, and is recognized as the leading cause of human gastroenteritis associated with seafood consumption in the United States. This review gives an overview of V. parahaemolyticus food poisoning and provides information on recent development in methods for detecting V. parahaemolyticus and strategies for reducing risk of V. parahaemolyticus infections associated with seafood consumption.