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JournalISSN: 0028-646X

New Phytologist 

Wiley-Blackwell
About: New Phytologist is an academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Medicine & Biology. It has an ISSN identifier of 0028-646X. Over the lifetime, 17766 publications have been published receiving 1161422 citations. The journal is also known as: The New phytologist & New phytol..
Topics: Medicine, Biology, Mycorrhiza, Population, Arabidopsis


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The standard error of four methods of assessment based on observations of stained root samples either randomly arranged in a petri dish or mounted on microscope slides are calculated.
Abstract: Summary Assessment of infection is an essential part of many studies involving VA mycorrhiza. A summary is given of the range of techniques that have been used. We calculated the standard error of four methods of assessment based on observations of stained root samples either randomly arranged in a petri dish or mounted on microscope slides. The methods are based on presence or absence of infection at root/grid intersect points, on a visual estimate of percentage cortex occupied by fungus or on estimates of length, or presence or absence of infection in root pieces mounted on slides. The number of replicate observations required for a given standard error % infection can be read from the curves provided. The advantages of the different methods of assessment are discussed and reasons given why they all probably overestimate the true values.

5,355 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A hydraulically based theory considering carbon balance and insect resistance that allowed development and examination of hypotheses regarding survival and mortality was developed, and incorporating this hydraulic framework may be effective for modeling plant survival andortality under future climate conditions.
Abstract: Summary Severe droughts have been associated with regional-scale forest mortality worldwide. Climate change is expected to exacerbate regional mortality events; however, pre- diction remains difficult because the physiological mechanisms underlying drought survival and mortality are poorly understood. We developed a hydraulically based theory considering carbon balance and insect resistance that allowed development and examination of hypotheses regarding survival and mortality. Multiple mechanisms may cause mortality during drought. A common mechanism for plants with isohydric

3,302 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A modified method is described here to estimate VA mycorrhizal colonization on an objective scale of measurement, involving inspection of intersections between the microscope eyepiece crosshair and roots at magnification × 200; it is referred to as the magnified intersections method.
Abstract: Previously described methods to quantify the proportion of root length colonized by vesicular-arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizal fungi are reviewed. It is argued that these methods give observer-dependent measures of colonization which cannot be used to compare, quantitatively, roots examined by different researchers. A modified method is described here to estimate VA mycorrhizal colonization on an objective scale of measurement, involving inspection of intersections between the microscope eyepiece crosshair and roots at magnification × 200; it is referred to as the magnified intersections method. Whether the vertical eyepiece crosshair crosses one or more arbuscules is noted at each intersection. The estimate of colonization is the proportion of root length containing arbuscules, called the arbuscular colonization (AC). The magnified intersections method also determines the proportion of root length containing vesicles, the vesicular colonization (VC), and the proportion of root length containing hyphae, the hyphal colonization (HC). However, VC and HC should be interpreted with caution because vesicles and hyphae, unlike arbuscules, can be produced in roots by non-mycorrhizal fungi.

3,244 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results from this review may provide the most plausible estimates of how plants in their native environments and field-grown crops will respond to rising atmospheric [CO(2)]; but even with FACE there are limitations, which are discussed.
Abstract: Contents Summary 1 I. What is FACE? 2 II. Materials and methods 2 III. Photosynthetic carbon uptake 3 IV. Acclimation of photosynthesis 6 V. Growth, above-ground production and yield 8 VI. So, what have we learned? 10 Acknowledgements 11 References 11 Appendix 1. References included in the database for meta-analyses 14 Appendix 2. Results of the meta-analysis of FACE effects 18 Summary Free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments allow study of the effects of elevated [CO2] on plants and ecosystems grown under natural conditions without enclosure. Data from 120 primary, peer-reviewed articles describing physiology and production in the 12 large-scale FACE experiments (475–600 ppm) were collected and summarized using meta-analytic techniques. The results confirm some results from previous chamber experiments: light-saturated carbon uptake, diurnal C assimilation, growth and above-ground production increased, while specific leaf area and stomatal conductance decreased in elevated [CO2]. There were differences in FACE. Trees were more responsive than herbaceous species to elevated [CO2]. Grain crop yields increased far less than anticipated from prior enclosure studies. The broad direction of change in photosynthesis and production in elevated [CO2] may be similar in FACE and enclosure studies, but there are major quantitative differences: trees were more responsive than other functional types; C4 species showed little response; and the reduction in plant nitrogen was small and largely accounted for by decreased Rubisco. The results from this review may provide the most plausible estimates of how plants in their native environments and field-grown crops will respond to rising atmospheric [CO2]; but even with FACE there are limitations, which are also discussed.

3,140 citations

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
2023425
2022791
2021974
2020689
2019676
2018537