A study on the behaviour of steel braced barrel vaults
01 Jan 1980-Building and Environment (Pergamon)-Vol. 15, Iss: 3, pp 191-195
TL;DR: In this article, a computer analysis of steel braced barrel vaults is presented and compared with the approximate method of analysis suggested by Baer, and the drawbacks of Baer's method are discussed.
Abstract: The computer analysis of steel braced barrel vaults is presented. This analysis is compared with the approximate method of analysis suggested by Baer. The drawbacks of Baer's method are discussed. The behaviour of these frames due to the effect of laterals, edge trusses and different types of bracing systems is predicted. Based on this parametric study an economic system of braced barrel vault is suggested for practical applications.
TL;DR: In this paper, the elastic and inelastic seismic behavior of single layer steel cylindrical lattice shells is examined through a parametric assessment, which also leads to proposed expressions for estimating the fundamental period and mode of vibration.
Abstract: This paper examines the elastic and inelastic seismic behaviour of single layer steel cylindrical lattice shells. The main dynamic characteristics for this form of structure are firstly examined through a parametric assessment, which also leads to proposed expressions for estimating the fundamental period and mode of vibration. The seismic response of five typical shell configurations, representing a wide range of rise to span ratios, is then assessed within the linear elastic range under selected earthquake excitations. Particular focus is given to the relative influence of the horizontal and vertical seismic components on the internal actions. In order to provide a means for evaluating the underlying inelastic behaviour, a simple pushover approach, which is suitable for this structural form, is suggested using the forces obtained from the fundamental mode shape. The peak angle change is proposed as a damage parameter within the nonlinear analysis for characterising the inelastic global and local demands in shells of different geometries. Incremental dynamic analysis is subsequently carried out in order to evaluate the detailed nonlinear time history response. The results provide detailed insights into the influence of the horizontal and vertical excitations on the nonlinear seismic response, and illustrate the suitability of the peak angle change as an inelastic deformation measure for shells of different geometric configurations. The main findings from the linear and nonlinear assessments are highlighted within the discussions, with a view to providing guidance for performance based assessment procedures as well as simplified design approaches.
Cites background or result from "A study on the behaviour of steel b..."
TL;DR: The assessments presented in this paper can also be used to support detailed performance based guidelines as well as for informing geometry and size optimisation strategies.
Abstract: This paper examines the main considerations related to the seismic design and assessment of single layer steel cylindrical lattice shells, and offers recommendations for their practical application. Geometric configurations covering a wide range of rise to span ratios are considered within the investigation. An insight into the relative influence of seismic loading on shell design, in comparison to gravity conditions, is firstly provided through the use of digital parametric engineering procedures. This is followed by linear elastic response assessments which are used to propose a simplified procedure for estimating the internal seismic forces for the purpose of member sizing in early design stages. Suitable approaches for pushover analysis are then discussed and used to identify inherent plastic mechanisms. The results of incremental nonlinear dynamic analysis, using a suite of fourteen records, are also employed in order to validate the findings and to further assess the ultimate response under realistic seismic loading conditions. Based on the findings, representative ranges for behaviour factors and displacement modification coefficients are derived alongside discussions on their implementation within codified seismic design procedures. Apart from providing recommendations for simplified design approaches, the assessments presented in this paper can also be used to support detailed performance based guidelines as well as for informing geometry and size optimisation strategies.