Mohammed F. Alhamid
Other affiliations: University of Ottawa
Bio: Mohammed F. Alhamid is an academic researcher from King Saud University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Ambient intelligence & Context (language use). The author has an hindex of 20, co-authored 66 publications receiving 1323 citations. Previous affiliations of Mohammed F. Alhamid include University of Ottawa.
TL;DR: A Blockchain-based infrastructure to support security- and privacy-oriented spatio-temporal smart contract services for the sustainable Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled sharing economy in mega smart cities.
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a Blockchain-based infrastructure to support security- and privacy-oriented spatio-temporal smart contract services for the sustainable Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled sharing economy in mega smart cities. The infrastructure leverages cognitive fog nodes at the edge to host and process offloaded geo-tagged multimedia payload and transactions from a mobile edge and IoT nodes, uses AI for processing and extracting significant event information, produces semantic digital analytics, and saves results in Blockchain and decentralized cloud repositories to facilitate sharing economy services. The framework offers a sustainable incentive mechanism, which can potentially support secure smart city services, such as sharing economy, smart contracts, and cyber-physical interaction with Blockchain and IoT. Our unique contribution is justified by detailed system design and implementation of the framework.
TL;DR: An in-home therapy management framework, which leverages the IoT nodes and the blockchain-based decentralized MEC paradigm to support low-latency, secure, anonymous, and always-available spatiotemporal multimedia therapeutic data communication within an on-demand data-sharing scenario.
Abstract: Mobile edge computing (MEC) is being introduced and leveraged in many domains, but few studies have addressed MEC for secure in-home therapy management. To this end, this paper presents an in-home therapy management framework, which leverages the IoT nodes and the blockchain-based decentralized MEC paradigm to support low-latency, secure, anonymous, and always-available spatiotemporal multimedia therapeutic data communication within an on-demand data-sharing scenario. To the best of our knowledge, this non-invasive, MEC-based IoT therapy platform is first done by our group. This platform can provide a full-body joint range of motion data for physically challenged individuals in a decentralized manner. With MEC, the framework can provide therapy diagnostic and analytical data on demand to a large portion of humanity who are either born with disabilities or became disabled due to accidents, war-time injuries, or old age. For security, the framework uses blockchain–Tor-based distributed transactions to preserve the therapeutic data privacy, ownership, generation, storage, and sharing. Our initial test results from a complete implementation of the framework show that it can support a sufficiently large number of users without considerable increase in mean processing time.
TL;DR: A data-driven deep learning-based framework for the sustainable development of a smart city, offering a timely response to combat the COVID-19 pandemic through mass video surveillance is proposed.
Abstract: Sustainable smart city initiatives around the world have recently had great impact on the lives of citizens and brought significant changes to society. More precisely, data-driven smart applications that efficiently manage sparse resources are offering a futuristic vision of smart, efficient, and secure city operations. However, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has revealed the limitations of existing smart city deployment; hence; the development of systems and architectures capable of providing fast and effective mechanisms to limit further spread of the virus has become paramount. An active surveillance system capable of monitoring and enforcing social distancing between people can effectively slow the spread of this deadly virus. In this paper, we propose a data-driven deep learning-based framework for the sustainable development of a smart city, offering a timely response to combat the COVID-19 pandemic through mass video surveillance. To implementing social distancing monitoring, we used three deep learning-based real-time object detection models for the detection of people in videos captured with a monocular camera. We validated the performance of our system using a real-world video surveillance dataset for effective deployment.
TL;DR: A voice disorder assessment and treatment system using a deep learning approach that achieves 98.5 percent accuracy and 99.3 percent sensitivity using the Saarbrucken Voice Disorder database is proposed.
Abstract: The advancement of next-generation network technologies provides a huge improvement in healthcare facilities. Technologies such as 5G, edge computing, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things realize smart healthcare that a client can have anytime, anywhere, and in real time. Edge computing offers useful computing resources at the edge of the network to maintain low-latency and real-time computing. In this article, we propose a smart healthcare framework using edge computing. In the framework, we develop a voice disorder assessment and treatment system using a deep learning approach. A client provides his or her voice sample captured by smart sensors, and the sample goes to the edge computing for initial processing. Then the edge computing sends data to a core cloud for further processing. The assessment and management are controlled by a service provider through a cloud manager. Once the automatic assessment is done, the decision is sent to specialists, who prescribe appropriate treatment to the clients. The proposed system achieves 98.5 percent accuracy and 99.3 percent sensitivity using the Saarbrucken Voice Disorder database.
TL;DR: A facial-expression recognition system to improve the service of the healthcare in a smart city by applying a bandlet transform to a face image to extract sub-bands and producing a feature vector of the face image.
Abstract: Human facial expressions change with different states of health; therefore, a facial-expression recognition system can be beneficial to a healthcare framework. In this paper, a facial-expression recognition system is proposed to improve the service of the healthcare in a smart city. The proposed system applies a bandlet transform to a face image to extract sub-bands. Then, a weighted, center-symmetric local binary pattern is applied to each sub-band block by block. The CS-LBP histograms of the blocks are concatenated to produce a feature vector of the face image. An optional feature-selection technique selects the most dominant features, which are then fed into two classifiers: a Gaussian mixture model and a support vector machine. The scores of these classifiers are fused by weight to produce a confidence score, which is used to make decisions about the facial expression’s type. Several experiments are performed using a large set of data to validate the proposed system. Experimental results show that the proposed system can recognize facial expressions with 99.95% accuracy.
TL;DR: A survey of factor analytic studies of human cognitive abilities can be found in this paper, with a focus on the role of factor analysis in human cognitive ability evaluation and cognition. But this survey is limited.
Abstract: (1998). Human cognitive abilities: A survey of factor analytic studies. Gifted and Talented International: Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 97-98.
TL;DR: This paper provides a tutorial on fog computing and its related computing paradigms, including their similarities and differences, and provides a taxonomy of research topics in fog computing.
Abstract: With the Internet of Things (IoT) becoming part of our daily life and our environment, we expect rapid growth in the number of connected devices. IoT is expected to connect billions of devices and humans to bring promising advantages for us. With this growth, fog computing, along with its related edge computing paradigms, such as multi-access edge computing (MEC) and cloudlet, are seen as promising solutions for handling the large volume of security-critical and time-sensitive data that is being produced by the IoT. In this paper, we first provide a tutorial on fog computing and its related computing paradigms, including their similarities and differences. Next, we provide a taxonomy of research topics in fog computing, and through a comprehensive survey, we summarize and categorize the efforts on fog computing and its related computing paradigms. Finally, we provide challenges and future directions for research in fog computing.
TL;DR: An in-depth survey of BCoT is presented and the insights of this new paradigm are discussed and the open research directions in this promising area are outlined.
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) is reshaping the incumbent industry to smart industry featured with data-driven decision-making. However, intrinsic features of IoT result in a number of challenges, such as decentralization, poor interoperability, privacy, and security vulnerabilities. Blockchain technology brings the opportunities in addressing the challenges of IoT. In this paper, we investigate the integration of blockchain technology with IoT. We name such synthesis of blockchain and IoT as blockchain of things (BCoT). This paper presents an in-depth survey of BCoT and discusses the insights of this new paradigm. In particular, we first briefly introduce IoT and discuss the challenges of IoT. Then, we give an overview of blockchain technology. We next concentrate on introducing the convergence of blockchain and IoT and presenting the proposal of BCoT architecture. We further discuss the issues about using blockchain for fifth generation beyond in IoT as well as industrial applications of BCoT. Finally, we outline the open research directions in this promising area.
TL;DR: Calculations are developed and examined to reduce the entire quantity of Wireless access points as well as their locations in almost any given atmosphere while with the throughput needs and the necessity to ensure every place in the area can achieve a minimum of k APs.
Abstract: More particularly, calculations are developed and examined to reduce the entire quantity of Wireless access points as well as their locations in almost any given atmosphere while with the throughput needs and the necessity to ensure every place in the area can achieve a minimum of k APs. This paper concentrates on using Wireless for interacting with and localizing the robot. We've carried out thorough studies of Wireless signal propagation qualities both in indoor and outside conditions, which forms the foundation for Wireless AP deployment and communication to be able to augment how human operators communicate with this atmosphere, a mobile automatic platform is developed. Gas and oil refineries could be a harmful atmosphere for various reasons, including heat, toxic gasses, and unpredicted catastrophic failures. When multiple Wireless APs are close together, there's a possible for interference. A graph-coloring heuristic can be used to find out AP funnel allocation. Additionally, Wireless fingerprinting based localization is developed. All of the calculations implemented are examined in real life situations using the robot developed and answers are promising. For example, within the gas and oil industry, during inspection, maintenance, or repair of facilities inside a refinery, people might be uncovered to seriously high temps to have a long time, to toxic gasses including methane and H2S, and also to unpredicted catastrophic failures.