Ranendra N. Biswas
Bio: Ranendra N. Biswas is an academic researcher from Shiv Nadar University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Efficient energy use & Energy consumption. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publication(s) receiving 9 citation(s).
••01 Feb 2018
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that temporal correlation of pollutant concentration can be exploited to select optimum sampling period of an energy-intensive sensor to reduce sensing energy consumption without losing much information.
Abstract: Air pollution monitoring systems with energy-intensive sensors cannot afford to sample frequently in order to maximize time between successive recharges. In this paper, we propose an energy-efficient machine learning based sensor duty-cycling method for a sensor hub receiving data from the air-pollution sensors. In particular, we demonstrate that temporal correlation of pollutant concentration can be exploited to select optimum sampling period of an energy-intensive sensor to reduce sensing energy consumption without losing much information. Support Vector Regression is used to predict the missing samples during the period sensor is turned off.
01 Feb 2015
Abstract: Ever growing populations in cities are associated with a major increase in road vehicles and air pollution. The overall high levels of urban air pollution have been shown to be of a significant risk to city dwellers. However, the impacts of very high but temporally and spatially restricted pollution, and thus exposure, are still poorly understood. Conventional approaches to air quality monitoring are based on networks of static and sparse measurement stations. However, these are prohibitively expensive to capture tempo-spatial heterogeneity and identify pollution hotspots, which is required for the development of robust real-time strategies for exposure control. Current progress in developing low-cost micro-scale sensing technology is radically changing the conventional approach to allow real-time information in a capillary form. But the question remains whether there is value in the less accurate data they generate. This article illustrates the drivers behind current rises in the use of low-cost sensors for air pollution management in cities, whilst addressing the major challenges for their effective implementation.
TL;DR: This article surveys the existing green sensing and communication approaches to realize sustainable IoT systems for various applications and presents a few case studies that aim to generate sensed traffic data intelligently as well as prune it efficiently without sacrificing the required service quality.
Abstract: With the advent of Internet of Things (IoT) devices, their reconfigurability, networking, task automation, and control ability have been a boost to the evolution of traditional industries such as health-care, agriculture, power, education, and transport. However, the quantum of data produced by the IoT devices poses serious challenges on its storage, communication, computation, security, scalability, and system’s energy sustainability. To address these challenges, the concept of green sensing and communication has gained importance. This article surveys the existing green sensing and communication approaches to realize sustainable IoT systems for various applications. Further, a few case studies are presented that aim to generate sensed traffic data intelligently as well as prune it efficiently without sacrificing the required service quality. Challenges associated with these green techniques, various open issues, and future research directions for improving the energy efficiency of the IoT systems are also discussed.
TL;DR: IoT data driven unique communication approaches and optimization techniques to reduce the data handling footprint, leading to communication bandwidth, cloud storage, and energy saving, without compromising the service quality are presented.
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) has gained tremendous popularity with the recent fast-paced technological advances in embedded programmable electronic and electro-mechanical systems, miniaturization, and their networking ability. IoT is expected to change the way of human activities by extensively networked monitoring, automation, and control. However, widespread application of IoT is associated with numerous challenges on communication and storage requirements, energy sustainability, and security. Also, IoT data traffic as well as the service quality requirements are application-specific. Through a few practical example cases, this article presents IoT data driven unique communication approaches and optimization techniques to reduce the data handling footprint, leading to communication bandwidth, cloud storage, and energy saving, without compromising the service quality. Subsequently, it discusses newer challenges that are needed to be tackled, to make the IoT applications practically viable for their wide-ranging adoption.
Abstract: Transit activities are a significant contributor to a person’s daily exposure to pollutants. Currently obtaining accurate information about the personal exposure of a commuter is challenging as existing solutions either have a coarse monitoring resolution that omits subtle variations in pollutant concentrations or are laborious and costly to use. We contribute by systematically analysing the feasibility of using wearable low-cost pollution sensors for capturing the total exposure of commuters. Through extensive experiments carried out in the Helsinki metropolitan region, we demonstrate that low-cost sensors can capture the overall exposure with sufficient accuracy, while at the same time providing insights into variations within transport modalities. We also demonstrate that wearable sensors can capture subtle variations caused by differing routes, passenger density, location within a carriage, and other factors. For example, we demonstrate that location within the vehicle carriage can result in up to 25 % increase in daily pollution exposure – a significant difference that existing solutions are unable to capture. Finally, we highlight the practical benefits of low-cost sensors as a pollution monitoring solution by introducing applications that are enabled by low-cost wearable sensors.
•13 Dec 2019
TL;DR: This article presents low-cost sensor technologies, and it survey and assess machine learning-based calibration techniques for their calibration, and presents open questions and directions for future research.
Abstract: In recent years, interest in monitoring air quality has been growing. Traditional environmental monitoring stations are very expensive, both to acquire and to maintain, therefore their deployment is generally very sparse. This is a problem when trying to generate air quality maps with a fine spatial resolution. Given the general interest in air quality monitoring, low-cost air quality sensors have become an active area of research and development. Low-cost air quality sensors can be deployed at a finer level of granularity than traditional monitoring stations. Furthermore, they can be portable and mobile. Low-cost air quality sensors, however, present some challenges: they suffer from crosssensitivities between different ambient pollutants; they can be affected by external factors such as traffic, weather changes, and human behavior; and their accuracy degrades over time. Some promising machine learning approaches can help us obtain highly accurate measurements with low-cost air quality sensors. In this article, we present low-cost sensor technologies, and we survey and assess machine learning-based calibration techniques for their calibration. We conclude by presenting open questions and directions for future research.