Other affiliations: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University UCINF, Polytechnic University of Valencia ...read more
Bio: Vitor Sencadas is an academic researcher from University of Wollongong. The author has contributed to research in topics: Membrane & Crystallinity. The author has an hindex of 52, co-authored 181 publications receiving 8260 citations. Previous affiliations of Vitor Sencadas include Massachusetts Institute of Technology & University UCINF.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The phase transformation from α to β poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) through a stretching process at different temperatures was investigated in this paper, where the stretched samples were studied and characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry.
Abstract: The phase transformation from α to β poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) through a stretching process at different temperatures was investigated. Samples of originally α-PVDF were stretched uniaxially at different temperatures at draw ratios from 1 to 5. The stretched samples were studied and characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. The maximum β-phase content was achieved at 80°C and a stretch ratio of 5, but the samples still showed 20% of the original α-phase. Accompanying the phase transformation, an orientation of the polymer chains was observed. The stretching process also influenced the degree of crystallinity of the polymer. Poling of the samples also improves the α- to β-phase transformation.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors confine Sn4P3 in N-doped carbon fibers as anode for potassium-ion batteries with enhanced cycling stability and high rate capability (160.7 mA hr g−1 after 1,000 cycles at 500 mA g −1).
Abstract: Summary Phosphorus-based anodes for alkali metal-ion batteries are attractive due to their high theoretical-specific capacity. However, their poor electrochemical performance caused by relatively large volume variations during cycling, low electrical conductivity, and severe electrolyte decomposition due to highly reactive phosphide surface hinder their potential applications. Herein, we confine Sn4P3 in N-doped carbon fibers as anode for potassium-ion batteries with enhanced cycling stability and high rate capability (160.7 mA hr g−1 after 1,000 cycles at 500 mA g−1). The Sn4P3 anodes undergo a sequential conversion (P to K3P11, K3P) and alloying (Sn to KSn) reactions with synergistic K-storage mechanisms. Also, the electrolyte with potassium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide salt can effectively suppress the dendrite growth in K stripping/plating, stabilize the solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer, and avoid excessive side reactions, thus enhancing the electrode stability. This work provides a feasible approach to overcome the durability bottlenecks of K-ion batteries through regulating dendrite growth and SEI formation.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed suitable electrode materials and electrolytes for accommodating the relatively large size and high cost of PIBs, which is a promising energy storage system because of the abundance and low cost of potassium.
Abstract: Potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) are promising energy storage systems because of the abundance and low cost of potassium. The formidable challenge is to develop suitable electrode materials and electrolytes for accommodating the relatively large size and high
TL;DR: In this article, the ferroelectric switching behavior and piezoelectric response of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) prepared by drawing at stretching ratios from 1 to 5 and temperatures from 80 to 140 °C has been studied.
Abstract: The ferroelectric switching behaviour and piezoelectric response of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) prepared by drawing at stretching ratios from 1 to 5 and temperatures from 80 to 140 °C has been studied. Stretching ratio and temperature deeply influence the α (non-ferroelectric) to β (ferroelectric) phase transformation. The variations in the phase content are accompanied by changes in the degree of crystallinity and the microstructure, all of them influencing the macroscopic piezoelectric and ferroelectric response of the material. This work shows how the piezo- and ferroelectric behaviour of PVDF depends on the aforementioned parameters and, in particular, on the crystalline β-phase content. Coercive electric field, remnant polarization and saturation polarization increase with increasing ferroelectric β-phase content in the sample. In a similar way, samples with higher β-phase content show higher d33 piezoelectric coefficients.
TL;DR: The most used materials for tissue engineering strategies are reported together with the main achievements, challenges and future needs for research and actual therapies and a compilation of the most relevant results and strategies are provided.
Abstract: Tissue engineering often rely on scaffolds for supporting cell differentiation and growth. Novel paradigms for tissue engineering include the need of active or smart scaffolds in order to properly regenerate specific tissues. In particular, as electrical and electromechanical clues are among the most relevant ones in determining tissue functionality in tissues such as muscle and bone, among others, electroactive materials and, in particular, piezoelectric ones, show strong potential for novel tissue engineering strategies, in particular taking also into account the existence of these phenomena within some specific tissues, indicating their requirement also during tissue regeneration. This referee reports on piezoelectric materials used for tissue engineering applications. The most used materials for tissue engineering strategies are reported together with the main achievements, challenges and future needs for research and actual therapies. This review provides thus a compilation of the most relevant results and strategies and a start point for novel research pathways in the most relevant and challenging open questions.
TL;DR: In this article, the main characteristics of the electroactive phases of polyvinylidene fluoride and copolymers are summarized, and some interesting potential applications and processing challenges are discussed.
Abstract: Poly(vinylidene fluoride), PVDF, and its copolymers are the family of polymers with the highest dielectric constant and electroactive response, including piezoelectric, pyroelectric and ferroelectric effects. The electroactive properties are increasingly important in a wide range of applications such as in biomedicine, energy generation and storage, monitoring and control, and include the development of sensors and actuators, separator and filtration membranes and smart scaffolds, among others. For many of these applications the polymer should be in one of its electroactive phases. This review presents the developments and summarizes the main characteristics of the electroactive phases of PVDF and copolymers, indicates the different processing strategies as well as the way in which the phase content is identified and quantified. Additionally, recent advances in the development of electroactive composites allowing novel effects, such as magnetoelectric responses, and opening new applications areas are presented. Finally, some of the more interesting potential applications and processing challenges are discussed.
TL;DR: A comprehensive overview of recent progress on the production and modification of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes for liquid-liquid or liquid-solid separation can be found in this article.
Abstract: This article provides a comprehensive overview of recent progress on the production and modification of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membranes for liquid–liquid or liquid–solid separation. The crystalline properties, thermal stability and chemical resistance were firstly considered in this review, followed by the production methods of PVDF membranes via phase inversion including immersion precipitation and thermally induced phase separation. Various hydrophilic modification approaches such as surface modification and blending modification for improving the fouling resistance of PVDF membranes were subsequently reviewed. Finally, in the light of the anticipated role of PVDF as a superior membrane material, future prospects on the production and modification of PVDF membranes were suggested.
TL;DR: This Review presents a comprehensive review of the use of ferroelectric polymers, especially PVDF and PVDF-based copolymers/blends as potential components in dielectric nanocomposite materials for high energy density capacitor applications.
Abstract: Dielectric polymer nanocomposites are rapidly emerging as novel materials for a number of advanced engineering applications. In this Review, we present a comprehensive review of the use of ferroelectric polymers, especially PVDF and PVDF-based copolymers/blends as potential components in dielectric nanocomposite materials for high energy density capacitor applications. Various parameters like dielectric constant, dielectric loss, breakdown strength, energy density, and flexibility of the polymer nanocomposites have been thoroughly investigated. Fillers with different shapes have been found to cause significant variation in the physical and electrical properties. Generally, one-dimensional and two-dimensional nanofillers with large aspect ratios provide enhanced flexibility versus zero-dimensional fillers. Surface modification of nanomaterials as well as polymers adds flavor to the dielectric properties of the resulting nanocomposites. Nowadays, three-phase nanocomposites with either combination of fillers...
TL;DR: This review first outlines the crucial issues in the nanodielectric field and then focuses on recent remarkable research developments in the fabrication of FNDMs with special constitutents, molecular structures, and microstructures.
Abstract: Study of flexible nanodielectric materials (FNDMs) with high permittivity is one of the most active academic research areas in advanced functional materials. FNDMs with excellent dielectric properties are demonstrated to show great promise as energy-storage dielectric layers in high-performance capacitors. These materials, in common, consist of nanoscale particles dispersed into a flexible polymer matrix so that both the physical/chemical characteristics of the nanoparticles and the interaction between the nanoparticles and the polymers have crucial effects on the microstructures and final properties. This review first outlines the crucial issues in the nanodielectric field and then focuses on recent remarkable research developments in the fabrication of FNDMs with special constitutents, molecular structures, and microstructures. Possible reasons for several persistent issues are analyzed and the general strategies to realize FNDMs with excellent integral properties are summarized. The review further highlights some exciting examples of these FNDMs for power-energy-storage applications.
TL;DR: In this article, the recent developments and the characteristics of membrane separators for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are reviewed and the outlook and future directions in this research field are also given.
Abstract: In this paper, the recent developments and the characteristics of membrane separators for lithium-ion batteries are reviewed. In recent years, there have been intensive efforts to develop advanced battery separators for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries for different applications such as portable electronics, electric vehicles, and energy storage for power grids. The separator is a critical component of lithium-ion batteries since it provides a physical barrier between the positive and negative electrodes in order to prevent electrical short circuits. The separator also serves as the electrolyte reservoir for the transport of ions during the charging and discharging cycles of a battery. The performance of lithium-ion batteries is greatly affected by the materials and structure of the separators. This paper introduces the requirements of battery separators and the structure and properties of five important types of membrane separators which are microporous membranes, modified microporous membranes, non-woven mats, composite membranes and electrolyte membranes. Each separator type has inherent advantages and disadvantages which influence the performance of lithium-ion batteries. The structures, characteristics, manufacturing, modification, and performance of separators are described in this review paper. The outlook and future directions in this research field are also given.