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Author

Xianming Qing

Bio: Xianming Qing is an academic researcher from Institute for Infocomm Research Singapore. The author has contributed to research in topics: Antenna (radio) & Microstrip antenna. The author has an hindex of 46, co-authored 255 publications receiving 7787 citations. Previous affiliations of Xianming Qing include Agency for Science, Technology and Research & National University of Singapore.


Papers
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Proceedings ArticleDOI
15 May 2008
TL;DR: The outcome of this study suggests that Singapore has a great potential for employing emerging spectrum sharing technology such as the cognitive radio technology to accommodate enormous demands for future wireless services.
Abstract: We study the 24-hour spectrum usage pattern in Singapore in the frequency bands ranging from 80 MHz to 5850 MHz. The objectives are to find how the scarce radio spectrum allocated to different services is utilized in Singapore and identify the bands that could be accessed for future opportunistic use due to their low or no active utilization. The results from the spectrum measurements taken over 12 weekday periods reveal that a significant amount of spectrum in Singapore has very low occupancy all the time. The occupancy is quantified as the amount of spectrum detected above a certain received power threshold. The outcome of this study suggests that Singapore has a great potential for employing emerging spectrum sharing technology such as the cognitive radio technology to accommodate enormous demands for future wireless services. However, this study of spectrum survey is preliminary in its nature and future long term studies need to be performed to determine any potential secondary usage on those channels that have low or no active utilization.

439 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a small printed antenna with a reduced groundplane effect for ultrawideband (UWB) applications is described, where a notch is cut from the radiator while a strip is asymmetrically attached to the radiator.
Abstract: A small printed antenna is described with a reduced ground-plane effect for ultrawideband (UWB) applications. The radiator and ground plane of the antenna are etched onto a piece of printed circuit board (PCB) with an overall size of 25mmtimes25 mmtimes1.5 mm. A notch is cut from the radiator while a strip is asymmetrically attached to the radiator. The simulation and measurement show that the miniaturized antenna achieves a broad operating bandwidth of 2.9-11.6 GHz for a 10-dB return loss. In particular, the ground-plane effect on impedance performance is greatly reduced by cutting the notch from the radiator because the electric currents on the ground plane are significantly suppressed at the lower edge operating frequencies. The antenna features three-dimensional omni-directional radiation with high radiation efficiency of 79%-95% across the UWB bandwidth. In addition, a parametric study of the geometric and electric parameters of the proposed antenna will be able to provide antenna engineers with more design information

420 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a metamaterial-based broadband low-profile mushroom antenna is presented, which is formed using an array of mushroom cells and a ground plane, and fed by a microstrip line through a slot cut onto the ground plane.
Abstract: A metamaterial-based broadband low-profile mushroom antenna is presented. The proposed antenna is formed using an array of mushroom cells and a ground plane, and fed by a microstrip line through a slot cut onto the ground plane. With the feeding slot right underneath the center gap between the mushroom cells, the dual resonance modes are excited simultaneously for the radiation at boresight. A transmission-line model integrated with the dispersion relation of a composite right/left-handed mushroom structure is applied to analyze the modes. The proposed dielectric-filled (er=3.38) mushroom antenna with a low profile of 0.06λ0 ( λ0 is the operating wavelength in free space) and a ground plane of 1.10λ0×1.10λ0 attains 25% measured bandwidth with(|S11| <; - 10dB) 9.9-dBi average gain at 5-GHz band. Across the bandwidth, the antenna efficiency is greater than 76%, and cross-polarization levels are less than -20 dB.

290 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a single-feed configuration based asymmetric-circular shaped slotted square microstrip patches are adopted to realize the compact circularly polarized microstrip antennas with slits.
Abstract: Novel asymmetric-circular shaped slotted microstrip patch antennas with slits are proposed for circularly polarized (CP) radiation and radio frequency identification (RFID) reader applications. A single-feed configuration based asymmetric-circular shaped slotted square microstrip patches are adopted to realize the compact circularly polarized microstrip antennas. The asymmetric-circular shaped slot(s) along the diagonal directions are embedded symmetrically onto a square microstrip patch for CP radiation and small antenna size. The CP radiation can be achieved by slightly asymmetric (unbalanced) patch along the diagonal directions by slot areas. Four symmetric-slits are also embedded symmetrically along the orthogonal directions of the asymmetric-circular shaped slotted patch to further reduce antenna size. The operating frequency of the antenna can be tuned by varying the slit length while keeping the CP radiation unchanged. The measured 3-dB axial-ratio (AR) bandwidth of around 6.0 MHz with 17.0 MHz impedance bandwidth is achieved for the antenna on a RO4003C substrate. The overall antenna size is 0.27λo × 0.27λo × 0.0137λo at 900 MHz.

268 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a substrate integrated waveguide fed cavity array antenna using multilayered low temperature co-fired ceramic technology is presented and designed at V-band (60 GHz).
Abstract: A substrate integrated waveguide fed cavity array antenna using multilayered low temperature co-fired ceramic technology is presented and designed at V-band (60 GHz). The 8 × 8 antenna array is designed with an enhanced bandwidth of 17.1% and a gain up to 22.1 dBi by reconfiguring radiating elements, feeding network, and the transition. The proposed array antenna also features the merits of compact size, stable performance, and high efficiency.

240 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI

[...]

08 Dec 2001-BMJ
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …

33,785 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
27 Aug 2013
TL;DR: The design of a communication system that enables two devices to communicate using ambient RF as the only source of power is presented, enabling ubiquitous communication where devices can communicate among themselves at unprecedented scales and in locations that were previously inaccessible.
Abstract: We present the design of a communication system that enables two devices to communicate using ambient RF as the only source of power. Our approach leverages existing TV and cellular transmissions to eliminate the need for wires and batteries, thus enabling ubiquitous communication where devices can communicate among themselves at unprecedented scales and in locations that were previously inaccessible.To achieve this, we introduce ambient backscatter, a new communication primitive where devices communicate by backscattering ambient RF signals. Our design avoids the expensive process of generating radio waves; backscatter communication is orders of magnitude more power-efficient than traditional radio communication. Further, since it leverages the ambient RF signals that are already around us, it does not require a dedicated power infrastructure as in traditional backscatter communication. To show the feasibility of our design, we prototype ambient backscatter devices in hardware and achieve information rates of 1 kbps over distances of 2.5 feet and 1.5 feet, while operating outdoors and indoors respectively. We use our hardware prototype to implement proof-of-concepts for two previously infeasible ubiquitous communication applications.

1,269 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview of antenna design for passive radio frequency identification (RFID) tags is presented, which outlines a generic design process including range measurement techniques and focuses on one practical application: RFID tag for box tracking in warehouses.
Abstract: In this paper, an overview of antenna design for passive radio frequency identification (RFID) tags is presented. We discuss various requirements of such designs, outline a generic design process including range measurement techniques and concentrate on one practical application: RFID tag for box tracking in warehouses. A loaded meander antenna design for this application is described and its various practical aspects such as sensitivity to fabrication process and box content are analyzed. Modeling and simulation results are also presented which are in good agreement with measurement data.

1,268 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper provides a systematic overview on CR networking and communications by looking at the key functions of the physical, medium access control (MAC), and network layers involved in a CR design and how these layers are crossly related.
Abstract: Cognitive radio (CR) is the enabling technology for supporting dynamic spectrum access: the policy that addresses the spectrum scarcity problem that is encountered in many countries. Thus, CR is widely regarded as one of the most promising technologies for future wireless communications. To make radios and wireless networks truly cognitive, however, is by no means a simple task, and it requires collaborative effort from various research communities, including communications theory, networking engineering, signal processing, game theory, software-hardware joint design, and reconfigurable antenna and radio-frequency design. In this paper, we provide a systematic overview on CR networking and communications by looking at the key functions of the physical (PHY), medium access control (MAC), and network layers involved in a CR design and how these layers are crossly related. In particular, for the PHY layer, we will address signal processing techniques for spectrum sensing, cooperative spectrum sensing, and transceiver design for cognitive spectrum access. For the MAC layer, we review sensing scheduling schemes, sensing-access tradeoff design, spectrum-aware access MAC, and CR MAC protocols. In the network layer, cognitive radio network (CRN) tomography, spectrum-aware routing, and quality-of-service (QoS) control will be addressed. Emerging CRNs that are actively developed by various standardization committees and spectrum-sharing economics will also be reviewed. Finally, we point out several open questions and challenges that are related to the CRN design.

980 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper provides an overview of the existing multibeam antenna technologies which include the passiveMultibeam antennas (MBAs) based on quasi-optical components and beamforming circuits, multibeams phased-array antennas enabled by various phase-shifting methods, and digital MBAs with different system architectures.
Abstract: With the demanding system requirements for the fifth-generation (5G) wireless communications and the severe spectrum shortage at conventional cellular frequencies, multibeam antenna systems operating in the millimeter-wave frequency bands have attracted a lot of research interest and have been actively investigated. They represent the key antenna technology for supporting a high data transmission rate, an improved signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio, an increased spectral and energy efficiency, and versatile beam shaping, thereby holding a great promise in serving as the critical infrastructure for enabling beamforming and massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) that boost the 5G. This paper provides an overview of the existing multibeam antenna technologies which include the passive multibeam antennas (MBAs) based on quasi-optical components and beamforming circuits, multibeam phased-array antennas enabled by various phase-shifting methods, and digital MBAs with different system architectures. Specifically, their principles of operation, design, and implementation, as well as a number of illustrative application examples are reviewed. Finally, the suitability of these MBAs for the future 5G massive MIMO wireless systems as well as the associated challenges is discussed.

737 citations