Physica A-statistical Mechanics and Its Applications
About: Physica A-statistical Mechanics and Its Applications is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Ising model & Complex network. Over the lifetime, 27234 publication(s) have been published receiving 532586 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors developed a method for the multifractal characterization of nonstationary time series, which is based on a generalization of the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA).
Abstract: We develop a method for the multifractal characterization of nonstationary time series, which is based on a generalization of the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). We relate our multifractal DFA method to the standard partition function-based multifractal formalism, and prove that both approaches are equivalent for stationary signals with compact support. By analyzing several examples we show that the new method can reliably determine the multifractal scaling behavior of time series. By comparing the multifractal DFA results for original series with those for shuffled series we can distinguish multifractality due to long-range correlations from multifractality due to a broad probability density function. We also compare our results with the wavelet transform modulus maxima method, and show that the results are equivalent.
TL;DR: This work represents communication/transportation systems as networks and studies their ability to resist failures simulated as the breakdown of a group of nodes of the network chosen at random (chosen accordingly to degree or load).
Abstract: Communication/transportation systems are often subjected to failures and attacks. Here we represent such systems as networks and we study their ability to resist failures (attacks) simulated as the breakdown of a group of nodes of the network chosen at random (chosen accordingly to degree or load). We consider and compare the results for two different network topologies: the Erdos–Renyi random graph and the Barabasi–Albert scale-free network. We also discuss briefly a dynamical model recently proposed to take into account the dynamical redistribution of loads after the initial damage of a single node of the network.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyzed the evolution of the co-authorship network of scientists and found that the network is scale-free and the network evolution is governed by preferential attachment, a8ecting both internal and external links.
Abstract: The co-authorship network of scientists represents a prototype of complex evolving networks. In addition, it o8ers one of the most extensive database to date on social networks. By mapping the electronic database containing all relevant journals in mathematics and neuro-science for an 8-year period (1991–98), we infer the dynamic and the structural mechanisms that govern the evolution and topology of this complex system. Three complementary approaches allow us to obtain a detailed characterization. First, empirical measurements allow us to uncover the topological measures that characterize the network at a given moment, as well as the time evolution of these quantities. The results indicate that the network is scale-free, and that the network evolution is governed by preferential attachment, a8ecting both internal and external links. However, in contrast with most model predictions the average degree increases in time, and the node separation decreases. Second, we propose a simple model that captures the network’s time evolution. In some limits the model can be solved analytically, predicting a two-regime scaling in agreement with the measurements. Third, numerical simulations are used to uncover the behavior of quantities that could not be predicted analytically. The combined numerical and analytical results underline the important role internal links play in determining the observed scaling behavior and network topology. The results and methodologies developed in the context of the co-authorship network could be useful for a systematic study of other complex evolving networks as well, such as the world wide web, Internet, or other social networks. c
TL;DR: Recent progress about link prediction algorithms is summarized, emphasizing on the contributions from physical perspectives and approaches, such as the random-walk-based methods and the maximum likelihood methods.
Abstract: Link prediction in complex networks has attracted increasing attention from both physical and computer science communities. The algorithms can be used to extract missing information, identify spurious interactions, evaluate network evolving mechanisms, and so on. This article summaries recent progress about link prediction algorithms, emphasizing on the contributions from physical perspectives and approaches, such as the random-walk-based methods and the maximum likelihood methods. We also introduce three typical applications: reconstruction of networks, evaluation of network evolving mechanism and classification of partially labeled networks. Finally, we introduce some applications and outline future challenges of link prediction algorithms.
TL;DR: A mean-field method is developed to predict the growth dynamics of the individual vertices of the scale-free model, and this is used to calculate analytically the connectivity distribution and the scaling exponents.
Abstract: Random networks with complex topology are common in Nature, describing systems as diverse as the world wide web or social and business networks. Recently, it has been demonstrated that most large networks for which topological information is available display scale-free features. Here we study the scaling properties of the recently introduced scale-free model, that can account for the observed power-law distribution of the connectivities. We develop a mean-eld method to predict the growth dynamics of the individual vertices, and use this to calculate analytically the connectivity distribution and the scaling exponents. The mean-eld method can be used to address the properties of two variants of the scale-free model, that do not display power-law scaling. c 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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