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Journal ArticleDOI

A Comparative assessment of Metabolic Syndrome and its association with Vitamin D and other risk factors in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

01 Jan 2021-Current Diabetes Reviews (Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.)-Vol. 17, Iss: 2, pp 233-242

TL;DR: The study revealed high prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetic patients, which was highest according to IDF and lowest was observed in WHO criteria 48.1%.
Abstract: OBJECTIVES To determine the overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome using the World Health Organization (WHO); National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) guidelines and to study its association with vitamin D and other biochemical parameters in patients with type 2 Diabetes mellitus, as well as to identify the set of biochemical parameters that jointly influence the metabolic syndrome using different diagnostic criteria. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out at a private health care center in -a total of 291 diabetic patients. Socio-demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of patients. Statistical analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 23). RESULTS A total number of 291 patients with T2DM were included in this study. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the study subjects was 48.1%, 87.3%, 64.9% using the WHO, IDF, and NCEP-ATPIII criteria, respectively. The highest prevalence was reported following IDF diagnostic criteria. Sex, triglyceride, and fasting blood sugar were associated factors of metabolic syndrome by all the three diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSION The study revealed a high prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetic patients, which was highest at 87.3% according to IDF and lowest was observed according to the WHO criteria i.e, 48.1%. A significant variance in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was reported between WHO, IDF, and NCEP criteria.
Topics: Type 2 diabetes (55%), Metabolic syndrome (54%), Diabetes mellitus (52%), Prevalence (50%)
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Hui Shi1, Peng Zhou1, Ying-qun Ni2, Shu-shu Wang1  +5 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Objectives Danzhi Jiangtang capsule (DJC) is widely used for preventing and treating diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, the underlying mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic activities are unclear. Methods In the in vivo diabetic cardiomyopathy rat model, cardiac function was measured through echocardiography, histological changes in the myocardium were visualized using HE staining, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected using TUNEL. The serum levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines were detected using ELISA. Finally, TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB mRNA expressions were analyzed using RT-qPCR. In the in vitro experiments, the apoptosis rate of the H9c2 cells was detected using FCM; moreover, TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB mRNA expressions were measured using RT-qPCR and related protein levels were investigated using Western blotting. Results In vivo, DJC effectively improved cardiac function, alleviated the pathological changes, and reduced the apoptosis rate. Moreover, DJC reduced TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 activities, with significant inhibition of the TLR4, MyD88 and NF-κB p65 mRNA expression. Moreover, in vitro, DJC effectively inhibited high-glucose-induced H9c2 apoptosis-an effect similar to that for TAK242. Finally, both the DJC and TAK242 considerably reduced TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB, Bax, and caspase-3 protein expression but increased that of BCL-2. Conclusions DJC prevented the overactivation of the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway and regulate cardiomyocyte apoptosis against DCM.