Bio: Anand Plappally is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology, Jodhpur. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Ceramic & Water conservation. The author has an hindex of 9, co-authored 30 publication(s) receiving 651 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Anand Plappally include Ohio State University & Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Abstract: The COVID-19 global pandemic has caused a profound change in the teaching pedagogies and assessment strategies in engineering curricula worldwide. Concerning this, the article examines the role of animation-enhanced concept-in-context maps as a learning resource for the introductory materials science course in an online flipped format. The research was conducted on second-year mechanical engineering undergraduates. The methodology used two-group quasi-experimental design where the experimental group received animated concept-in-context maps as a learning resource, in contrast to the control group, which obtained static concept-in-context maps. The student's understanding of the topic was evaluated from their performance in pre-quiz and post-quiz scores. The preliminary results of the pilot study turned out to be in favor of animation-assisted mapping; further research is in process, and in-depth experimentation has been planned.
Abstract: Stress-Strain relations are graphical measures to determine the mechanical properties and morphology of engineering materials. In engineering universities, stress-strain curves are introduced in th...
••01 Jan 2020
Abstract: Layered Manufacturing enabled the direct production of sand molds and cores by selective injection of binding agents into sand layer. These binding agents are chemically reactive and have significantly higher cost in comparison to Bentonite clay used in routine foundry work. These binders also need special mechanism for printing and storage which result into increased equipment cost. The present study explores feasibility of using low-cost natural binding agent, orange peel powder as an alternative to chemical binders. A preliminary framework for layered manufacturing of standard sand testing samples employing natural binders is developed. Some of the important mold properties such as mold hardness, mold permeability and green compressive and shear strength are evaluated. The results are compared with standard sand testing specimen prepared using conventional binding agents. It has been observed that the mold hardness and strength properties of layered mold using orange peel powder are significantly better. The outcomes of this preliminary study are quite encouraging and further work will focus on investigating reasons for improved sand mold properties and development of low cost layered manufacturing equipment for direct printing of sand molds.
Abstract: This article discusses the characterization of local clay-organic (CO) ceramics used in the microfiltration application in India. Local clay and sawdust were the raw materials for these ceramics. Wet mix with specified volume fractions of these raw materials was hydroplastically formed to square plates, cured, and fired at 850°C. Once fired, these ceramics showed a prominent presence of silica, alumina, and oxides of iron. Quartz, potassium feldspar, and hematite are the major minerals in these ceramics. The dominance of pores orthogonal to the surface was a feature in this family of ceramics. The 50O composition of the CO ceramics is observed to have a maximum frequency of orthogonal pores. Therefore, an example of gravity-based filtration flow models of this material shaped in distinct forms is carried out to enumerate possible scaling. The surface roughness of the cured specimen plate varies linearly with the porosity of the mixture. The compressive strength shows a polynomial increase with an increase in the values of surface roughness. The fracture toughness is a linear function of the surface roughness of these CO ceramics.
Abstract: This paper elaborates manufacture and performance analysis of new clay ceramic (CC) water filtration materials. The CC is manufactured from clay and sawdust mix. Waste marble powder and machined iron fines are used as additives to the mix for manufacturing the new modified materials. An equal volume of clay and sawdust were used to manufacture the control CC. Another ceramic, marble clay ceramic (MCC), was manufactured with distinct volume fractions of clay, sawdust, and marble (40:40:10). Third ceramic, ferrous clay ceramic (FCC), was manufactured from an equal volume of clay and sawdust and five percent by volume of iron fines. FCC showcased better arsenic (As (V)) contaminant removal from water at acidic pH while MCC showcased best As (V) removal at around pH of 8. Average flexural strength of MCC was comparatively better than FCC and CC. The modified materials showcased similar percolation rates at par with control CC. MCC showcased comparatively better E. coli removal capabilities than FCC and CC. Only limited volumetric addition of marble powder and iron fines were found to positively affect compressive strength. The results demonstrate new low-cost ways of modifying strength and specific water treatment characteristics of CC using waste materials from local marble-processing and iron-machining industries.
Frank A. Ward1•Institutions (1)
Abstract: 1. Abstract Emerging evidence showing trends in climate change with a strong likelihood those changes will continue elevates the importance of finding affordable adaptations by irrigated agriculture. Successful climate adaptation measures are needed to affordably sustain irrigated agriculture in the face of elevated carbon emissions affecting the reliability of water supplies. Numerous potential adaptation options are available for adjusting irrigated agricultural systems to implement climate risk adaptation. This work focuses on addressing the gap in the literature defined by a scarcity of reviews on measures to elevate the capacity of irrigated agriculture to enhance its climate change resilience. Accordingly, the original contribution of this work is to review the literature describing measures for enhancing climate resilience by irrigated agriculture. In addition, it describes the role of economic analysis to discover affordable measures to enhance resilience by irrigated agriculture. It achieves those aims by posing the question “What principles, practices, and recent developments are available to guide discovery of measures to improve resilience by irrigated agriculture to adapt to ongoing evidence of climate change?” It addresses that question by reviewing several risk reduction measures to control the economic cost of losses to irrigators in the face of growing water supply unreliability. Following this review, a role for optimizing a portfolio of climate adaptation measures is described, followed by a discussion of potential contributions that can be made by the use of hydroeconomic analysis. Results provide a framework for economic analysis to discover economically attractive methods to elevate resilience of irrigated agriculture.
Abstract: In this study, a cooperative game theory framework is proposed to investigate how the cooperation of groundwater consumers influences the reduction in environmental damages and benefit the ...
Abstract: Allocation of water over its six dimensions of quantity, quality, timing, location, price, and cost remains an ongoing challenge facing water resource planning worldwide. This challenge is magnified with growing evidence of climate change and related water supply stressors. This stress will challenge food, energy, and water systems as climate adaptation policy measures see continued debate. Despite numerous achievements made many by previous works, few attempts have scanned the literature on economic optimization analysis for water resources planning to discover affordable climate adaptation measures. This paper aims to fill that gap by reviewing the literature on water resource optimization analysis at the basin scale to guide discovery of affordable climate adaptation measures. It does so by posing the question “What principles, practices, and recent developments are available to guide discovery of policy measures to improve water resource system adaptions to growing evidence of climate water stress?” It describes past achievements and identifies improvements needed for optimization analysis to inform policy debates for crafting plans to improve climate resilience. It describes an economic conceptual framework as well as identifying data needs for conducting economic optimization exercises to support river basin planning faced by the challenge of managing the six water dimensions described above. It presents an example from an ongoing issue facing water planners in the Middle East. Conclusions find considerable utility in the use of economic optimization exercises to guide climate water stressadaptation. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
••01 Jan 2022
Abstract: Diarrheal illnesses claim the lives of hundreds of thousands of children each year, most of whom live in rural and low-income communities. Ceramic Water Filters (CWF) are widely regarded as one wat...
Author's H-index: 9