Bio: Philippe Karazivan is an academic researcher from Université de Montréal. The author has contributed to research in topics: Health care & Experiential knowledge. The author has an hindex of 7, co-authored 17 publications receiving 539 citations.
TL;DR: This innovative approach to patient care is described, including the conceptual framework used in its development and the main achievements of patient partners in education, health care, and research.
Abstract: The prevalence of chronic diseases today calls for new ways of working with patients to manage their care. Although patient-centered approaches have contributed to significant advances in care and to treatments that more fully respect patients' preferences, values, and personal experiences, the reality is that health care professionals still hold a monopoly on the role of healer. Patients live with their conditions every day and are experts when it comes to their own experiences of illness; this expertise should be welcomed, valued, and fostered by other members of the care team. The patient-as-partner approach embodies the ideal of making the patient a bona fide member of the health care team, a true partner in his or her care. Since 2010, the University of Montreal, through the Direction of Collaboration and Patient Partnership, has embraced this approach. Patients are not only active members of their own health care team but also are involved in research and provide valuable training to health sciences students. Including patients as full partners in the health care team entails a significant shift in both the medical practice and medical education cultures. In this perspective, the authors describe this innovative approach to patient care, including the conceptual framework used in its development and the main achievements of patient partners in education, health care, and research.
TL;DR: Patients appear to play a more active and less docile role in their own direct care than suggested so far in the literature, regardless of the degree of reciprocity of the partnership or the degree to which the health professional seeks to encourage patient engagement.
Abstract: To advocate for patients to be more actively involved with the healthcare services they receive, particularly patients living with chronic illness, the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Montreal and its affiliated hospitals developed the Patients as Partners concept where the patient is considered a full-fledged partner of the health care delivery team and the patient’s experiential knowledge is recognized. This study aims to show how patients view their engagement with healthcare professionals regarding their direct care. Using theoretical sampling, 16 semi-structured interviews were conducted with patients with chronic illness who were familiar with the concept of Patients as Partners. Data analysis followed a constructivist grounded theory approach. Patients describe themselves as proactively engaging in three types of practice, regardless of health professionals’ openness to their role as partners. The first is a process of continuous learning that allows them to acquire experiential knowledge about their health, as well as scientific information and technical know-how. The second involves their assessment of the healthcare they receive, in terms of its quality and how it aligns with their personal preferences. It includes their assessment of the quality of their relationship with the health professional and of the latter’s scientific knowledge and technical know-how. The third type, adaptation practices, builds on patients’ learning and assessments to compensate for and adapt to what has been perceived as optimal or non-optimal health or healthcare circumstances. Patients appear to play a more active and less docile role in their own direct care than suggested so far in the literature, regardless of the degree of reciprocity of the partnership or the degree to which the health professional seeks to encourage patient engagement.
TL;DR: Cette approche devrait avoir un impact important sur the sante des populations en ameliorant la sante physique, psychologique and le bien-etre des personnes.
Abstract: Dans le souci d’ameliorer la sante de la population et d’ameliorer la qualite des soins et des services delivres par le systeme de sante, une des voies prometteuses est l’engagement des patients a tous les niveaux du systeme de sante ainsi que dans la formation des professionnels de la sante. Depuis 2010, un nouveau modele relationnel, base sur le partenariat entre les patients et les professionnels de la sante, a ete developpe a la Faculte de medecine de l’Universite de Montreal. Ce modele de partenariat patient s’appuie sur la reconnaissance des savoirs experientiels du patient, issus de la vie avec la maladie, et complementaires des savoirs scientifiques des professionnels de la sante. Il s’inscrit dans un continuum d’engagement des patients et peut s’appliquer dans les milieux de soins, de la formation des professionnels, de l’enseignement et de la recherche. Nous exposerons dans cet article, les fondements theoriques du partenariat patient, puis comment ce nouveau modele peut etre mis en œuvre aux niveaux clinique, organisationnel et systemique et quels en sont les facteurs de reussite tant du cote des patients que des professionnels de la sante. Le « Montreal Model », en rendant le patient un partenaire incontournable pour toutes les decisions qui le concernent et comme expert de l’organisation des soins, offre aujourd’hui des perspectives pertinentes pour la gestion des maladies chroniques. Cette approche devrait avoir un impact important sur la sante des populations en ameliorant la sante physique, psychologique et le bien-etre des personnes. Dans ce cadre, plusieurs programmes de recherches sont actuellement en cours pour en evaluer l’impact.
TL;DR: In this article, a case study of how an empirical research approach can be used to identify and validate priorities for changes in medical education at a national level is presented. But, the focus of the case study was not on identifying the most important issues and challenges for the future of medical education.
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: One hundred years after the Flexner report remade medical education in North America, many countries are reviewing the purpose and organisation of medical education. In Canada, a national study is being undertaken to define important issues and challenges for the future of medical education. The objectives of this paper are to describe the process of conducting an empirical environmental scan at a national level, and to present the research findings of this scan. METHODS: Thirty national key informant interviews were conducted, transcribed and coded to identify key themes. Interview data were triangulated with data sourced from 34 commissioned literature reviews and a series of national focus groups. RESULTS: Ten key issues or priorities were identified and used to generate detailed review papers used by the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada to create a blueprint for the evolution of medical education. The new priorities have major implications for areas ranging from admissions, curriculum content, educational process and the need to articulate the purpose and responsibilities of medical schools in society. DISCUSSION: This research provides a case study of how an empirical research approach can be used to identify and validate priorities for changes in medical education at a national level. This approach may be of interest in other countries.
TL;DR: The theoretical basis for patient partnerships is described and how this new model can be implemented in clinical, organizational and systemic levels, as well as the success factors in both patients and healthcare professionals.
Abstract: A promising approach to improve the population's health and the quality of care and services provided by the health system consists of patient engagement at all levels of the health system together with training of health professionals. Since 2010, a new rational model based on the partnership between patients and healthcare professionals has been developed at the University of Montreal's Faculty of Medicine. This patient partnership model is based on the recognition of the patient's experiential knowledge gained from living with a disease, which is complementary to the healthcare professional's scientific knowledge. This partnership is part of a continuum of patient engagement and can be applied in healthcare, professional training, education and research settings. This article describes the theoretical basisfor patient partnerships and how this new model can be implemented in clinical, organizational and systemic levels, as well as the success factors in both patients and healthcare professionals. The Montreal Model provides relevant outlooks for chronic disease management by making patients essential partners in all decisions affecting them and by treating them as experts in the organisation of care. This model should have a significant impact on the population's health by improving physical, psychological health, as well as the patient's well-being. As part of this new framework, several research programs are currently underway to evaluate the impact of this model.
01 Jan 2016
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TL;DR: Patient engagement can inform patient and provider education and policies, as well as enhance service delivery and governance.
Abstract: To identify the strategies and contextual factors that enable optimal engagement of patients in the design, delivery, and evaluation of health services. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, PsychINFO, Social Science Abstracts, EBSCO, and ISI Web of Science from 1990 to 2016 for empirical studies addressing the active participation of patients, caregivers, or families in the design, delivery and evaluation of health services to improve quality of care. Thematic analysis was used to identify (1) strategies and contextual factors that enable optimal engagement of patients, (2) outcomes of patient engagement, and (3) patients’ experiences of being engaged. Forty-eight studies were included. Strategies and contextual factors that enable patient engagement were thematically grouped and related to techniques to enhance design, recruitment, involvement and leadership action, and those aimed to creating a receptive context. Reported outcomes ranged from educational or tool development and informed policy or planning documents (discrete products) to enhanced care processes or service delivery and governance (care process or structural outcomes). The level of engagement appears to influence the outcomes of service redesign—discrete products largely derived from low-level engagement (consultative unidirectional feedback)—whereas care process or structural outcomes mainly derived from high-level engagement (co-design or partnership strategies). A minority of studies formally evaluated patients’ experiences of the engagement process (n = 12; 25%). While most experiences were positive—increased self-esteem, feeling empowered, or independent—some patients sought greater involvement and felt that their involvement was important but tokenistic, especially when their requests were denied or decisions had already been made. Patient engagement can inform patient and provider education and policies, as well as enhance service delivery and governance. Additional evidence is needed to understand patients’ experiences of the engagement process and whether these outcomes translate into improved quality of care. N/A (data extraction completed prior to registration on PROSPERO).
TL;DR: The WFH Guidelines for the Management of Hemophilia panelists and co-authors thank the panelists for their time and share their views on how to better understand and treat hemophilia.
Abstract: Alok Srivastava 1 | Elena Santagostino 2 | Alison Dougall 3 | Steve Kitchen 4 | Megan Sutherland 5 | Steven W. Pipe 6 | Manuel Carcao 7 | Johnny Mahlangu 8 | Margaret V. Ragni 9 | Jerzy Windyga 10 | Adolfo Llinás 11 | Nicholas J. Goddard 12 | Richa Mohan 13 | Pradeep M. Poonnoose 14 | Brian M. Feldman 15 | Sandra Zelman Lewis 16 | H. Marijke van den Berg 17 | Glenn F. Pierce 18 | on behalf of the WFH Guidelines for the Management of Hemophilia panelists and co-authors*
TL;DR: The author explores the implications of both time-based and outcomes-based models for medical education reform and proposes an integration of their best features.
Abstract: One hundred years after Abraham Flexner released his report Medical Education in the United States and Canada, the spirit of reform is alive again. Reports in the United States and Canada have called for significant changes to medical education that will allow doctors to adapt to complex environments, work in teams, and meet a wide range of social needs. These reports call for clear educational outcomes but also for a flexible, individualized approach to learning. Whether or not change will result has much to do with the alignment between what is proposed and the nature of current societal discourses about how medical education should be conducted. Currently, two powerful and competing models of competence development are operating at odds with one another. The traditional one is time-based (a "tea-steeping" model, in which the student "steeps" in an educational program for a historically determined fixed time period to become a successful practitioner). This model directs attention to processes such as admission and curriculum design. The newer one is outcomes-based (an "i-Doc" model, a name suggested by the Apple i-Pod that infers that medical schools and residencies, like factories, can produce highly desirable products adapted to user needs and desires). This model focuses more on the functional capabilities of the end product (the graduate student, resident, or practicing physician). The author explores the implications of both time-based and outcomes-based models for medical education reform and proposes an integration of their best features.