Bio: Ya-Ling He is an academic researcher from Xi'an Jiaotong University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Heat transfer & Lattice Boltzmann methods. The author has an hindex of 76, co-authored 513 publications receiving 19776 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A comprehensive review of the lattice Boltzmann (LB) method for thermofluids and energy applications, focusing on multiphase flows, thermal flows and thermal multi-phase flows with phase change, is provided in this paper.
Abstract: Over the past few decades, tremendous progress has been made in the development of particle-based discrete simulation methods versus the conventional continuum-based methods. In particular, the lattice Boltzmann (LB) method has evolved from a theoretical novelty to a ubiquitous, versatile and powerful computational methodology for both fundamental research and engineering applications. It is a kinetic-based mesoscopic approach that bridges the microscales and macroscales, which offers distinctive advantages in simulation fidelity and computational efficiency. Applications of the LB method are now found in a wide range of disciplines including physics, chemistry, materials, biomedicine and various branches of engineering. The present work provides a comprehensive review of the LB method for thermofluids and energy applications, focusing on multiphase flows, thermal flows and thermal multiphase flows with phase change. The review first covers the theoretical framework of the LB method, revealing certain inconsistencies and defects as well as common features of multiphase and thermal LB models. Recent developments in improving the thermodynamic and hydrodynamic consistency, reducing spurious currents, enhancing the numerical stability, etc., are highlighted. These efforts have put the LB method on a firmer theoretical foundation with enhanced LB models that can achieve larger liquid-gas density ratio, higher Reynolds number and flexible surface tension. Examples of applications are provided in fuel cells and batteries, droplet collision, boiling heat transfer and evaporation, and energy storage. Finally, further developments and future prospect of the LB method are outlined for thermofluids and energy applications.
TL;DR: In this paper, a critical review of the theory and applications of a multiphase model in the community of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), the pseudopotential model proposed by Shan and Chen (1993), is presented.
Abstract: This article presents a critical review of the theory and applications of a multiphase model in the community of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), the pseudopotential model proposed by Shan and Chen (1993) , which has been successfully applied to a wide range of multiphase flow problems during the past two decades. The first part of the review begins with a description of the LBM and the original pseudopotential model. The distinct features and the limitations of the original model are described in detail. Then various enhancements necessary to improve the pseudopotential model in terms of decreasing the spurious currents, obtaining high density/viscosity ratio, reducing thermodynamic inconsistency, unraveling the coupling between surface tension and equations of state (EOS), and unraveling the coupling between viscosity and surface tension, are reviewed. Then the fluid–solid interactions are presented and schemes to obtain different contact angles are discussed. The final section of this part focuses on the multi-component multiphase pseudopotential model. The second part of this review describes fruitful applications of this model to various multiphase flows. Coupling of this model with other models for more complicated multiple physicochemical processes are also introduced in this part.
TL;DR: In this paper, the thermal reliability and stability of fatty acids as phase change materials and their heat transfer characteristics in a unit are analyzed. And the energy storage systems of three kinds of fatty acid as PCMs are discussed.
Abstract: Fatty acids as phase change materials have attracted much attention for their various applications in building energy efficiency, solar heating systems and air-conditioning systems. After summarizing the basic characteristics of fatty acids, eutectic mixtures of fatty acids and fatty acid esters, as well as the preparation and characteristics of fatty acid composites as phase change materials (PCMs), this paper analyzes the thermal reliability and stability of fatty acids as PCMs and their heat transfer characteristics in a unit which is followed by an introduction to the energy storage systems of three kinds of fatty acids as PCMs. Besides, it also points out the future research direction of fatty acids as PCMs as a solution of the insufficiency and flaws of current researches.
TL;DR: In this article, a coupled simulation method based on Monte Carlo Ray Trace (MCRT) and Finite Volume Method (FVM) is established to solve the complex coupled heat transfer problem of radiation, heat conduction and convection in parabolic trough solar collector system.
Abstract: A coupled simulation method based on Monte Carlo Ray Trace (MCRT) and Finite Volume Method (FVM) is established to solve the complex coupled heat transfer problem of radiation, heat conduction and convection in parabolic trough solar collector system. A coupled grid checking method is established to guarantee the consistency between the two methods and the validations to the coupled simulation model were performed. Firstly, the heat flux distribution on the collector tube surface was investigated to validate the MCRT method. The heat flux distribution curve could be divided into 4 parts: shadow effect area, heat flux increasing area, heat flux reducing area and direct radiation area. The heat flux distribution on the outer surface of absorber tube was heterogeneous in circle direction but uniform in axial direction. Then, the heat transfer and fluid flow performance in the LS-2 Solar Collector tube was investigated to validate the coupled simulation model. The outlet temperatures of the absorber tube predicted by the coupled simulation model were compared with the experimental data. The absolute errors are in the range of 1.5–3.7 °C, and the average relative error is less than 2%, which demonstrates the reliability of the coupled method established in this paper. At last, the concentrating characteristics of the parabolic trough collectors (PTCs) were analyzed by the coupled method, the effects of different geometric concentration ratios (GCs) and different rim angles were examined. The results show the two variables affect the heat flux distribution. With GC increasing, the heat flux distributions become gentler, the angle span of reducing area become larger and the shadow effect of absorber tube become weaker. And with the rim angle rising, the maximum value of heat flux become lower, and the curve moves towards the direction φ = 90°. But the temperature rising only augments with GC increasing and the effect of rim angle on heat transfer process could be neglected, when it is larger than 15°. If the rim angle is small, such as θrim = 15°, lots of rays are reflected by glass cover, and the temperature rising is much lower.
TL;DR: In this article, a comparative review of phase change material (PCM) based LHS performance enhancement methods is presented, which can be classified into three categories: using high thermal conductivity additives and porous media to enhance PCM thermal conductivities, using finned tubes and encapsulated PCMs to extend heat transfer surface, using multistage or cascaded LHS technique and thermodynamic optimization to improve the heat transfer uniformity.
Abstract: Latent heat storage (LHS) is considered as the most promising technique for thermal energy storage, due to its high energy storage density and nearly constant working temperature. However, the lower thermal conductivity of the phase change material (PCM) used in LHS system seriously weakens thermal energy charging and discharging rates. In order to improve the thermal performance of LHS system, a lot of research on performance enhancement have been carried out. This review paper will concern on the development of PCMs and performance enhancement methods for LHS system in the last decade. The available enhancement methods can be classified into three categories: using high thermal conductivity additives and porous media to enhance PCM thermal conductivity, using finned tubes and encapsulated PCMs to extend heat transfer surface, using multistage or cascaded LHS technique and thermodynamic optimization to improving the heat transfer uniformity. The comparative reviews on PCMs, corresponding performance enhancement methods and their characteristics are presented in present paper. That will help in selecting reliable PCMs and matching suitable performance enhancement method to achieve the best thermal performance for PCM based LHS system. In addition, the research gaps in performance enhancement techniques for LHS systems are also discussed and some recommendations for future research are proposed.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
01 May 1993
TL;DR: Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems.
Abstract: Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of inter-atomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region. The algorithms are suitable for molecular dynamics models which can be difficult to parallelize efficiently—those with short-range forces where the neighbors of each atom change rapidly. They can be implemented on any distributed-memory parallel machine which allows for message-passing of data between independently executing processors. The algorithms are tested on a standard Lennard-Jones benchmark problem for system sizes ranging from 500 to 100,000,000 atoms on several parallel supercomputers--the nCUBE 2, Intel iPSC/860 and Paragon, and Cray T3D. Comparing the results to the fastest reported vectorized Cray Y-MP and C90 algorithm shows that the current generation of parallel machines is competitive with conventional vector supercomputers even for small problems. For large problems, the spatial algorithm achieves parallel efficiencies of 90% and a 1840-node Intel Paragon performs up to 165 faster than a single Cray C9O processor. Trade-offs between the three algorithms and guidelines for adapting them to more complex molecular dynamics simulations are also discussed.
01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: Proton-coupled electron transfer is an important mechanism for charge transfer in a wide variety of systems including biology- and materials-oriented venues and several are reviewed.
Abstract: ▪ Abstract Proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) is an important mechanism for charge transfer in a wide variety of systems including biology- and materials-oriented venues. We review several are...