About: Bells University of Technology is a education organization based out in Abeokuta, Nigeria. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Simulated body fluid & Density functional theory. The organization has 342 authors who have published 445 publications receiving 3209 citations. The organization is also known as: Bellstech.
Topics: Simulated body fluid, Density functional theory, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Renewable energy, Composite number
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the NTB-modified adsorbent presented with broader peaks of inner O and inner Si-O centers, which fit very well with the Langmuir adsorption model.
Abstract: Kaolinite clay sample obtained from Ubulu-Ukwu in Delta State of Nigeria was modified with sodium tetraborate to obtain NTB-modified kaolinite clay. XRD measurements of NTB-modified kaolinite adsorbent showed no observable change in the d-spacing of its crystal lattice. Also, the data of XRD confirmed that this kaolinite clay sample is a mixture of kaolinite and Illite clay minerals. The SEM of modified and unmodified samples showed irregular crystal structures. FTIR results proved the surface modification of the kaolinite at –Al–O and –Si–O centers. The NTB-modified adsorbent presented with broader peaks of inner –OH. Modification of kaolinite clay sample with sodium tetraborate decreased its PZC from pH 4.40 to 3.70 while its Specific Surface Area (SSA) was increased from 10.56 m2 g− 1 to 15.84 m2 g− 1. Modification with sodium tetraborate reagent increased the adsorption capacity of kaolinite clay from 16.16 mg/g to 42.92 mg/g for Pb (II) and 10.75 mg/g to 44.05 mg/g for Cd (II) at 298 K. Increasing temperature was found to increase the adsorption of both metals onto both adsorbents suggesting an endothermic adsorption reaction. The simultaneous presence of electrolyte in aqueous solution with Pb and Cd (II) was found to decrease the adsorption capacity of NTB-modified adsorbent for Pb and Cd (II). Using the Pearson's Hard and Soft Lewis Acid and Base (HSAB) theory the higher selectivity of unmodified kaolinite clay adsorbent for Pb and NTB-modified kaolinite clay for Cd (II) was justified. The thermodynamic calculations for the modified kaolinite clay sample indicated an endothermic nature of adsorption (ΔHmean + 4.35 kJ mol− 1 for Pb(II) and + 3.79 kJ mol− 1 for Cd (II)) and an increase in entropy as a result of adsorption of Pb (II) and Cd (II) (ΔSmean − 21.73 J mol− 1 K for Pb (II) and − 18.30J mol− 1 K for Cd (II)). The small positive values of free energy change (ΔGmean) indicated that the adsorption of Pb (II) and Cd (II) onto the modified adsorbent may require some small amount of energy to make it more feasible. Modeling equilibrium adsorption data obtained suggested that NTB-modified adsorbent sample has homogeneous adsorption sites and fit very well with Langmuir adsorption model. Regeneration studies suggest that ≈ 85% of the metals were desorbed from both adsorbents. On reuse of the adsorbents only ≈ 80% of metals were adsorbed. NTB-modified kaolinite clay sample show some very good potentials as a low-cost adsorbent for the adsorption of Pb (II) and Cd (II) from aqueous solutions.
TL;DR: This review examines the various clustering algorithms applicable to the gene expression data in order to discover and provide useful knowledge of the appropriate clustering technique that will guarantee stability and high degree of accuracy in its analysis procedure.
Abstract: Gene expression data hide vital information required to understand the biological process that takes place in a particular organism in relation to its environment. Deciphering the hidden patterns in gene expression data proffers a prodigious preference to strengthen the understanding of functional genomics. The complexity of biological networks and the volume of genes present increase the challenges of comprehending and interpretation of the resulting mass of data, which consists of millions of measurements; these data also inhibit vagueness, imprecision, and noise. Therefore, the use of clustering techniques is a first step toward addressing these challenges, which is essential in the data mining process to reveal natural structures and identify interesting patterns in the underlying data. The clustering of gene expression data has been proven to be useful in making known the natural structure inherent in gene expression data, understanding gene functions, cellular processes, and subtypes of cells, mining useful information from noisy data, and understanding gene regulation. The other benefit of clustering gene expression data is the identification of homology, which is very important in vaccine design. This review examines the various clustering algorithms applicable to the gene expression data in order to discover and provide useful knowledge of the appropriate clustering technique that will guarantee stability and high degree of accuracy in its analysis procedure.
TL;DR: From the design of a single-batch adsorber it is predicted that the NTB-modified Kaolinite clay adsorbent will require 50% less of the adsorbENT to treat certain volumes of wastewater containing 30 mg/L of Aniline blue dye when it is compared with the unmodified adsorbents.
Abstract: Raw Kaolinite clay obtained Ubulu-Ukwu, Delta State of Nigeria and its sodium tetraborate (NTB)-modified analogue was used to adsorb Aniline blue dye. Fourier transformed infrared spectra of NTB-modified Kaolinite suggests that modification was effective on the surface of the Kaolinite clay with the strong presence of inner -OH functional group. The modification of Kaolinite clay raised its adsorption capacity from 1666 to 2000 mg/kg. Modeling adsorption data obtained from both unmodified and NTB-modified Kaolinite clay reveals that the adsorption of Aniline blue dye on unmodified Kaolinite clay is on heterogeneous adsorption sites because it followed strongly the Freundlich isotherm equation model while adsorption data from NTB-modified Kaolinite clay followed strongly the Langmuir isotherm equation model which suggest that Aniline blue dye was adsorb homogeneous adsorption sites on the NTB-modified adsorbent surface. There was an observed increase in the amount of Aniline blue adsorbed as initial dye concentration was increased from 10 to 30 mg/L. It was observed that kinetic data obtained generally gave better robust fit to the second-order kinetic model (SOM). The initial sorption rate was found to increased with increasing initial dye concentration (from 10 to 20 mg/L) for data obtained from 909 to 1111 mg kg(-1)min(-1) for unmodified and 3325-5000 mg kg(-1) min(-1) for NTB-modified adsorbents. Thereafter there was a decrease in initial sorption rate with further increase in dye concentration. The linearity of the plots of the pseudo-second-order model with very high-correlation coefficients indicates that chemisorption is involved in the adsorption process. From the design of a single-batch adsorber it is predicted that the NTB-modified Kaolinite clay adsorbent will require 50% less of the adsorbent to treat certain volumes of wastewater containing 30 mg/L of Aniline blue dye when it is compared with the unmodified adsorbent. This will be cost effective in the use of NTB-modified adsorbent for the adsorption of Aniline blue dye from water and wastewater.
TL;DR: The plant accumulated toxic metals both at the root and at the shoot in high degree, which indicates that the plant that forms a large biomass on the water surface and is not fed upon by animals can serve as a plant for both phytoextraction and rhizofiltration in phytoremediation technology.
Abstract: The potential of Eichornia crassipes to serve as a phytoremediation plant in the cleaning up of metals from contaminated coastal areas was evaluated in this study. Ten metals, As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V and Zn were assessed in water and the plant roots and shoots from the coastal area of Ondo State, Nigeria and the values were used to evaluate the enrichment factor (EF) and translocation factor (TF) in the plant. The critical concentrations of the metals were lower than those specified for hyperaccumulators thus classifying the plant as an accumulator but the EF and TF revealed that the plant accumulated toxic metals such as Cr, Cd, Pb and As both at the root and at the shoot in high degree, which indicates that the plant that forms a large biomass on the water surface and is not fed upon by animals can serve as a plant for both phytoextraction and rhizofiltration in phytoremediation technology.
TL;DR: The assessment showed that environmentally sound end-of-life management of waste plastics by recycling and energy recovery is in its infancy in Africa, but recycling activities and thermal recovery have started in a few countries.
Abstract: Currently, plastic is at the top of the international agenda for waste management. Recent meetings of the Conferences of the Parties to the Basel and the Stockholm Conventions have expressed concerns over the impact of plastic waste, marine plastic litter, and microplastics, and emphasised the importance of reducing consumption and ensuring the environmentally sound management of waste plastics. This study presents the first continental historical analysis of mass importation and consumption of different polymers and plastics (primary and secondary forms, respectively) in Africa and the associated pollution potential. We identified, collated and synthesised dispersed international trade data on the importation of polymers and plastics into several African countries. The 33 African countries (total population of 856,671,366) with available data for more than 10 years imported approximately 86.14 Mt of polymers in primary form and 31.5 Mt of plastic products between 1990 and 2017. Extrapolating to the continental level (African population of 1.216 billion in 54 countries), about 172 Mt of polymers and plastics valued at $285 billion were imported between 1990 and 2017. Considering also the components of products, an estimated 230 Mt of plastics entered Africa during that time period, with the largest share going to Egypt (43 Mt, 18.7%), Nigeria (39 Mt, 17.0%), South Africa (27 Mt, 11.7%), Algeria (26 Mt, 11.3%), Morocco (22 Mt, 9.6%), and Tunisia (16 Mt, 7.0%). Additionally, primary plastic production in 8 African countries contributed 15 Mt during 2009–2015. The assessment showed that environmentally sound end-of-life management of waste plastics by recycling and energy recovery is in its infancy in Africa, but recycling activities and thermal recovery have started in a few countries. Globally, the perception is that production and consumption of plastics can only increase in the future. Solutions are needed to tackle this global challenge. Certain policies and plastic bag bans could help reduce plastic consumption in the near future, as demonstrated by Rwanda. Furthermore, there is a need for innovative solutions such as the introduction of biodegradable polymers and other alternatives, especially for packaging.
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|Emmanuel I. Unuabonah||29||78||2631|
|S. A. Odunfa||19||32||1351|
|Ojo Sunday Isaac Fayomi||19||135||1009|
|Foluso O. Agunbiade||16||44||783|
|J. O. Babayemi||15||36||713|
|Adeniyi S. Ogunlaja||13||65||523|
|Olawole O. Obembe||11||50||670|
|Rapheal A. Ojelabi||9||69||360|
|Desmond Eseoghene Ighravwe||9||67||352|
|Omena Bernard Ojuederie||9||25||566|
|Olalekan S. Alade||9||51||252|
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